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# In countries where automobile insurance includes

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In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 00:20
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In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash
injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries
are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered
.
Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of
whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant
a conclusion that has been drawn by some commentators
: that in the countries with
the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.
Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for
whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually
have suffered.
In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
A. The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has
been based on that claim.
B. The first is claim that has been used to support a position that the argument
accepts; the second is a position that the argument rejects.
C. The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is
the judgment reached by the argument concerning the accuracy of the finding.
D. The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second
is the judgment reached by the argument concerning one alleged implication.
E. The first is a finding, the explanation of which is at issue in the argument; the
second is an objection that has been raised against the explanation that the
argument defends.
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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 00:40
I thonk D.
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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 03:13
Hi guys,

IMO E

A and B out because the first part is a finding.

C and D out because of the explanation of the second part

OA and Source?

Thanks
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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 04:17
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash
injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries
are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered.
Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of
whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant
a conclusion that has been drawn by some commentators: that in the countries with
the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.
Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for
whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually
have suffered.
In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
A. The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has
been based on that claim.
B. The first is claim that has been used to support a position that the argument
accepts; the second is a position that the argument rejects.
C. The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is
the judgment reached by the argument concerning the accuracy of the finding.
D. The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second
is the judgment reached by the argument concerning one alleged implication.
E. The first is a finding, the explanation of which is at issue in the argument; the
second is an objection that has been raised against the explanation that the
argument defends.

The first isn't a claim, A,B - out
the first is not a finding whose accuracy is evaluated; it is just an information presented in the premise, C - out
The second is the judgment, not the objection to the argument. Thus, D is a correct answer
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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 06:13
D for me as well, for the same reasons.
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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 07:38
C.
the first is never a claim, its an evidence /finding.
so A,B are out.
the second bold face is connected to the first in the sense that it rejects a position made by some commentators thus acting to approve the position of the first bold-face. hence (C).
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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 11:27
D.

It appears to be clear that A and B are out as the first part is not a claim.

vivektripathi wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered.

Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified.

Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant a conclusion that has been drawn by some commentators: that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious.

Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
A. The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has
been based on that claim.
B. The first is claim that has been used to support a position that the argument
accepts; the second is a position that the argument rejects.
C. The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is
the judgment reached by the argument concerning the accuracy of the finding.

The accuracy of the information in the first bold is never questioned. If it were questioned, the passage should bring up evidence to dispute that reports of whiplash are twice as frequent, but no such evidence is presented. C is not correct.

D. The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second
is the judgment reached by the argument concerning one alleged implication.

E. The first is a finding, the explanation of which is at issue in the argument; the second is an objection that has been raised against the explanation that the
argument defends.

The first is definitely a finding, but is the explanation of this finding at issue in the argument? What really is at issue in the argument? The order of information presented by this paragraph is what makes it all confusing.
Sentence 1: Pure facts and findings. No conclusion or argument presented; just facts.
Sentence 2: Sarts with a finding, that no objective test exists, and then concludes that because no objective test exists, that spurious reports (false reports) cannot be easily identified.
Sentence 3: Presents a conclusion drawn by some commentators, but then states the conclusion is not supported (presumably unsupported by Setence #1).
Sentence 4: A conclusion that without getting insurance money for the whiplash, there is no reason to report that injury.

This kind of makes it confusing, because it seems we have a lot of conclusions in the statement. I think E is wrong, because the explanation of the finding is at issue in the argument. This is not really true. It states in bold "the conclusion which has been drawn..." this objects to the implication, not the explanation. As such, D is the more accurate response, in my opinion.

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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  30 Nov 2008, 13:29
As most of you have eliminated I was able get rid of A & B quickly and then C.

Now between D & E, I eliminated E because the BF2 is what the argument's judgment is. It is just simply not an objection. The word nevertheless signifies that.
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Re: CR - BoldFaced [#permalink]  01 Dec 2008, 09:37
icandy wrote:
As most of you have eliminated I was able get rid of A & B quickly and then C.

Now between D & E, I eliminated E because the BF2 is what the argument's judgment is. It is just simply not an objection. The word nevertheless signifies that.

OA is D
Re: CR - BoldFaced   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2008, 09:37
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