In countries where automobile insurance includes : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 19 Jan 2017, 21:10

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In countries where automobile insurance includes

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2010
Posts: 232
Location: India
WE 1: 6 Year, Telecom(GSM)
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 251 [11] , given: 21

In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Oct 2010, 03:52
11
KUDOS
51
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (02:32) correct 51% (01:35) wrong based on 2226 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
(E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by reto on 10 Oct 2015, 09:28, edited 1 time in total.
format and style
If you have any questions
New!
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jun 2009
Posts: 333
Location: USA
WE 1: Engineering
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 75 [5] , given: 0

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Oct 2010, 06:22
5
KUDOS
ankitranjan wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries
sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as
frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered
. Presently, no objective test for
whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identifi ed.
Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.
Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based
on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts;
the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument
provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim
presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that fi nding.
(E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence
presented to establish that the finding is accurate.

Consider KUDOS if You Like this Question.

D

Just before the latter bold face, it is stated - Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.. "These Facts" refer to the facts associated with the first bold face portion. It clearly says that the first bold face should not be used to draw conclusion about blah blah blah .......... then presenting the second bold face portion. Hence, (D).
_________________

All things are possible to those who believe.

Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 175
WE 1: 4 years Software Product Development
WE 2: 3 years ERP Consulting
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 15

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Oct 2010, 06:40
D for me
_________________

Manager
Joined: 17 Apr 2010
Posts: 108
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 12

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Oct 2010, 17:07
D for me too
Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Apr 2009
Posts: 339
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 122 [0], given: 14

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Oct 2010, 19:29
Agree with D , whats OA
_________________

SVP
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 1672
Location: United States (IN)
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
Followers: 33

Kudos [?]: 514 [0], given: 36

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Apr 2011, 00:15
_________________

Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant)

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 649
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 219 [0], given: 51

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Apr 2011, 04:10
D. fairly simple
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

VP
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1353
Followers: 17

Kudos [?]: 240 [1] , given: 10

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jun 2011, 21:14
1
KUDOS
D it is.
claim1,conclusion 1,main conclusion(against con-1),claim2 ... is the structure.
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10534
Followers: 918

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 0

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Oct 2013, 09:48
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 328
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 23

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2014, 14:39
What would you guys say the conclusion is here? I'm torn between two:

"Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious."

or.

"Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered."
Intern
Joined: 19 Jul 2014
Posts: 7
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 32

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Aug 2014, 17:43
OA is A guys. I put down D at first too. Source: GMATPREP
Manager
Joined: 22 Feb 2009
Posts: 229
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 132 [3] , given: 148

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2014, 02:34
3
KUDOS
Wes Z wrote:
OA is A guys. I put down D at first too. Source: GMATPREP

No, OA is D. Source: Office Guide

Here is the official explanation

A The claim made in the first boldfaced portion is never disputed in the argument; at dispute is how
to account for the fact that this claim is true. The second is not the argument’s conclusion.
B In a manner of speaking, perhaps, the argument uses the first portion to support its conclusion;
but there is no indication that it has been used elsewhere to do so. In any case, the second
boldfaced portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
C The first has been used to support a conclusion that the argument rejects; the second boldfaced
portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
D Correct. This option correctly identifies the roles played in the argument by the boldfaced portions.
E The accuracy of the first boldfaced portion is never questioned in the argument; nor is the second
intended to somehow help show that the first is accurate. Rather, the argument assumes that the
first portion is accurate.
_________________

.........................................................................
+1 Kudos please, if you like my post

Intern
Joined: 23 Feb 2014
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 53

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2014, 05:26
Strange !!!!!!!!!!
Same question in GMAT OG 13 has OA as D.
Director
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 608
Location: Germany
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GPA: 3.88
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 266 [5] , given: 200

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2014, 01:23
5
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi, my choice was also D. But can some one explain it with a methodical approach. Which part is here a conclusion etc.
Below you can find my solution, please comment if there are some mistakes in the logic.

In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries
sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as
frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered.
--> is a fact

Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. --> Author's opinion

Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. --> Conclusion

Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.
--> Premise: supports the conclusion drawn by the author, which argue against deriving certain implications from the finding (Fact)
_________________

When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are.

800Score ONLY QUANT CAT1 51, CAT2 50, CAT3 50
GMAT PREP 670
MGMAT CAT 630
KAPLAN CAT 660

Manager
Joined: 26 May 2014
Posts: 96
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, General Management
Schools: HKUST '15, ISB '15
GMAT Date: 12-26-2014
GPA: 3
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 94 [2] , given: 43

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Sep 2014, 00:50
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
BrainLab wrote:
Hi, my choice was also D. But can some one explain it with a methodical approach. Which part is here a conclusion etc.
Below you can find my solution, please comment if there are some mistakes in the logic.

In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries
sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as
frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered.
--> is a fact

Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. --> Author's opinion

Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.

Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.[/b]

Hi,

Ron from ManhattanGmat explained the methodical approach taking this example only.You can check this .
Crux is we need to apply a THEREFORE test to find the conclusion.
I believe you have confusion in below two statements that one is conclusion and one is supporting the conclusion.
Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.

Can be rephrased as: Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious.

Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

Can be rephrased as: People have little incentive to report whiplash injuries.

As per the THEREFORE test, Try applying THEREFORE in front of one statement at a time and see which makes sense.
So lets try :
Case 1 : Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious.Therefore, People have little incentive to report whiplash injuries.

Case 2 : People have little incentive to report whiplash injuries.Therefore, Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious.

Clearly Case 2 makes sense.So, Commentators are wrong is the ....is the conclusion.
Attachments

GMAT_CR_BOLDFACE_nomenclature.png [ 361.19 KiB | Viewed 20497 times ]

_________________

Success has been and continues to be defined as Getting up one more time than you have been knocked down.

Current Student
Joined: 26 Aug 2014
Posts: 827
Concentration: Marketing
GMAT 1: 680 Q V
GPA: 3.4
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 159 [1] , given: 98

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2014, 13:48
1
KUDOS
I think folks arguing about the answer are not looking at the question properly. In GMATPREP 1 different parts of this paragraph are highlighted and the A-E options are different (answer to GP1 is A - but it means something else)
Director
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 608
Location: Germany
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GPA: 3.88
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 266 [0], given: 200

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Apr 2015, 13:04
My colnclusion
--> Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.

--> read carefully wich part have I marked as a conclusion - the same part Can be rephrased as: Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious. --> Conclusion
_________________

When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are.

800Score ONLY QUANT CAT1 51, CAT2 50, CAT3 50
GMAT PREP 670
MGMAT CAT 630
KAPLAN CAT 660

Intern
Joined: 07 Oct 2014
Posts: 28
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 44

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2015, 23:52
Wes Z wrote:
OA is A guys. I put down D at first too. Source: GMATPREP

No, OA is D. Source: Office Guide

Here is the official explanation

A The claim made in the first boldfaced portion is never disputed in the argument; at dispute is how
to account for the fact that this claim is true. The second is not the argument’s conclusion.
B In a manner of speaking, perhaps, the argument uses the first portion to support its conclusion;
but there is no indication that it has been used elsewhere to do so. In any case, the second
boldfaced portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
C The first has been used to support a conclusion that the argument rejects; the second boldfaced
portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
D Correct. This option correctly identifies the roles played in the argument by the boldfaced portions.
E The accuracy of the first boldfaced portion is never questioned in the argument; nor is the second
intended to somehow help show that the first is accurate. Rather, the argument assumes that the
first portion is accurate.

Hi,

I was just reviewing the GMAT Prep question bank and it has a similar question.

In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash
injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries
are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Some
commentators have argued, correctly, that since there is presently no objective test for
whiplash
, spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. These
commentators are, however, wrong to draw the further conclusion that in the countries
with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious
:
clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for
whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually
have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is evidence that has been used t support a conclusion that the argument criticizes; the second is that conclusion.
(B) The first is evidence that has been used t support a conclusion that the argument criticizes; the second is the position that the argument defends.
(C) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is the position that the argument defends.
(D) The first is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument defends; the second is the position that the argument opposes.
(E) The first presents a claim that is disputed in the argument; the second is a conclusion that has been drawn on the basis of that claim.

[Reveal] Spoiler:

I was confused between the option C&D, but the correct answer mentioned is A. Please let me know if anyone can help me out with this.

Thanks.
Optimus Prep Instructor
Joined: 06 Nov 2014
Posts: 1782
Followers: 51

Kudos [?]: 393 [0], given: 21

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2015, 09:55
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
Since the first boldfaced portion is not a claim, eliminate A and B. The argument is against the conclusion that the reports are all spurious.
(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument. The argument doesn't provide further evidence. Rather, it contradicts it.
(D) The first is a finding (There are more whiplash reports in countries where whiplash is covered.) whose implications (Many people may provide spurious reports.)are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim (Maybe the incidence of whiplash is the same but people have less incentive to report it where it isn't covered.) presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
(E) The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate. The second is more of a claim than evidence.
_________________

# Janielle Williams

Customer Support

Special Offer: $80-100/hr. Online Private Tutoring GMAT On Demand Course$299
Free Online Trial Hour

Current Student
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 939
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Followers: 134

Kudos [?]: 843 [0], given: 546

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jun 2015, 20:49
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

Lets understand the different parts of the argument
1) In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered ->
This is a fact as this can be verified.

2) Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified ->
This is a claim based on the reasoning provided

3) Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.
This is main conclusion of the argument

4) Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.
This is the supporting argument which supports the argument

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
1st BF is a observation and it is not a claim.
2nd BF is not the conclusion but a support for a conclusion

(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
1st BF is a observation and it is not a claim.
2nd BF is not the conclusion but a support for a conclusion

(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
1st BF is the observation and whole argument is trying to evaluate that observation
2nd BF is not the conclusion but a support of the conclusion

(D) The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
Correct as 1st BF is a finding which is is evaluated in the argument which is same as saying whose implications are at issue in the argument
and as 2nd BF is supporting the argument by refuting the previous conclusion - "these facts do not warrant the conclusion"

(E) The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.
1st BF is not a finding whose accuracy is evaluated. The observation is taken as true but the conclusion is evaluated in the argument
2nd BF is not supporting the 1st BF finding. It is supporting the conclusion that "these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn ...blah blah"
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal

My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961
Prodigy for Tepper - CMU : http://bit.ly/cmuloan-kd

Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2015, 20:49

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 23 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
In countries where automobile insurance includes 8 30 Nov 2008, 00:20
1 In countries where automobile insurance includes 6 15 Jun 2008, 18:22
In countries where automobile insurance includes 4 13 May 2008, 06:31
In countries where automobile insurance includes 4 13 May 2008, 06:29
In countries where automobile insurance includes 5 14 Oct 2007, 19:50
Display posts from previous: Sort by