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# In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a

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In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  28 Jan 2013, 18:40
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In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were [#permalink]  28 Jan 2013, 19:20
IMO: E

In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning. reasoning singular doesn't match with plural are

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is. reasoning is behind those thrashes are awkward usage.

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale. Needed singular verb

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons. Looks correct to me.

I am between B & E, but E looks more correct.

Can anyone tell what is wrong with B ?
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were [#permalink]  28 Jan 2013, 20:16
E - Correct--- reasons are -Sub verb agreement

B- used passive voice(was performed by) so left-out.......
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were [#permalink]  28 Jan 2013, 20:23
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IMO:B

In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were (Was needed) a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits ( it modify the township , but township can't itself meant to protect ) , although the reasoning( plural subject needed) behind those thrashes are still vague.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning : Incorrect (discussed in main sentence)

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits (correctly modify the beating of bounds), was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons :correct

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is ( two aux verb "is" & "are" without fanboys) :Incorrect

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale : In correct (discussed in main clause)

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons : In correct (discussed in main clause)
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were [#permalink]  28 Jan 2013, 21:52
@carcass, +1 kudo for you.

Can you clear the confusion between C vs E by posting the OA ?
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were [#permalink]  29 Jan 2013, 06:28
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umeshpatil wrote:
@carcass, +1 kudo for you.

Can you clear the confusion between C vs E by posting the OA ?

In E Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel doesn't have much sense in this context. Something in this case is performed by someone.

be suspicious with passive voice. is wrong almost the times but not ALWAYS.

Moreover, In E the sentence is too long losing of consistency

B is correct
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were [#permalink]  31 Jan 2013, 15:31
IMO

a>beating of bounds is singular >> were should be WAS.
c>reasoning is behind >>awkward
d>same as A also rationale is singular so ' are still vague' is wrong.
e>means should be meant.

left with B...

pls comment if logic is flawed....
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were [#permalink]  31 Jan 2013, 23:49
In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.

The sentence mainly revolves around the concept of subject verb agreement. Most of the options have one or both of below errors
1. The beating of the bounds ...were
2. reasoning is/rationale does not match with plural verb in post underlined part

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning reasoning...are still vague

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons correct

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is..are still vague

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale
1. Bounds,a series ....were meant
2. rationale..are still vague

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons means here seems a typo....this construction is passive though
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  13 Apr 2013, 06:14
For reasons discussed above, I narrow it down to B and E. Assuming that "means" in E should be "meant" and is merely a typo, choice E remains in contention.

I think that B changes the meaning of the sentence. The Beating of the Bounds was a tradition that took place in a village, and was meant to protect _the village_ from evil spirits, not any random area. B implies that the Beating of the Bounds can be used more generally to protect areas from spirits.

In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  27 Aug 2013, 14:10
banaorange wrote:
For reasons discussed above, I narrow it down to B and E. Assuming that "means" in E should be "meant" and is merely a typo, choice E remains in contention.

I think that B changes the meaning of the sentence. The Beating of the Bounds was a tradition that took place in a village, and was meant to protect _the village_ from evil spirits, not any random area. B implies that the Beating of the Bounds can be used more generally to protect areas from spirits.

In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons

E is incorrect because two verbs (was and means) of the subject (the beating bounds) used without connectors
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  15 Sep 2013, 16:06
carcass wrote:
In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons

My thought process :
Beating of xxx -> singular. A and D are out. E is a run on . Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes...means to protect...gone..
B and C are more of the modifier application. Their are 2 problems with C; First is in the end is wrong. Second the Beating of bounds is o protect the area from evil spirit which is far away. B makes more sense.
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  16 Sep 2013, 03:12
Why is "beating of the bounds" singular? Any grammatical rule here that I should know about?
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  16 Sep 2013, 11:13
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HarishLearner wrote:
Why is "beating of the bounds" singular? Any grammatical rule here that I should know about?

Yes, Could you dig out more on the Subject-Verb Pair agreement theory and see how to identify singular or plural subject. You can refer to Manhattan's Sentence Correction book or any other relevant source to clear your doubts.

In this case, Consider "Beating of the bounds bounds" as one custom or ritual or festival which will be singular.

So, Beating of the bounds was a series of ritualistic rashes....SINGULAR SUBJECT
Another Example: In India, Playing with colors is a ritualistic tradition ....SINGULAR SUBJECT

Hope it helps.
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  17 Sep 2013, 01:04
Gian wrote:
HarishLearner wrote:
Why is "beating of the bounds" singular? Any grammatical rule here that I should know about?

Yes, Could you dig out more on the Subject-Verb Pair agreement theory and see how to identify singular or plural subject. You can refer to Manhattan's Sentence Correction book or any other relevant source to clear your doubts.

In this case, Consider "Beating of the bounds bounds" as one custom or ritual or festival which will be singular.

So, Beating of the bounds was a series of ritualistic rashes....SINGULAR SUBJECT
Another Example: In India, Playing with colors is a ritualistic tradition ....SINGULAR SUBJECT

Hope it helps.

Thanks. I appreciate the effort on your part to clarify this doubt.
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  17 Sep 2013, 02:16
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HarishLearner wrote:
Gian wrote:
HarishLearner wrote:
Why is "beating of the bounds" singular? Any grammatical rule here that I should know about?

Yes, Could you dig out more on the Subject-Verb Pair agreement theory and see how to identify singular or plural subject. You can refer to Manhattan's Sentence Correction book or any other relevant source to clear your doubts.

In this case, Consider "Beating of the bounds bounds" as one custom or ritual or festival which will be singular.

So, Beating of the bounds was a series of ritualistic rashes....SINGULAR SUBJECT
Another Example: In India, Playing with colors is a ritualistic tradition ....SINGULAR SUBJECT

Hope it helps.

Thanks. I appreciate the effort on your part to clarify this doubt.

You can appreciate by pressing KUDOS !
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In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  23 Jan 2015, 07:25
OK, let's start... I solved this one just by eliminating wrong answers

In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning --> the Beating of the Bounds needs SINGULAR verb WAS + reasoning needs a singular verb IS...REASONING ARE is here wrong

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons CORRECT

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is --> reasoning is behind those thrashes are still vague - usage of both IS and ARE WRONG

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale --> the Beating of the Bounds needs SINGULAR verb WAS

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons --> I think "means" is a typo here BUT if we use limits of a village or township MEANT modifies TOWNSHIP, it's just like an -ED form standing after a NOUN modifies a NOUN, meant is a regular Verb.
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a [#permalink]  26 Jan 2015, 18:44
Can someone please clarify the following phrase(marked in bold) in option B:

"Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons"

My doubt here is that, how can "Beating of the Bounds" be performed BY a series of ritualistic thrashes
Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2015, 18:44
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