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In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied

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In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2008, 09:42
In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied around egalitarian ideals, but few reformers advocated higher education for women. Although the public decried women’s lack of education, it did not encourage learning for its own sake for women. In spite of the general prejudice against learned women, there was one place where women could exhibit their erudition: the literary salon. Many writers have defined the woman’s role in the salon as that of an intelligent hostess, but the salon had more than a social function for women. It was an informal university, too, where women exchanged ideas with educated persons, read their own works and heard those of others, and received and gave criticism.

In the 1750’s, when salons were firmly established in France, some English women, who called themselves “Bluestocking,” followed the example of the salonnieres (French salon hostesses) and formed their own salons. Most Bluestockings did not wish to mirror the salonnieres; they simply desired to adapt a proven formula to their own purpose—the elevation of women’s status through moral and intellectual training. Differences in social orientation and background can account perhaps for differences in the nature of French and English salons. The French salon incorporated aristocratic attitudes that exalted courtly pleasure and emphasized artistic accomplishments. The English Bluestockings, originating from a more modest background, emphasized learning and work over pleasure. Accustomed to the regimented life of court circles, salonnieres tended toward formality in their salons. The English women, though somewhat puritanical, were more casual in their approach.

At first, the Bluestockings did imitate the salonnieres by including men in their circles. However, as they gained cohesion, the Bluestockings came to regard themselves as a women’s group and to possess a sense of female solidarity lacking in the salonnieres, who remained isolated from one another by the primacy each held in her own salon. In an atmosphere of mutual support, the Bluestockings went beyond the salon experience. They traveled, studied, worked, wrote for publication, and by their activities challenged the stereotype of the passive woman. Although the salonnieres were aware of sexual inequality, the narrow boundaries of their world kept their intellectual pursuits within conventional limits. Many salonnieres, in fact, camouflaged their nontraditional activities behind the role of hostess and deferred to men in public.

Though the Bluestockings were trailblazers when compared with the salonnieres, they were not feminists. They were too traditional, too hemmed in by their generation to demand social and political rights. Nonetheless, in their desire for education, their willingness to go beyond the confines of the salon in pursuing their interests, and their championing of unity among women, the Bluestockings began the process of questioning women’s role in society.

22.Which of the following could best be considered a twentieth-century counterpart of an eighteenth century literary salon as it is described in the passage?
(A) A social sorority
(B) A community center
(C) A lecture course on art
(D) A humanities study group
(E) An association of moral reformers

24.Which of the following titles best describes the content of the passage?
(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century
(E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century

Can someone please give me a hand on these answers? thanks
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Re: RC- women's salons [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2008, 03:35
22 A
24 E

If I'm right I will explain..
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Re: RC- women's salons [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2008, 04:47
Quad wrote:
22 A
24 E

If I'm right I will explain..


I am sorry, but you aren't. anyway, try to explain...
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Re: RC- women's salons [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2008, 05:29
Ok, I'm always fighting with RC :)

in 22 I inatentively read the 1st paragraph and thought it was only for women, so A - out
C and E are out because it was an informal university, but not a course or an association
Between B & D my choice is D, because it's more connected with education and erudition

24: (E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century - out now
(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism - out (too generilzed)
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century - out (they were not feminists, as the last par.said)
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism - should be the answer
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century - out (too generilzed)

So, my answers now are D & C
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Re: RC- women's salons [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2008, 05:37
Quad wrote:
Ok, I'm always fighting with RC :)

in 22 I inatentively read the 1st paragraph and thought it was only for women, so A - out
C and E are out because it was an informal university, but not a course or an association
Between B & D my choice is D, because it's more connected with education and erudition

24: (E) Female Education Reform in the Eighteenth Century - out now
(A) Eighteenth-Century Egalitarianism - out (too generilzed)
(B) Feminists of the Eighteenth Century - out (they were not feminists, as the last par.said)
(C) Eighteenth-Century Precursors of Feminism - should be the answer
(D) Intellectual Life in the Eighteenth Century - out (too generilzed)

So, my answers now are D & C
.

it's right. can you explain me 22 in details? thanks
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Re: RC- women's salons [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2008, 07:48
Yeah, sure

(A) A social sorority - out (sorority is a female-only organization, but males also took part in salons)
(B) A community center - out (leisure club, can include not only erudition and education)
(C) A lecture course on art - out (art is out of scope - women studied humanities)
(D) A humanities study group - right one (group, that studies humanities - literature, poetry etc.)
(E) An association of moral reformers - out (it was an informal institute, not association. moreover, intellectual training also took place)

Something like that :)
Re: RC- women's salons   [#permalink] 24 Feb 2008, 07:48
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In eighteenth-century France and England, reformers rallied

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