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In countries where automobile insurance includes

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In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2008, 18:22
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A
B
C
D
E

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0% (00:00) correct 100% (02:28) wrong based on 5 sessions
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. -- Some commentators have argued, correctly, that since there is presently no objective test for whiplash, --spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannt be readily identified. -- These commentatores are , however, wrong to draw the further conclusion that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious: cleary, in countries where automobile insurece does not include compensation for whiplash, people oftehn have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portion play which of the following roles?

The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion drawn to support the judgement reached by the argument on the accuracy of that finding.

The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence that has been used to challenge the accuracy of that finding.

The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument critizizes

The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a narrower claim that the argument accepts.

The first is a claim that hsa been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
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Re: CR - Bold face [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2008, 18:38
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alimad wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. -- Some commentators have argued, correctly, that since there is presently no objective test for whiplash, --spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannt be readily identified. -- These commentatores are , however, wrong to draw the further conclusion that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious: cleary, in countries where automobile insurece does not include compensation for whiplash, people oftehn have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portion play which of the following roles?

The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion drawn to support the judgement reached by the argument on the accuracy of that finding.

The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence that has been used to challenge the accuracy of that finding.

The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument critizizes

The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a narrower claim that the argument accepts.

The first is a claim that hsa been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.


The first BF is a finding, so D and E out
The second BF is a intermediate conclusion, so B out
After the second BF is a main conclusion that the author criticises, so A out

C
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Re: CR - Bold face [#permalink] New post 15 Jun 2008, 18:42
C

first is a factual report finding, not a claim. so rule out d and e

rule out A because the accuracy of the finding is not in dispute. the second statement does not support the judgment.

rule out B because the accuracy of the finding is not in dispute. Also because the second statement is an opinion, not evidence.
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Re: CR - Bold face [#permalink] New post 18 Jun 2008, 12:14
sondenso wrote:
alimad wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. -- Some commentators have argued, correctly, that since there is presently no objective test for whiplash, --spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannt be readily identified. -- These commentatores are , however, wrong to draw the further conclusion that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious: cleary, in countries where automobile insurece does not include compensation for whiplash, people oftehn have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portion play which of the following roles?

The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion drawn to support the judgement reached by the argument on the accuracy of that finding.

The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence that has been used to challenge the accuracy of that finding.

The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument critizizes

The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a narrower claim that the argument accepts.

The first is a claim that hsa been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.


The first BF is a finding, so D and E out
The second BF is a intermediate conclusion, so B out
After the second BF is a main conclusion that the author criticises, so A out

C


i chose A at first, but noticed the subtle difference between A and C.
A states that the conclusion is given by the author, whereas C states that the conclusion is by someone else (commentator) that the author is trying to refute....

good one. whats the oA?

Also, what is the definition of a 'claim'?
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Re: CR - Bold face [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2011, 04:47
Why is this not B?
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Re: CR - Bold face [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2011, 04:48
The first bold face states something, the second bold face introduces an argument, so B?/
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Re: CR - Bold face [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2011, 11:37
C is correct

Answer is not B because:
B- "The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence that has been used to challenge the accuracy of that finding."
The second BF is not accurately described by choice B. "--spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannt be readily identified" is a conclusion that commentators have drawn from the information presented in the first BF portion (in this case it is an intermediary conclusion as it is not the main conclusion of the authors arguement). The commentators are not 'challenging' the accuracy of the first BF portion, just providing an explanation as to why these findings are so

Hope that helped
Re: CR - Bold face   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2011, 11:37
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