In France, as presidents have worked to expand their personal power, they have simultaneously achieved positive goals far beyond their own and far beyond those of their political parties. Well-executed struggles for presidential power contribute both to governmental effectiveness and qualitative improvements in public policy.
This author argues that
A) French presidents are responsible for governmental effectiveness
B) skilful exercises of presidential power are desirable, regardless of the reasons
C) presidential effectiveness in public policy is as important as political ideology
D) struggles to gain presidential power produce far-reaching beneficial results
E) a president's efforts to gain power counterbalance that individual's gains