Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 30 Sep 2014, 07:54

Starting Soon:

Live Q&A Session With Kristen Egan - Assistant Director of Admissions at Darden Business School.


Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 373
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 2

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 11:14
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (01:49) correct 17% (01:05) wrong based on 95 sessions
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

In D the phrase " have been" indicates passive voice. " Is have been apply to "remain economically viable. In that case we need " remained". please explain.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
Posts: 456
Location: United States (MA)
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 109 [0], given: 46

Re: verb tense [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 11:24
D is the correct choice here.

Large steel plants are compared to small mills. So options A, B, C are out.

Among D and E, D uses correct tense of remain - present tense.

About your question, 'have been' doesn't indicate passive voice here. 'Remain' is parallel to 'put'.
"have been able to" is present perfect form of "to be able to"
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 373
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 2

Re: verb tense [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2012, 10:51
Hi

Thank you for your detailed explanation.

still I am not clear on this: About your question, 'have been' doesn't indicate passive voice here. 'Remain' is parallel to 'put'. "have been able to" is present perfect form of "to be able to".

I dont know how to spot parallelism here. When i saw verb " remained" , I assumed the subject of the verb "remained" must be "small firms". can you please suggest some tips on how to spot parallelism.

Thanks
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: SLOGGING : My son says,This time Papa u will have to make it : Innocence is BLISS
Joined: 16 Jan 2012
Posts: 211
Location: India
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 30

CAT Tests
Re: verb tense [#permalink] New post 23 Aug 2012, 12:49
I dont know how to spot parallelism here. When i saw verb " remained" , I assumed the subject of the verb "remained" must be "small firms". can you please suggest some tips on how to spot parallelism.

subject is Small firms because as piya correctly shared her pointer , its a contrast ( between Large firms & Small mills ) , so we can zone in between D & E

In D n E ; remove the middle modifier & reread

D : Small firms have been able to PUT................AND............REMAIN.......

E : Small firms have been able to PUT...................AND...........REMAINED..........

you can always be in look out for markers such as AND / OR............. and then try to check the portions before / after AND ( they should be parallel )

Parallelism : more like A ( B+C) = AB + AC

A : SMALL FIRMS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO , B : Put , C : Remain/Remained

Now do a quick check wrt to the above equation substituting the individual variables:

LHS : Small firms have been able to ( PUT + REMAIN/REMAINED )

RHS for D : Small firms have been able to PUT ..............+........... Small firms have been able to remain

RHS for E : Small firms have been able to PUT ..............+........... Small firms have been able to REMAINED ( does this sound correct ?) = Eliminate

Leading to D
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1791
Followers: 1276

Kudos [?]: 3589 [1] , given: 185

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2012, 11:13
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi Tom,

The key to identify the correct intended parallel list in the sentence is to understand the logical intended meaning ofthe sentence. Here is the analysis of this question with all due importance to the intended meaning.

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.


Image

• The sentence presents a contrast.
• Large steel plants process iron ore to produce several kinds of steel.
• Unlike them, small mills process steel scrap into specific products.
• This has enabled them to do two things:
o put capital into new technology.
o remain economically viable.

Image

Error Analysis:

• In contrast to large steel plants
o that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel,
• (cont. of first clause.) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

The two entities contrasted in the idiom in use - in contrast to X, Y … are not logically parallel. X= large steel plants (noun phrase) which is not logically parallel to Y= processing steel scrap… (verb-ing phrase).

POE:

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining: Incorrect.
a. Same error as choice A.
b. Processing steel scrap has enabled small plants to – i) put capital into new technology and ii) remain economically viable. The two are independent purposes. “Remaining” ∦”to put”. Furthermore, this choice distorts the meaning. It unnecessarily links the two independent purposes. The choice now suggests that “remaining economically viable” is the result of the action of small mills “putting capital in the technology”. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. Furthermore its not clear what is “remaining economically viable”. Per the structure of the sentence, “processing steel scrap” is remaining economically viable, but this is illogical.

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining: Incorrect. Same errors as in choice B.

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain: Correct.

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained: Incorrect. "to put" is not parallel "remained".

Image

1. The two entities compared/ contrasted must be logically as well as grammatically parallel.
2. Identify the correct list in the sentence. You can identify the correct list if you have understood the intended meaning well.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WeT9_Wr0DlI&feature=youtu.be

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 454
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 39

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2013, 06:39
IT is uneasy to realize which meaning is correct when we face D and E.

the meaning cheating is brutal when we are in the test room and are tired.

any one has any tip for going against this cheating. ? pls explain.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Jul 2011
Posts: 21
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 8

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 06:23
its'nt the usage of remain correct because small plants is a plural , or do we need any other reason to conclude on this being the correct choice
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Nov 2010
Posts: 293
Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 75

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink] New post 13 Feb 2013, 21:11
ramanujanu wrote:
its'nt the usage of remain correct because small plants is a plural , or do we need any other reason to conclude on this being the correct choice


We chose "remain" to correct the parallelism:

have been able to put........ (to) remain
_________________

YOU CAN, IF YOU THINK YOU CAN

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 625
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 92 [0], given: 32

Premium Member
Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink] New post 09 Mar 2013, 01:52
To Egmat : why cant we view the parallelism in E as follows :
E: small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained

in other words "have" can go along with "been able" and "remained"
Expert Post
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1791
Followers: 1276

Kudos [?]: 3589 [0], given: 185

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink] New post 09 Mar 2013, 10:32
Expert's post
aditya8062 wrote:
To Egmat : why cant we view the parallelism in E as follows :
E: small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained

in other words "have" can go along with "been able" and "remained"


Hi Aditya,

Note that "been" is very much part of "have". The present perfect helping verb verb is "have been". To this you can add any verb in its participle form to create a proper verb in a sentence. In choice E, "have been able" is a correct verb but we cannot say "have been remained". Also, we just CANNOT choose to remove "been" for the sake of parallelism. If we need to keep helping verbs understood then we need to keep "have been" understood", not just anyone.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WeT9_Wr0DlI&feature=youtu.be

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2013, 10:32
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Experts publish their posts in the topic The supply of iron ore, the most important component in carcass 8 02 Apr 2013, 09:42
3 Iron ore mines in Triberia have demonstrated that upgraded elegan 3 02 Nov 2012, 22:13
Where do you find iron , electric steel door ? leradresse 0 20 Feb 2012, 09:12
Is it advisable (or a must) to take notes and/or diagram gmatexam2009 1 13 Oct 2010, 00:37
8 Experts publish their posts in the topic In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through prasannar 21 22 Apr 2008, 06:31
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.