In countries where automobile insurance includes : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# In countries where automobile insurance includes

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In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2009, 19:33
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In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
(E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate

OA and OE will follow later.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by JarvisR on 06 Jul 2015, 22:18, edited 1 time in total.
OA updated
If you have any questions
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24 Sep 2009, 22:17
IMO B?
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25 Sep 2009, 03:28
my ans = c
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25 Sep 2009, 11:29
I think B.
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26 Sep 2009, 19:38
OA is D.

OE: Reported whiplash injuries are twice as common in countries where car insurance
companies pay compensation for such injuries as they are in countries where insurance
companies do not. Although there is no objective test for whiplash, this does not mean,
as some suggest, that half of the reports of such injuries are fake. It could simply be that
where insurance will not pay for such injuries, people are less inclined to report them.

Reasoning: What roles do the two boldfaced portions play in the argument? Th e fi rst portion tells us about
the correlation between reported cases of whiplash in countries and the willingness of
insurance companies in those countries to compensate for whiplash injuries. Th e argument
next states that whiplash is diffi cult to objectively verify. Th e argument then asserts that
although this last fact, taken together with the fi rst boldfaced portion, has led some to infer
that over half of the reported cases in countries with the highest whiplash rates are spurious,
such an inference is unwarranted. Th e second boldfaced portion then helps to explain why
such an inference is not necessarily warranted by off ering an alternative explanation.
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12 Sep 2011, 07:59
IMO D...
A and B can be rejected because first is not a claim...
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2012, 08:57
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The second boldface in non the conclusion (note clearly as word in front of)....so suddenly A B C are out

beween D and E we have : reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries .................people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

So the second one is against the first one. D wins

What is the level of this question ???
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2015, 22:57
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Expert's post
getmba wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.
(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
(D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.
(E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate

OA and OE will follow later.

Responding to a pm:

The answer is (D) and not just by using POE but it makes perfect sense (also, it is an official question and the answers in those are not debatable)

Let's write the argument in our own words:

Some countries do not have compensation for whiplash injuries. There, say x whiplash injuries are reported every year.
Other countries have compensation for whiplash injuries. There, 2x whiplash injuries are reported every year.
Now, don't jump to the conclusion that half the reported cases (the extra x) in these countries are spurious - they are there just to get compensation.
Consider that people will report whiplash only if there is a reason to report it.

The bold parts are red and blue. What roles do they play?

The red part gives us some data/finding.
Then the green part points out an implication that people derive from that data and that people should not derive it.
The blue part points out why the implication derived may not be warranted.

Option (D) says exactly this.
(D) The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument;
the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.

Do let me know if something is still unclear.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Manager Joined: 25 Sep 2015 Posts: 149 Location: United States GMAT 1: 700 Q V Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 72 Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Jan 2016, 21:11 1 This post was BOOKMARKED getmba wrote: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered. In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles? (A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim. (B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion. (C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument. (D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding. (E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate OA and OE will follow later. mikemcgarry VeritasPrepKarishma Is there any resource which can go through the set of indicators that helps in difficult boldface CR questions? Thanks in advance. Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7118 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2128 Kudos [?]: 13618 [0], given: 222 Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Jan 2016, 21:21 Expert's post 1 This post was BOOKMARKED rachitshah wrote: getmba wrote: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently, no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered. In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles? (A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim. (B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion. (C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument. (D) The first is a fi nding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding. (E) The first is a fi nding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate OA and OE will follow later. mikemcgarry VeritasPrepKarishma Is there any resource which can go through the set of indicators that helps in difficult boldface CR questions? Thanks in advance. Here are three posts on boldface questions: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2014/01 ... questions/ http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2015/05 ... questions/ http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/03 ... -the-gmat/ _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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18 Feb 2016, 21:16
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

Responding to a pm:

The answer is (D) and not just by using POE but it makes perfect sense (also, it is an official question and the answers in those are not debatable)

Let's write the argument in our own words:

Some countries do not have compensation for whiplash injuries. There, say x whiplash injuries are reported every year.
Other countries have compensation for whiplash injuries. There, 2x whiplash injuries are reported every year.
Now, don't jump to the conclusion that half the reported cases (the extra x) in these countries are spurious - they are there just to get compensation.
Consider that people will report whiplash only if there is a reason to report it.

The bold parts are red and blue. What roles do they play?

The red part gives us some data/finding.
Then the green part points out an implication that people derive from that data and that people should not derive it.
The blue part points out why the implication derived may not be warranted.

Option (D) says exactly this.
(D) The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument;
the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.

Do let me know if something is still unclear.

Can you please tell what is the conclusion?
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26 Mar 2016, 12:52
Please correct me if I'm wrong.

The conclusion is: Argument that 'in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious' is not justified because people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries in countries where automobile insurance does not cover whiplash injuries.

B is wrong because the highlighted portion in the end itself is not the conclusion.
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02 Sep 2016, 02:53
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Responding to a pm:

The answer is (D) and not just by using POE but it makes perfect sense (also, it is an official question and the answers in those are not debatable)

Let's write the argument in our own words:

Some countries do not have compensation for whiplash injuries. There, say x whiplash injuries are reported every year.
Other countries have compensation for whiplash injuries. There, 2x whiplash injuries are reported every year.
Now, don't jump to the conclusion that half the reported cases (the extra x) in these countries are spurious - they are there just to get compensation.
Consider that people will report whiplash only if there is a reason to report it.

The bold parts are red and blue. What roles do they play?

The red part gives us some data/finding.
Then the green part points out an implication that people derive from that data and that people should not derive it.
The blue part points out why the implication derived may not be warranted.

Option (D) says exactly this.
(D) The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument;
the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.

Do let me know if something is still unclear.

Hi Karishma, I was down to C and D.
Claim/Conclusion/Position/Judgement they are interchangeably used for a conclusion, Right?

In option C and D I think the words evidence and findings also can be used interchangeably, but there is so much going wrong there in option C.
(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.
First Part of Option C →
The first is evidence(or perhaps a finding) that has been used to support a conclusion(→ so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified; Infact this is an Intermediate conclusion) for which the argument provides further evidence;

for which the argument provides further evidence; This portion is the main culprit as the further argument is not in support of this, but against it or opposing it or contradicting it.

Does my analysis make sense to you?

(D) The first is a finding whose implications(= Conclusion = so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified.) are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications [= conclusion(intermediate one) = so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified.] from that finding.
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In countries where automobile insurance includes   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2016, 02:53
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