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# In addition to relieving stress and building strength,

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In addition to relieving stress and building strength, [#permalink]  19 Nov 2012, 21:50
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In addition to relieving stress and building strength, certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s.

[A] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[B] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, like a peristaltic pump, and they have a purgative effect that is like a laxative
[C] certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps both instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative
[D] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated both by certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[E] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated by certain yoga poses, just as with peristaltic pumps, and these have a purgative effect like that of a laxative
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  19 Nov 2012, 22:14
Expert's post
Vineetk wrote:
In addition to relieving stress and building strength, certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s.

[A] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[B] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, like a peristaltic pump, and they have a purgative effect that is like a laxative
[C] certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps both instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative
[D] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated both by certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[E] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated by certain yoga poses, just as with peristaltic pumps, and these have a purgative effect like that of a laxative

Observe the 3:2 split between ABC and DE.
"Relieving stress and building strength" are works done by something. So in addition to some objects, only objects will be added not the subject.
ABC are wrong IMO.
Among D and E, D alters the meaning and uses "they" ambigously.
+1 E.
I doubt the OA.
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 00:41
Marcab wrote:
Vineetk wrote:
In addition to relieving stress and building strength, certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s.

[A] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[B] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, like a peristaltic pump, and they have a purgative effect that is like a laxative
[C] certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps both instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative
[D] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated both by certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[E] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated by certain yoga poses, just as with peristaltic pumps, and these have a purgative effect like that of a laxative

Observe the 3:2 split between ABC and DE.
"Relieving stress and building strength" are works done by something. So in addition to some objects, only objects will be added not the subject.
ABC are wrong IMO.
Among D and E, D alters the meaning and uses "they" ambigously.
+1 E.
I doubt the OA.

You can check the below link for OE
http://www.knewton.com/blog/gmat/verbal ... orrection/
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 00:52
Marcab wrote:
Vineetk wrote:
In addition to relieving stress and building strength, certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s.

[A] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[B] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, like a peristaltic pump, and they have a purgative effect that is like a laxative
[C] certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps both instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative
[D] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated both by certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[E] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated by certain yoga poses, just as with peristaltic pumps, and these have a purgative effect like that of a laxative

Observe the 3:2 split between ABC and DE.
"Relieving stress and building strength" are works done by something. So in addition to some objects, only objects will be added not the subject.
ABC are wrong IMO.
Among D and E, D alters the meaning and uses "they" ambigously.
+1 E.
I doubt the OA.

But "In addition...." should modify "certain yoga"

But still i was wrong..
I went with B
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 00:53
Expert's post
Then how'd you answer this one?
#4 In addition to her work on the miocene homicide fosiil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaelogy with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaelogy with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of

(D) Leakey's contributions to archaelogy include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

(E) Leakey's contributions to archaelogy include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 01:12
Marcab wrote:
Then how'd you answer this one?
#4 In addition to her work on the miocene homicide fosiil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaelogy with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African paintings.

(A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting

(B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting

(C) Leakey was a contributor to archaelogy with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of

(D) Leakey's contributions to archaelogy include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of

(E) Leakey's contributions to archaelogy include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of

i went with C
first of all valid my ans and correct me for this ques....

Coming back to the original post...
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 01:14
Expert's post
visit http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/in- ... -t499.html and check for Ron's explanation down the page
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 03:09
Expert's post
Vineetk wrote:
In addition to relieving stress and building strength, certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s.

[A] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, just as peristaltic pumps do, and these have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[B] certain yoga poses instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, like a peristaltic pump, and they have a purgative effect that is like a laxative
[C] certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps both instigate the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative
[D] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated both by certain yoga poses and peristaltic pumps, and they have a purgative effect like a laxative’s
[E] the onset of peristaltic pulses in the small intestine is instigated by certain yoga poses, just as with peristaltic pumps, and these have a purgative effect like that of a laxative

First up, when you read the sentence, notice the use of 's at the end. Why? Because we are comparing 'purgative effect of peristaltic pulses' and 'purgative effect of a laxative' using 'like'. It is correctly used in the original sentence and my first thought is that they must have incorrectly compared 'purgative effect of peristaltic pulses' and 'a laxative' in some options. A quick look shows us that B and C are incorrect.
They end with 'a purgative effect that is like a laxative' and 'a purgative effect like a laxative'.

We are left with A, D and E.

D and E are incorrect because we are looking for the do-er of the actions 'relieving stress and building strength'. We need 'certain yoga poses' after the comma. D and E use 'the onset of peristaltic pulses' after the comma which doesn't make sense.

Look at an easier example:
In addition to cooking for the whole family, .......

What are you looking for after the comma? The person who cooks.

In addition to cooking for the whole family, the servant cleans the house and runs errands.

(A) is correct.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 5746 Location: Pune, India Followers: 1446 Kudos [?]: 7601 [0], given: 186 Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink] 20 Nov 2012, 03:22 Expert's post Marcab wrote: Then how'd you answer this one? #4 In addition to her work on the miocene homicide fosiil record, Mary Leakey contributed to archaelogy with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting East African paintings. (A) Leakey contributed to archaeology with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstakingly documenting (B) Leakey contributed to archaeology by her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and by painstakingly documenting (C) Leakey was a contributor to archaelogy with her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and with her painstaking documentation of (D) Leakey's contributions to archaelogy include her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and her painstaking documentation of (E) Leakey's contributions to archaelogy include her discovering the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity and painstaking documentation of This question is different. This is an easier version of this question: In addition to the beautiful gown, her attire included a studded belt and a diamond brooch. 'her work on the miocene homicide fosiil record', 'her discovery of the earliest direct evidence of hominid activity' and 'her painstaking documentation of paintings' are all a part of Mary Leaky's contributions. So after 'In addition to her work on the miocene homicide fosiil record', you are looking for 'Mary Leaky's contributions include...' _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 08:47
Expert's post
What is the antecedent of the stand-alone demonstrative pronoun – these- in OA – A and the wrong choice E.? Is it -the poses - or - the pulses – or -the pumps – or a combination of two or three of them ? Of course, E has a larger modification issue and so the pronoun antecedence turns a smaller issue. Secondly, can a demonstrative pronoun, that is used more informally to refer to something or somethings that you can finger point at, stand alone per se?
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength [#permalink]  20 Nov 2012, 19:43
Expert's post
daagh wrote:
What is the antecedent of the stand-alone demonstrative pronoun – these- in OA – A and the wrong choice E.? Is it -the poses - or - the pulses – or -the pumps – or a combination of two or three of them ? Of course W has larger modification issue and so the pronoun antecedence turns a smaller issue. Secondly, can a demonstrative pronoun, that is used more informally to refer to something or somethings that you can finger point at, stand alone per se

In A, 'these' logically refers to the peristaltic pulses in the small intestine (not that any other choice has a clear antecedent for 'these' or 'they'). So there is no reason to obsess about the pronoun usage. Let's not forget - we need to evaluate the given options, not try to create an optimal sentence of our own.
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength, [#permalink]  14 Apr 2015, 07:58
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength, [#permalink]  14 Apr 2015, 22:06
Option A definitely is the correct answer since B incorrect compares 'effect' with 'laxative' (and not with laxative's effect)
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Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength, [#permalink]  15 Apr 2015, 00:21
A cannot be the right answer. I read a post by an expert on some other forum I think that pronouns such as these, those are correct on GMAT, only when these, those are immediately followed by a noun. So, it should have been something such as: these "pulses" have a purgative effect like a laxative’s.

Now, we have a noun "pulses" next to "these" and so, it would be correct.

This is the impression I have. Can someone confirm this; else can you quote an example from OG or GMATPrep where the correct answer just uses these/those without any noun.
Re: In addition to relieving stress and building strength,   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2015, 00:21
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