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In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the

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In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2013, 20:07
In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the late Sarah Eisenstein has focused attention on the evolution of working women’s values from the turn of the century to the First World War. Eisenstein argues that turn-of-the-century women neither wholly accepted nor rejected what she calls the dominant “ideology of domesticity,” but rather took this and other available ideologies—feminism, socialism, trade unionism—and modified or adapted them in light of their own experiences and needs. In thus maintaining that wage-work helped to produce a new “consciousness” among women, Eisenstein to some extent challenges the recent, controversial proposal by Leslie Tentler that for women the work experience only served to reinforce the attractiveness of the dominant ideology. According to the Tentler, the degrading conditions under which many female wage earners worked made them view the family as a source of power and esteem available nowhere else in their social world. In contrast, Eisenstein’s study insists that wage-work had other implications for women’s identities and consciousness. Most importantly, her work aims to demonstrate that wage-work enabled women to become aware of themselves as a distinct social group capable of defining their collective circumstance. Eisenstein insists that as a group working-class women were not able to come to collective consciousness of their situation until they began entering the labor force, because domestic work tended to isolate them from one another.

Unfortunately, Eisenstein’s unfinished study does not develop these ideas in sufficient depth or detail, offering tantalizing hints rather than an exhaustive analysis. Whatever Eisenstein’s overall plan may have been, in its current form her study suffers from the limited nature of the sources she depended on. She uses the speeches and writings of reformers and labor organizers, who she acknowledges were far from representative, as the voice of the typical woman worker. And there is less than adequate attention given to the differing values of immigrant groups that made up a significant proportion of the population under investigation. While raising important questions, Eisenstein’s essays do not provide definitive answer, and it remains for others to take up the challenges they offer.

249. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize a scholar’s assumptions and methodology
(B) evaluate an approach to women’s study
(C) compare two sociological theories
(D) correct a misconception about feminist theory
(E) defend an unpopular ideology

250. It can be inferred from the passage that, in Eisenstein’s view, working women at the turn of the century had which of the following attitudes toward the dominant ideology of their time?
(A) They resented the dominant ideology as degrading.
(B) They preferred the dominant ideology to other available ideologies.
(C) They began to view the dominant ideology more favorably as a result of their experiences in the labor force.
(D) They accepted some but not all aspects of the dominant ideology.
(E) They believed that the dominant ideology isolated them from one another.

251. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) A chronological account of a historical development is presented, and then future developments are predicted.
(B) A term is defined according to several different schools of thought, and then a new definition is formulated.
(C) A theory is presented, an alternative viewpoint is introduced, and then the reasoning behind the initial theory is summarized.
(D) A tentative proposal is made, reasons for and against it are weighed, and then a modified version of the proposal is offered.
(E) A controversy is described, its historical implications are assessed, and then a compromise is suggested.

252. Which of the following would the author of the passage be most likely to approve as a continuation of Eisenstein’s study?
(A) An oral history of prominent women labor organizers
(B) An analysis of letters and diaries written by typical female wage earners at the turn of the century
(C) An assessment of what different social and political groups defined as the dominant ideology in the early twentieth century
(D) A theoretical study of how socialism and feminism influenced one another at the turn of the century
(E) A documentary account of labor’s role in the introduction of women into the labor force


+1 Kudos for explanation.....................
Official answer will be followed shortly

Rgds
Prasannajeet


[Reveal] Spoiler:
BDCB

Last edited by prasannajeet on 06 Sep 2013, 21:20, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2013, 05:26
prasannajeet wrote:
In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the late Sarah Eisenstein has focused attention on the evolution of working women’s values from the turn of the century to the First World War. Eisenstein argues that turn-of-the-century women neither wholly accepted nor rejected what she calls the dominant “ideology of domesticity,” but rather took this and other available ideologies—feminism, socialism, trade unionism—and modified or adapted them in light of their own experiences and needs. In thus maintaining that wage-work helped to produce a new “consciousness” among women, Eisenstein to some extent challenges the recent, controversial proposal by Leslie Tentler that for women the work experience only served to reinforce the attractiveness of the dominant ideology. According to the Tentler, the degrading conditions under which many female wage earners worked made them view the family as a source of power and esteem available nowhere else in their social world. In contrast, Eisenstein’s study insists that wage-work had other implications for women’s identities and consciousness. Most importantly, her work aims to demonstrate that wage-work enabled women to become aware of themselves as a distinct social group capable of defining their collective circumstance. Eisenstein insists that as a group working-class women were not able to come to collective consciousness of their situation until they began entering the labor force, because domestic work tended to isolate them from one another.

Unfortunately, Eisenstein’s unfinished study does not develop these ideas in sufficient depth or detail, offering tantalizing hints rather than an exhaustive analysis. Whatever Eisenstein’s overall plan may have been, in its current form her study suffers from the limited nature of the sources she depended on. She uses the speeches and writings of reformers and labor organizers, who she acknowledges were far from representative, as the voice of the typical woman worker. And there is less than adequate attention given to the differing values of immigrant groups that made up a significant proportion of the population under investigation. While raising important questions, Eisenstein’s essays do not provide definitive answer, and it remains for others to take up the challenges they offer.

249. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize a scholar’s assumptions and methodology
(B) evaluate an approach to women’s study
(C) compare two sociological theories
(D) correct a misconception about feminist theory
(E) defend an unpopular ideology

250. It can be inferred from the passage that, in Eisenstein’s view, working women at the turn of the century had which of the following attitudes toward the dominant ideology of their time?
(A) They resented the dominant ideology as degrading.
(B) They preferred the dominant ideology to other available ideologies.
(C) They began to view the dominant ideology more favorably as a result of their experiences in the labor force.
(D) They accepted some but not all aspects of the dominant ideology.
(E) They believed that the dominant ideology isolated them from one another.

251. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) A chronological account of a historical development is presented, and then future developments are predicted.
(B) A term is defined according to several different schools of thought, and then a new definition is formulated.
(C) A theory is presented, an alternative viewpoint is introduced, and then the reasoning behind the initial theory is summarized.
(D) A tentative proposal is made, reasons for and against it are weighed, and then a modified version of the proposal is offered.
(E) A controversy is described, its historical implications are assessed, and then a compromise is suggested.

252. Which of the following would the author of the passage be most likely to approve as a continuation of Eisenstein’s study?
(A) An oral history of prominent women labor organizers
(B) An analysis of letters and diaries written by typical female wage earners at the turn of the century
(C) An assessment of what different social and political groups defined as the dominant ideology in the early twentieth century
(D) A theoretical study of how socialism and feminism influenced one another at the turn of the century
(E) A documentary account of labor’s role in the introduction of women into the labor force


+1 Kudos for explanation.....................
Official answer will be followed shortly

Rgds
Prasannajeet




249---> A
250---> D
251---> C
252---> A


Pls Provide OA and explanations as well
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2013, 06:14
I'm weak at RCs. This what I got when I tried
C - Passage talks about two theories
D - ..century women neither wholly accepted nor rejected what .. (2nd line)
B - If you focus on only the last part A) future prediction B) new definition C) summary of intial theory D) Modified Proposal E) Compromise
A - ..the speeches and writings of reformers and labor organizers...(2nd para 2nd-3rd line)

Spent 7 mins out of which 2 mins I spent on reading
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2013, 07:17
Here comes the official answer

249-B
250-D
251-C
252-B

I still wondered why the last one answer would be B.........Can som1 unearth the detailed explanation
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2013, 19:57
249-A
250-D
251-C
252-C

Please post the OAs...
It was a good passage.. :)
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 06 Sep 2013, 21:21
Check out the answers....................
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2013, 00:38
Can you please post the explainations?

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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2013, 02:10
Bro seeking the same as i dont have the explanation
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2013, 22:26
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1. For the main idea or the primary purpose, focus on the following:

(i) The first and the last sentences of the first para and if there are many paras , may be the beginning of the second para.

"In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the late Sarah Eisenstein has focused attention on the evolution of working women’s values from the turn of the century to the First World War."
....
"Eisenstein insists that as a group working-class women were not able to come to collective consciousness of their situation until they began entering the labor force, because domestic work tended to isolate them from one another."

(ii) The first and the last sentences of the last para

"Unfortunately, Eisenstein’s unfinished study does not develop these ideas in sufficient depth or detail, offering tantalizing hints rather than an exhaustive analysis."
...
"While raising important questions, Eisenstein’s essays do not provide definitive answer, and it remains for others to take up the challenges they offer."

Choice B is the closest because we can see that what is being done is an evaluation of an approach. Others don't fit.

2. The relevant part for this question is:

"Eisenstein argues that turn-of-the-century women neither wholly accepted nor rejected what she calls the dominant “ideology of domesticity,” but rather took this and other available ideologies—feminism, socialism, trade unionism—and modified or adapted them in light of their own experiences and needs. "

D best fits the above.

3. The relevant parts for this question are:

(i) The start

"In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the late Sarah Eisenstein has focused attention on the evolution of working women’s values from the turn of the century to the First World War."

(ii) Any shift from what is being presented

"Eisenstein to some extent challenges the recent, controversial proposal by Leslie Tentler that for women the work experience only served to reinforce the attractiveness of the dominant ideology. "

(iii) The end

"Most importantly, her work aims to demonstrate that "

Choice C best describes the organization

4. The relevant parts for this question are:

"Unfortunately, Eisenstein’s unfinished study does not develop these ideas in sufficient depth or detail, offering tantalizing hints rather than an exhaustive analysis"

"She uses the speeches and writings of reformers and labor organizers, who she acknowledges were far from representative, as the voice of the typical woman worker."

Choice B would best address the inadequacies mentioned by the author.
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2013, 07:36
Hi SravnaTestPrep

First of all +1 for such a depth explanation...

How much time u have taken to read and how much time u have taken to answer as well???

What need to be done to fight back against such RC,s within stipulated time????

Last edited by prasannajeet on 12 Sep 2013, 23:58, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2013, 02:11
prasannajeet wrote:
Hi SravnaTestPrep

First of all +1 for such a depth explanation...

How much time u have taken to read and how many time u have taken to answer as well???

What need to be done to fight back against such RC,s within stipulated time????


Dear Prasannajeet,

It is wise to start a little slowly so that you get a grip on where the passage is heading. After the first para you can increase your speed and slow down again at the last para. This way you get a sense of what the author is trying to say without spending too much time on reading the passage.

For each question try to spot where in the passage what is asked in the question, is discussed. You can almost always get the answer by reading that 1 or 2 sentences in the passage. But you have to read them carefully considering the relevance of each word, as casual reading is likely to trap you. This will not really take a lot of time as you are focusing on a very small part.

If you follow the above method you should be able to complete the questions within the time actually required.
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2013, 23:58
Thanx for ur guidance............
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Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2013, 01:21
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Hi All,

Took me 7 minutes to crack this one, and i would consider this as a relatively easy passage.

Explainations:
249. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) criticize a scholar’s assumptions and methodology
(B) evaluate an approach to women’s study -
(C) compare two sociological theories
(D) correct a misconception about feminist theory
(E) defend an unpopular ideology

Strong contenders are A and B. The rest can easily be eliminated.
As far as A is concerned the author is not out rightly criticizing Eisenstein’s work.
He rather is studying her approach, the underlying assumption and the shortcomings.
Hence, B.



250. It can be inferred from the passage that, in Eisenstein’s view, working women at the turn of the century had which of the following attitudes toward the dominant ideology of their time?
(A) They resented the dominant ideology as degrading.
(B) They preferred the dominant ideology to other available ideologies.
(C) They began to view the dominant ideology more favorably as a result of their experiences in the labor force.
(D) They accepted some but not all aspects of the dominant ideology.
(E) They believed that the dominant ideology isolated them from one another.

Strong contenders are C and D.
However in C the entire sentence is not true. We cannot infer that the women considered the dominant ideology as "more FAVORABLE".
Like C, B suffers from the same shortcomings. The passage does not mention that the women preferred other available ideologies over dominant ideologies.
A is clearly incorrect as the passage mentions that the women neither accepted not rejected the dominant ideology.
E is not what the women believed, it was Eisenstein’s view.
Hence D is the answer




251. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph of the passage?
(A) A chronological account of a historical development is presented, and then future developments are predicted.
(B) A term is defined according to several different schools of thought, and then a new definition is formulated.
(C) A theory is presented, an alternative viewpoint is introduced, and then the reasoning behind the initial theory is summarized.
(D) A tentative proposal is made, reasons for and against it are weighed, and then a modified version of the proposal is offered.
(E) A controversy is described, its historical implications are assessed, and then a compromise is suggested.

In any passage that you read, try to get the structure and the main point ideas right.
In my opinion, most GMAT RC passages have atleast one question on the aforementioned themes.
The answer has to be C, as the passage clearly presents a theory and then the alternate view point (that of Tentler) is discussed.
The rest of the options can easily be eliminated if you inculcate the practice to read to identify the structure/mainpoint.



252. Which of the following would the author of the passage be most likely to approve as a continuation of Eisenstein’s study?
(A) An oral history of prominent women labor organizers
(B) An analysis of letters and diaries written by typical female wage earners at the turn of the century
(C) An assessment of what different social and political groups defined as the dominant ideology in the early twentieth century
(D) A theoretical study of how socialism and feminism influenced one another at the turn of the century
(E) A documentary account of labor’s role in the introduction of women into the labor force


In the final passage the author mentions a shortcoming in Eisenstien's work.
- " She uses the speeches and writings of reformers and labor organizers, who she acknowledges were far from representative, as the voice of the typical woman worker" . Further she mentions "Eisenstein’s essays do not provide definitive answer, and it remains for others to take up the challenges they offer".
Clearly further work should focus on the works of the subjects being studied as narrated my the subjects themselves.
(B) An analysis of letters and diaries written by typical female wage earners at the turn of the century - seems befitting.



Regards,
Chechaxo
Re: In an unfinished but highly suggestive series of essays, the   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2013, 01:21
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