In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and

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04 Mar 2013, 22:02
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In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country. a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by$500 million as a result of record exports to that country.
b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million. c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by$500 million.
d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million. e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a$500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2013, 23:16
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A question of comparison! What is being compared is the trade imbalance of the US with those of China and Japan. It is improper to compare a trade imbalance or deficit with the some country. Except A, all other choices indulge in this mis-comparison. Hence A is the correct choice.
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Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2013, 23:59
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daagh wrote:
A question of comparison! What is being compared is the trade imbalance of the US with those of China and Japan. It is improper to compare a trade imbalance or deficit with the some country. Except A, all other choices indulge in this mis-comparison. Hence A is the correct choice.

+1 & Agree with u..only one question-
which is the right usage- compared with or compared to..??
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Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2013, 00:07
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Hi Pariearth,

Both can be correct, there is a subtle difference in usage.

Both prepositions, to and with, can be used following compare. Neither is more correct than the other, but a slight distinction can be made in meaning.

To has traditionally been preferred when the similarity between two things is the point of the comparison and compare means ‘liken’: I hesitate to compare my own works to those of someone like Dickens.

With, on the other hand, suggests that the differences between two things are as important as, if not more important than, the similarities: We compared the facilities available to most city-dwellers with those available to people living in the country; to compare like with like.

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09 Feb 2014, 17:01
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First look on what I wanted to test: Idiom (in contrast to x, y), comparison, misplaced modifier

a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country. Correct - the comparison doesn't match exactly the idiom, so I checked for a better answer. b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by$500 million. Wrong - illogical comparison: trade imbalances and United States

c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million. Wrong - "When compared" is not idiomatic. "Reducing their trade deficit" is so appealing that it's a trap sentence. d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by$500 million. Wrong - "Compared with" is not idiomatic.

e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country. Wrong - illogical comparison, same as above. IMO A GMAT Club Legend Joined: 01 Oct 2013 Posts: 10444 Followers: 887 Kudos [?]: 192 [0], given: 0 Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Mar 2015, 16:17 Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. Intern Joined: 11 Sep 2014 Posts: 17 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 1 Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 15 Apr 2015, 09:05 plumber250 wrote: Hi Pariearth, Both can be correct, there is a subtle difference in usage. Both prepositions, to and with, can be used following compare. Neither is more correct than the other, but a slight distinction can be made in meaning. To has traditionally been preferred when the similarity between two things is the point of the comparison and compare means ‘liken’: I hesitate to compare my own works to those of someone like Dickens. With, on the other hand, suggests that the differences between two things are as important as, if not more important than, the similarities: We compared the facilities available to most city-dwellers with those available to people living in the country; to compare like with like. US trade deficit with Maxico was declined/ declined...?? which one is correct verb Intern Joined: 31 Jan 2016 Posts: 11 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 2 Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Feb 2016, 12:32 If you ask me, there's a couple of errors that haven't been mentioned: a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by$500 million as a result of record exports to that country.
Could be correct, although sounds complicated. It's worthwhile noticing that an "ongoing trade imbalance" is being compared to a "declining trade imbalance", so at least the comparison is apples to apples. Let's see other alternatives - CORRECT BY DISCARDING THE REST

b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by $500 million. Firstly, I'm not sure the US can sell "record exports". You can achieve record exports, your current year's exports sales could be record, but selling record exports is misleading. Also, the first part of the comparison (the trade imbalances with China and Japan) is being compared to what the US did (selling record exports), not to another trade imbalance/balance. c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by$500 million.
When compared with sounds awful, as a general rule use "when compared to" and "in comparison with". Again the selling "record exports". Again the comparison between a trade imbalance and a record sale (apples with oranges)

d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by $500 million. Again "with" instead of "to". Also, again apples and oranges. And yet again, "selling records" e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a$500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country.
Now the "to" is correct, but it's now missing a "the" -> "Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances...". Also, again "selling records" and "apples and oranges".

So, despite being a tricky phrase, A) is still the most correct.
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03 Feb 2016, 18:02
Tabur wrote:
If you ask me, there's a couple of errors that haven't been mentioned:

a. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million as a result of record exports to that country. Could be correct, although sounds complicated. It's worthwhile noticing that an "ongoing trade imbalance" is being compared to a "declining trade imbalance", so at least the comparison is apples to apples. Let's see other alternatives - CORRECT BY DISCARDING THE REST b. In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by$500 million.
Firstly, I'm not sure the US can sell "record exports". You can achieve record exports, your current year's exports sales could be record, but selling record exports is misleading. Also, the first part of the comparison (the trade imbalances with China and Japan) is being compared to what the US did (selling record exports), not to another trade imbalance/balance.

c. When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by $500 million. When compared with sounds awful, as a general rule use "when compared to" and "in comparison with". Again the selling "record exports". Again the comparison between a trade imbalance and a record sale (apples with oranges) d. Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by$500 million.
Again "with" instead of "to". Also, again apples and oranges. And yet again, "selling records"

e. Compared to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico caused a $500 million decline in the trade deficit of that country. Now the "to" is correct, but it's now missing a "the" -> "Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances...". Also, again "selling records" and "apples and oranges". So, despite being a tricky phrase, A) is still the most correct. Moreover, I find that country ambiguous. Unless one knows what trade deficit means, it is difficult to determine whether that country refers to United States or to Mexico. I also have serious doubt about the usage imbalances with China and Japan ; imbalances between China and Japan would probably be better. Retired Moderator Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying Joined: 19 Feb 2007 Posts: 3623 Location: India WE: Education (Education) Followers: 689 Kudos [?]: 5381 [1] , given: 321 Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Feb 2016, 19:42 1 This post received KUDOS Quote: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by$500 million because of record exports to that country.

The intended meaning here is that the trade imbalance with china and the imbalance with Japan were enlarging while the imbalance with Mexico declined due to record exports. Otherwise, the contrast will not hold water in the given context. Therefore, the trade imbalance of the US with other countries is under consideration here and not the trade imbalances between China and Japan, which is of no importance to the US.
Secondly, when exports hit the roof to a particular country, the imbalance with that county alone goes down. Therefore, as the text has indicated, the imbalance with Mexico has declined, implying that the exports to Mexico drove the imbalances down and not to some other country, be it Japan or China.

Takeaway: The intended meaning may not be explicit in higher level meaning –based questions.
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04 Feb 2016, 04:56
daagh wrote:
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In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by $500 million because of record exports to that country. The intended meaning here is that the trade imbalance with china and the imbalance with Japan were enlarging while the imbalance with Mexico declined due to record exports. Otherwise, the contrast will not hold water in the given context. Therefore, the trade imbalance of the US with other countries is under consideration here and not the trade imbalances between China and Japan, which is of no importance to the US. Secondly, when exports hit the roof to a particular country, the imbalance with that county alone goes down. Therefore, as the text has indicated, the imbalance with Mexico has declined, implying that the exports to Mexico drove the imbalances down and not to some other country, be it Japan or China. Takeaway: The intended meaning may not be explicit in higher level meaning –based questions. Hi daagh, you are bang on with the explanation here. Also the usage trade imbalances with C and J..., DEficit with mexico follows parallelism in two clauses.. _________________ Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372 Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html Verbal Expert Joined: 14 Dec 2013 Posts: 1962 Location: Germany Schools: HHL Leipzig GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47 Followers: 306 Kudos [?]: 1274 [0], given: 20 Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 04 Feb 2016, 06:38 chetan2u wrote: daagh wrote: Quote: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by$500 million because of record exports to that country.

The intended meaning here is that the trade imbalance with china and the imbalance with Japan were enlarging while the imbalance with Mexico declined due to record exports. Otherwise, the contrast will not hold water in the given context. Therefore, the trade imbalance of the US with other countries is under consideration here and not the trade imbalances between China and Japan, which is of no importance to the US.
Secondly, when exports hit the roof to a particular country, the imbalance with that county alone goes down. Therefore, as the text has indicated, the imbalance with Mexico has declined, implying that the exports to Mexico drove the imbalances down and not to some other country, be it Japan or China.

Takeaway: The intended meaning may not be explicit in higher level meaning –based questions.

Hi daagh,
you are bang on with the explanation here.
Also the usage trade imbalances with C and J..., DEficit with mexico follows parallelism in two clauses..

daagh, .... yes very crisp and clear explanation indeed. Thanks for the explanation.
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04 Feb 2016, 11:51
Chetan and Sayanth
Welcome and thanks
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05 Feb 2016, 01:11
daagh wrote:
Quote:
In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by \$500 million because of record exports to that country.

The intended meaning here is that the trade imbalance with china and the imbalance with Japan were enlarging while the imbalance with Mexico declined due to record exports. Otherwise, the contrast will not hold water in the given context. Therefore, the trade imbalance of the US with other countries is under consideration here and not the trade imbalances between China and Japan, which is of no importance to the US.
Secondly, when exports hit the roof to a particular country, the imbalance with that county alone goes down. Therefore, as the text has indicated, the imbalance with Mexico has declined, implying that the exports to Mexico drove the imbalances down and not to some other country, be it Japan or China.

Takeaway: The intended meaning may not be explicit in higher level meaning –based questions.

Hi daagh,

well respected explanation.

Thanks a lot
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05 Feb 2016, 07:26
sayantanc2k wrote:
Moreover, I find that country ambiguous.

But option A, the correct answer, also uses "that country". And this seems to be a GMATPrep question. So, looks like this is accecptable.
Re: In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2016, 07:26
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