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Re: Italian vintners [#permalink]
09 Jan 2013, 23:17
by POE, got C, but dont know how this is correct...i still think it should be past tense...
(A) have been priced to sell, and they are -have been/are tense mismatch (B) are priced to sell, and they have -they have what? (C) are priced to sell, and they do -tense wise are ok, but i dont know why this could be right (D) are being priced to sell, and have -and who have what? are being is also awkward (E) had been priced to sell, and they have -had been? tense incorrect
The word " sell" is not in the last part because of ellipsis (where certain words can be omitted without breaking parallelism). However, the omitted word(s) must already appear in the sentence and must make sense when substituted back in (sub in and check).
Regarding what you mentioned about tense mismatch, parallelism can be done in a variety of ways, so it doesn't always hold that the tenses must be parallel (but they must be logical)
Just looking at parallelism: (A) have been priced to sell, and they are (priced to sell -> repeating info in first bit so redundant) (B) are priced to sell, and they have (priced to sell -> nonsense when slotted back in) (C) are priced to sell, and they do (sell- makes sense) (D) are being priced to sell, and have (priced to sell -> again nonsensical) (E) had been priced to sell, and they have (been priced to sell -> ditto)
The OG question has been discussed previously too. Pls. refer to the discussion links above.
Pls. remember that pronoun ambiguity is not a make or break issue on the gmat meaning that there will be several other errors that will make an option incorrect in addition to pronoun ambiguity. Gmat would never ask you to choose the correct option on the basis of pronoun ambiguity alone. Here the issue with other options are: incorrect use of present perfect tense, wrong second verb and incorrect punctuation (comma). 'They' is correct since it represents wines (its closest noun) as well as makes logical sense.
Hope this helps. Let me know if you would like the POE details as well.