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# In countries where automobile insurance includes

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In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2010, 04:52
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In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
(E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by reto on 10 Oct 2015, 10:28, edited 1 time in total.
format and style
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2010, 07:22
5
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ankitranjan wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries
sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as
frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered
. Presently, no objective test for
whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identifi ed.
Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.
Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based
on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts;
the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument
provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim
presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that fi nding.
(E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence
presented to establish that the finding is accurate.

Consider KUDOS if You Like this Question.

D

Just before the latter bold face, it is stated - Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.. "These Facts" refer to the facts associated with the first bold face portion. It clearly says that the first bold face should not be used to draw conclusion about blah blah blah .......... then presenting the second bold face portion. Hence, (D).
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2010, 07:40
D for me
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2010, 18:07
D for me too
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2010, 20:29
Agree with D , whats OA
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2011, 01:15
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2011, 05:10
D. fairly simple
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2011, 22:14
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D it is.
claim1,conclusion 1,main conclusion(against con-1),claim2 ... is the structure.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2013, 10:48
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2014, 15:39
What would you guys say the conclusion is here? I'm torn between two:

"Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious."

or.

"Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered."
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2014, 18:43
OA is A guys. I put down D at first too. Source: GMATPREP
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2014, 03:34
3
KUDOS
Wes Z wrote:
OA is A guys. I put down D at first too. Source: GMATPREP

No, OA is D. Source: Office Guide

Here is the official explanation

A The claim made in the first boldfaced portion is never disputed in the argument; at dispute is how
to account for the fact that this claim is true. The second is not the argument’s conclusion.
B In a manner of speaking, perhaps, the argument uses the first portion to support its conclusion;
but there is no indication that it has been used elsewhere to do so. In any case, the second
boldfaced portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
C The first has been used to support a conclusion that the argument rejects; the second boldfaced
portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
D Correct. This option correctly identifies the roles played in the argument by the boldfaced portions.
E The accuracy of the first boldfaced portion is never questioned in the argument; nor is the second
intended to somehow help show that the first is accurate. Rather, the argument assumes that the
first portion is accurate.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2014, 06:26
Strange !!!!!!!!!!
Same question in GMAT OG 13 has OA as D.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2014, 02:23
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Hi, my choice was also D. But can some one explain it with a methodical approach. Which part is here a conclusion etc.
Below you can find my solution, please comment if there are some mistakes in the logic.

In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries
sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as
frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered.
--> is a fact

Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. --> Author's opinion

Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. --> Conclusion

Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.
--> Premise: supports the conclusion drawn by the author, which argue against deriving certain implications from the finding (Fact)
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2014, 01:50
2
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BrainLab wrote:
Hi, my choice was also D. But can some one explain it with a methodical approach. Which part is here a conclusion etc.
Below you can find my solution, please comment if there are some mistakes in the logic.

In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries
sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as
frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered.
--> is a fact

Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. --> Author's opinion

Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.

Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.[/b]

Hi,

Ron from ManhattanGmat explained the methodical approach taking this example only.You can check this .
Crux is we need to apply a THEREFORE test to find the conclusion.
I believe you have confusion in below two statements that one is conclusion and one is supporting the conclusion.
Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.

Can be rephrased as: Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious.

Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash,
people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

Can be rephrased as: People have little incentive to report whiplash injuries.

As per the THEREFORE test, Try applying THEREFORE in front of one statement at a time and see which makes sense.
So lets try :
Case 1 : Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious.Therefore, People have little incentive to report whiplash injuries.

Case 2 : People have little incentive to report whiplash injuries.Therefore, Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious.

Clearly Case 2 makes sense.So, Commentators are wrong is the ....is the conclusion.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2014, 14:48
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I think folks arguing about the answer are not looking at the question properly. In GMATPREP 1 different parts of this paragraph are highlighted and the A-E options are different (answer to GP1 is A - but it means something else)
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2015, 14:04
My colnclusion
--> Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the
countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.

--> read carefully wich part have I marked as a conclusion - the same part Can be rephrased as: Commentators are wrong in reaching their conclusion that half of the reported cases are spurious. --> Conclusion
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2015, 00:52
Wes Z wrote:
OA is A guys. I put down D at first too. Source: GMATPREP

No, OA is D. Source: Office Guide

Here is the official explanation

A The claim made in the first boldfaced portion is never disputed in the argument; at dispute is how
to account for the fact that this claim is true. The second is not the argument’s conclusion.
B In a manner of speaking, perhaps, the argument uses the first portion to support its conclusion;
but there is no indication that it has been used elsewhere to do so. In any case, the second
boldfaced portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
C The first has been used to support a conclusion that the argument rejects; the second boldfaced
portion is not the argument’s conclusion.
D Correct. This option correctly identifies the roles played in the argument by the boldfaced portions.
E The accuracy of the first boldfaced portion is never questioned in the argument; nor is the second
intended to somehow help show that the first is accurate. Rather, the argument assumes that the
first portion is accurate.

Hi,

I was just reviewing the GMAT Prep question bank and it has a similar question.

In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash
injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries
are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Some
commentators have argued, correctly, that since there is presently no objective test for
whiplash
, spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. These
commentators are, however, wrong to draw the further conclusion that in the countries
with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious
:
clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for
whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually
have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is evidence that has been used t support a conclusion that the argument criticizes; the second is that conclusion.
(B) The first is evidence that has been used t support a conclusion that the argument criticizes; the second is the position that the argument defends.
(C) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is the position that the argument defends.
(D) The first is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument defends; the second is the position that the argument opposes.
(E) The first presents a claim that is disputed in the argument; the second is a conclusion that has been drawn on the basis of that claim.

[Reveal] Spoiler:

I was confused between the option C&D, but the correct answer mentioned is A. Please let me know if anyone can help me out with this.

Thanks.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2015, 10:55
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
Since the first boldfaced portion is not a claim, eliminate A and B. The argument is against the conclusion that the reports are all spurious.
(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument. The argument doesn't provide further evidence. Rather, it contradicts it.
(D) The first is a finding (There are more whiplash reports in countries where whiplash is covered.) whose implications (Many people may provide spurious reports.)are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim (Maybe the incidence of whiplash is the same but people have less incentive to report it where it isn't covered.) presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
(E) The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate. The second is more of a claim than evidence.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2015, 21:49
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

Lets understand the different parts of the argument
1) In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered ->
This is a fact as this can be verified.

2) Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified ->
This is a claim based on the reasoning provided

3) Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.
This is main conclusion of the argument

4) Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.
This is the supporting argument which supports the argument

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
1st BF is a observation and it is not a claim.
2nd BF is not the conclusion but a support for a conclusion

(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
1st BF is a observation and it is not a claim.
2nd BF is not the conclusion but a support for a conclusion

(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
1st BF is the observation and whole argument is trying to evaluate that observation
2nd BF is not the conclusion but a support of the conclusion

(D) The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
Correct as 1st BF is a finding which is is evaluated in the argument which is same as saying whose implications are at issue in the argument
and as 2nd BF is supporting the argument by refuting the previous conclusion - "these facts do not warrant the conclusion"

(E) The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.
1st BF is not a finding whose accuracy is evaluated. The observation is taken as true but the conclusion is evaluated in the argument
2nd BF is not supporting the 1st BF finding. It is supporting the conclusion that "these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn ...blah blah"
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2015, 21:49

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