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# In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through

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In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2008, 07:31
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In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by mau5 on 25 Aug 2013, 00:48, edited 1 time in total.
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22 Apr 2008, 07:39
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E - || large plants... small mills, have been... (have) remained
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22 Apr 2008, 07:52
I think is D.
Here it is suggested that they are still economically viable, especially that the first sentence uses present tense. "In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, small mills have been able to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable
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22 Apr 2008, 07:53
prasannar wrote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

eliminate b enabled does not agree with remaining
eliminate c enabled does not agree with remaining
eliminate d comparison not parallel should be "large plants that take" to "small mills (insert verb)"
eliminate e "remained" is in the past tense

A
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22 Apr 2008, 08:48
I amend my answer to D. Ya should be ll.
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22 Apr 2008, 10:36
immediately narrow it down to D or E due to comparison required btwn large mills and small mills. Out of those two, D is better/
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22 Apr 2008, 22:41
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D works. Incorrect comparison in ABC and incorrect tense in E.
prasannar wrote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained
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23 Apr 2008, 05:42
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at first i thought of D, but then i chose E because
have enabled ... and (have) remained...
--> so we should choose because of meaning or because if there is similar case, we cannot omit the verb have?

now i think D is more correct, but anyone can help to explain the above? need to clear my basics. thanks
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24 Apr 2008, 13:32
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D)small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain
Option D has || and to put and to remain are also||(second to is not necessary) so E cannot be correct.
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24 Apr 2008, 14:05
D it is.

Present tense "remain" in D is needed as the steel mills still are economically viable
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24 Apr 2008, 14:55
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Sentence has parallel comparison issue: In contrast to X, Y
Eliminate A, B and C

Parallel Issue – to put … and remain – eliminate E

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

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24 Apr 2008, 15:37
thanks, i overlooked
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13 Sep 2010, 08:07
that take....to put.... remain.. D
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24 Sep 2011, 08:46
Maple wrote:
prasannar wrote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

eliminate b enabled does not agree with remaining
eliminate c enabled does not agree with remaining
eliminate d comparison not parallel should be "large plants that take" to "small mills (insert verb)"
eliminate e "remained" is in the past tense

A

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained economically viable.

Can we not have " have" omitted here? In that case, "E" will be OK.
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Test Description_______Date____Total___Quant_____ Verbal
GMAT PREP1_____________________610
GMAX online test 1____29.07.2011__540_____43________19
MGMAT CAT 1_________03.09.2011__580____42________28
MGMAT CAT 2_________02.10.2011__690____48________36
GMAX online test 2_____16.10.2011__640____48________32
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24 Sep 2011, 09:16
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Quote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained economically viable.

Can we not have " have" omitted here? In that case, "E" will be OK.

You can see the breakage of structural //ism in the colored part. If E has to be chosen as structurally and logically //, the correct version should be -- “have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) been able to remain economically viable. Instead we have passive voice on one side and active voice on the other. That is the reason D is better
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24 Sep 2011, 10:01
daagh wrote:
Quote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained economically viable.

Can we not have " have" omitted here? In that case, "E" will be OK.

You can see the breakage of structural //ism in the colored part. If E has to be chosen as structurally and logically //, the correct version should be -- “have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) been able to remain economically viable. Instead we have passive voice on one side and active voice on the other. That is the reason D is better

Hi Daagh,
I m feeling better now. +1 KUDO
But not completely clear about voice part. I think both part are in active voice.
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Test Description_______Date____Total___Quant_____ Verbal
GMAT PREP1_____________________610
GMAX online test 1____29.07.2011__540_____43________19
MGMAT CAT 1_________03.09.2011__580____42________28
MGMAT CAT 2_________02.10.2011__690____48________36
GMAX online test 2_____16.10.2011__640____48________32
MGMAT CAT 3_________23.11.2011__670____47________34
Veritas free CAT______ 31.10.2011___630___ 46________33
MGMAT CAT 4_________06.11.2011__690____48________36
MGMAT CAT 5_________13.11.2011__660____46________34
MGMAT CAT 6_________19.11.2011__680____51________33
GMAT PREP2__________23.11.2011__680
GMAT Exam___________24.11.2011__690____50________34

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30 Sep 2011, 10:37
prasannar wrote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

Splits-
1) modifier and comparison
"In contrast to large steel plants" we need small mills
So (A), (B) and (C) are out.

2) remain/remained
We should use "remain" because "small mills have been able to put capital into new technology" (present tense)
So (E) is out.

(D) wins.
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Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 21:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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18 Jan 2014, 11:53
AlbertNTN wrote:
E - || large plants... small mills, have been... (have) remained

Ans. D - || large plants... small mills, have been able to... remain

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.
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16 Feb 2014, 13:02
rohinipathi wrote:
that take....to put.... remain.. D

that take....to put.... remain..

How are they Parallel?
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Re: SC:Steel plant   [#permalink] 16 Feb 2014, 13:02

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