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In developed countries, such as the United States, the

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In developed countries, such as the United States, the [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2008, 19:56
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In developed countries, such as the United States, the percentage of the population diagnosed with clinical depression is much greater than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of the researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

1.Clinical depression is a genetically transmitted malady.
2.Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for depression is equal for residents of developing and developed countries.
3.Most activities characterized as “leisure time” in developed countries are inherently boring.
4.Certain medications that effectively treat clinical depression are not readily available in developing countries.
5.Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure. ow

In this Q the OA is B. Understandable. However when you apply the theory alternate causation the answer should be E.
Increased Leisure Time -----------------> Increased Depression (to negate this E seems to do the job)

Can anyone explain.
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Re: CR: MGMAT (increased depression) [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2008, 20:43
B

In order to make an accurate comparison, the conditions have to be equal.
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Re: CR: MGMAT (increased depression) [#permalink] New post 12 Jul 2008, 22:19
x97agarwal wrote:
In developed countries, such as the United States, the percentage of the population diagnosed with clinical depression is much greater than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of the researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

1.Clinical depression is a genetically transmitted malady.
2.Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for depression is equal for residents of developing and developed countries.
3.Most activities characterized as “leisure time” in developed countries are inherently boring.
4.Certain medications that effectively treat clinical depression are not readily available in developing countries.
5.Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure. ow

In this Q the OA is B. Understandable. However when you apply the theory alternate causation the answer should be E.
Increased Leisure Time -----------------> Increased Depression (to negate this E seems to do the job)

Can anyone explain.


B is the correct answer.

IMO E weakens the conclusion. negating E gives
NO Increased Depression -----------> No leisure time
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Re: CR: MGMAT (increased depression) [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2008, 02:28
A survey of New York City residents in the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks found high levels of both depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among respondents and documented an increase in substance abuse. The survey, conducted by NIDA-funded researchers Dr. David Vlahov and his colleagues at the New York Academy of Medicine 5 to 8 weeks after the terrorist attacks, quantifies the relationships among stress, depression, and substance abuse. The results provide insight into public health service delivery needs as well as clues to effective treatment strategies to help individuals cope with traumatic events.

Arjun

Clinical Depression
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Re: CR: MGMAT (increased depression) [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2008, 02:40
x97agarwal wrote:
In developed countries, such as the United States, the percentage of the population diagnosed with clinical depression is much greater than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of the researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

1.Clinical depression is a genetically transmitted malady.
2.Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for depression is equal for residents of developing and developed countries.
3.Most activities characterized as “leisure time” in developed countries are inherently boring.
4.Certain medications that effectively treat clinical depression are not readily available in developing countries.
5.Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure. ow

In this Q the OA is B. Understandable. However when you apply the theory alternate causation the answer should be E.
Increased Leisure Time -----------------> Increased Depression (to negate this E seems to do the job)

Can anyone explain.


There are many assumptions for this argument. B is one of them.
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Re: CR: MGMAT (increased depression) [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2008, 04:19
x97agarwal wrote:
In developed countries, such as the United States, the percentage of the population diagnosed with clinical depression is much greater than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of the researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

1.Clinical depression is a genetically transmitted malady.
2.Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for depression is equal for residents of developing and developed countries.
3.Most activities characterized as “leisure time” in developed countries are inherently boring.
4.Certain medications that effectively treat clinical depression are not readily available in developing countries.
5.Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure. ow

In this Q the OA is B. Understandable. However when you apply the theory alternate causation the answer should be E.
Increased Leisure Time -----------------> Increased Depression (to negate this E seems to do the job)

Can anyone explain.


Straight B)

E) is only reinforcing what hypothesis is./
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Re: CR: MGMAT (increased depression) [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2008, 18:41
x97agarwal wrote:
In developed countries, such as the United States, the percentage of the population diagnosed with clinical depression is much greater than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of the researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

1.Clinical depression is a genetically transmitted malady. -> OOS
2.Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for depression is equal for residents of developing and developed countries. ->this is negated then argument falls apart no acess means concl not reliable unequal data collected
3.Most activities characterized as “leisure time” in developed countries are inherently boring. -> OOS
4.Certain medications that effectively treat clinical depression are not readily available in developing countries. - Irrelevant

5.Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure. -> negate this it doe not affect no where in the argument anything is said about leisure time of developing countries only about developed countries !!!

In this Q the OA is B. Understandable. However when you apply the theory alternate causation the answer should be E.
Increased Leisure Time -----------------> Increased Depression (to negate this E seems to do the job)

Can anyone explain.

_________________

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Its Now Or Never

Re: CR: MGMAT (increased depression)   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2008, 18:41
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