In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC) - Page 2
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# In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish

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Re: SC-cold-water habitats [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2010, 12:24
It would be great if any SC guru provide some clarification on this.
Thanks
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Re: SC-cold-water habitats [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2010, 08:20
one explanation that I found on another forum for why C and not D:

Quote:
so that is used to indicate purpose. Here the intention is not purpose. It is something an advantage which is arising out indirectly.

For Ex,

People live in cold areas and in effect become whitish in color.

Here it would be wrong to say that

People live in cold areas so that they become whitish in color.
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Re: SC-cold-water habitats [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2010, 10:43
I agree with seekmba.

Usage of so that - is to indicate intention.

For ex,
Survey was conducted so that management can understand the problems faced by workers.
"So that" indicates that management conducted the survey with an intent of finding the problems faced by workers.
Survey was conducted at company X and in effect the management came to understand the problems faced by workers.
2nd construction deletes the intent part of survey, understanding of the worker's problem was result of survey.

Another ex.
Global warming is increasing the pace of arctic meltdown , in effect decreasing the habitat of Polar Bears.
In effect indicates , an un-intentional result. Global warming is not increasing arctic meltdown to reduce the habitat of Polar Bears. In fact, the decrease in habitat of Polar Bear is the un-intentional result of Arctic meltdown.

Obviously , Invertebrates and fishes do not breakdown the complex starches into glycerol intentionally to manufacture antifreeze. Therefore in effect does more justice in maintaining the intended meaning.
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Re: SC-cold-water habitats [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2010, 00:08
malar wrote:
In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starches into complex carbohydrates called glycerols, in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze.
(A) in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze
(B) effectively manufacturing antifreeze of its own
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze
(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze
(E) thus the manufacture of its own antifreeze

POE first:
A,B, and E are out for singular pronoun
D-cause /effect - X, so that Y- this changes the meaning of the sentence (they convert ....in order to manufacture...)
C-ing construction modifies the previous clause. the use of "in effect" signals the unintended result or side effect. C is good
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Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 02:50
the part following "so that" is generally the answer of "why?".

In this sentence, we don't need such relationship because sentence is not trying to explain "why invertebrates and fisch convert starches into complex..". The entence just trying to explain process of manufacturing an antifreeze.
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Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 10:34
malar wrote:
In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starches into complex carbohydrates called glycerols, in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze.
(A) in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze
(B) effectively manufacturing antifreeze of its own
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze
(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze
(E) thus the manufacture of its own antifreeze

its/their split
So that they is too wordy

C is the best choice

Hope it helps
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Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2016, 00:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2016, 00:34

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# In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish

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