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In an unusual move for a Republican, the president's

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In an unusual move for a Republican, the president's [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2011, 06:07
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A
B
C
D
E

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  25% (low)

Question Stats:

69% (01:32) correct 31% (00:56) wrong based on 54 sessions
In an unusual move for a Republican, the
president's directive established price controls
.

(A) the president's directive established price
controls
(B) the president's directive was to establish
price controls
(C) the president was successful in the
establishment of controls on prices
(D) the president had instituted controls on
prices
(E) the president established price controls

Kindly share answer with complete explanation.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
...E...
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Please try this Modifier SC [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2011, 06:22
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The answer is E, the beginning part modifies the subject "President", and the part following the modifier has to be in Active voice.

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Re: Please try this Modifier SC [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2011, 06:26
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vivgmat wrote:
In an unusual move for a Republican, the
president's directive established price controls
.

(A) the president's directive established price
controls
(B) the president's directive was to establish
price controls
(C) the president was successful in the
establishment of controls on prices
(D) the president had instituted controls on
prices
(E) the president established price controls

Kindly share answer with complete explanation.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
...E...


"In an unusual move for a Republican" is one giant phrase that modifies "the president", which immediately follows the phrase just after the comma.

Think it like this; who made the move; President himself or President's directive; President, right?

A and B out.

D: usage "past perfect" "had instituted"- Past perfect is used only when there are two sequences from the past. Here, there is just one event that occurred in the past. "The act of establishment". Thus, simple past "established" is more apt.

C and E are both correct but C much wordier than E. Also, GMAT prefers phrases like "price control" over "control on prices" likewise for the usage of verb "established" over "establishment of".

E rules- Concision.

Ans: "E"

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Re: Please try this Modifier SC [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2011, 11:33
+1 E

A and B is wrong because a directive is not a person.
C changes the meaning.
D doesn't need past perfect.

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Re: In an unusual move for a Republican, the president's [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2013, 00:06
Explanation for why Option (D) is wrong

Quote:
D: usage "past perfect" "had instituted"- Past perfect is used only when there are two sequences from the past. Here, there is just one event that occurred in the past. "The act of establishment". Thus, simple past "established" is more apt.


I need few examples to understand this explanation.
Re: In an unusual move for a Republican, the president's   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2013, 00:06
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In an unusual move for a Republican, the president's

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