In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround

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Director
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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2009, 08:22
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22% (01:55) correct 78% (00:53) wrong based on 3279 sessions

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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

(A) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
(B) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
(C) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
(D) surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
(E) surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

Detail explanations are welcome.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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14 Mar 2009, 08:45
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A.
1."surround" refers to a plural "fields"
2. "bustles" refers to a singular "patchwork"
3. We are left with A and C.
4. C would be correct if we had "many of whom", in which case the modifying phrase would serve as appositive
5. Modifying phrase in A is absolute phrase

priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

A. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
B. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
C. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
D. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
E. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

Detail explanations are welcome.
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14 Mar 2009, 09:06
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"The patchwork of green fields"--->Singular
hence Surrounds
-->only B and E remain
farm workers-->Modified correctly by "many of whom"
IMO B

A. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
B. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
C. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
D. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
E. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are
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14 Mar 2009, 20:27
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The subject is not greenfields, it is patch work.

Ask the Q what surrounds? Ans is PW and not GF

B & E remain. Whom refers back to workers and is needed here to show the part of the total.
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11 Feb 2010, 10:03
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testprep2010 wrote:
How is many of them better than many of who ?

I don't know why, but I'm not going to argue with MGMAT. The following three constructions are the "proper" way to use subgroup modifiers:

page 236 of the MGMAT SC book:
This model explains all known subatomic particles, some of which were only recently discovered.
This model explains all known subatomic particles, some of them only recently discovered.
This model explains all known subatomic particles, some only recently discovered.

replace some with other SANAM pronouns (i.e., any, none, all, more/most) as well as many, each, either, neither, half, one, etc.
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09 Feb 2010, 11:56
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Agree with B.

"The patchwork" is the subject. => "The patchwork of green fields" is Singular and agrees to the verb "surrounds".

"many of whom" correctly points to "farm workers".
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11 Feb 2010, 21:59
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Initially I picked thinking that subject is singular after examining closely I realized that only greenfields can surrond patchwork cannot... So the subject here is greenfields which is plural so surronds is more appropriate
so my choice is A

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In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2016, 19:08
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Expert's post
ts30 wrote:
seofah wrote:
A.
1."surround" refers to a plural "fields"
2. "bustles" refers to a singular "patchwork"
3. We are left with A and C.
4. C would be correct if we had "many of whom", in which case the modifying phrase would serve as appositive
5. Modifying phrase in A is absolute phrase

I dont get the logic for the 1st point. To elaborate, please answer these-
1. Members of an organization is/are protesting.
2. Group of girls is/are partying.

If the answer to any of the above is dependent on the X in the X of Y construction, then how can a patchwork of green fields be plural?

1. Members of an organization are protesting...correct
2. Group of girls is partying... correct

However the subject question is somewhat different from the examples you have given.

The patchworks of green fields is singular.

Nonetheless the modifier that surround the San Joaquin Valley town refers to green fields, which is plural - the relative pronoun that is used to refer to fields, not patchwork. Hence the usage of plural verb surround is alright.

The main subject of the sentence is patchwork, which is singular. Hence it takes the main singular verb bustles.
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19 Mar 2009, 05:22
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http://www.beatthegmat.com/many-of-them ... t8979.html
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09 Feb 2010, 10:34
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Where did this question come from?
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11 Feb 2010, 21:15
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misterchipper wrote:
The answers to these questions are almost confusing me more than helping...

I believe the answer is B and I am unsure how it could not be....

Help?

First of all, you can't even use whom in that construction.

review the whom/who distinction... a simple way to know which one to use is to ask and answer the question: whom/who are in the area? you would say they are in the area and not them are in the area... they = subject so you'll use who

who = subject
whom = object

now, you just have to know that when you're using a subgroup modifier, you can only use 3 forms of construction (see my previous post above)... you just gotta learn and memorize those... just like how you should learn and memorize all your if...then... constructions (usually 5 forms according to the MGMAT SC book -- refer to book if you have it).
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14 Feb 2011, 04:50
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This is indeed a toughie! I would think that the correct choice is B, not A.

The biggest question I have for those who support A, how do we know that the subject for the verb "surround" is the "green fields", and then changes to "the patchwork" for the verb "bustle"?

I saw an explanation earlier in this thread that "patchwork" cannot surround. But I would argue that patchy field could be formed so that it surrounds something. And "green fields" can bustle many people, too. So how does one know the shift of the subjects, without any apparent logical cue?
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Re: In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 21:09
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If A were to be the right answer, then the statement must read as follows:

In good years, the patchwork of green fields, "which" surround the San Joaquin Valley town, bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

If the original sentence were to be right, then B is the answer as the subject is singular- "THE PATCHWORK" of something..
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14 Mar 2009, 19:49
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green fields that........plural hence surround is correct. B and E are out.
patchwork bustles with farm workers....hence D is out.
Choice remains b/w A and C. In C it shld be "many of whom" instead of "many of who".
A is the best

priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

A. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
B. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
C. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
D. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
E. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

Detail explanations are welcome.
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17 Mar 2009, 03:29
If you want to locate the subject then neglect the portion coming after 'of'
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18 Mar 2009, 12:36
OA is A.

This question is one of the few confusing questions. Sentence is using prepositional noun phrase (patchwork of green fields ) that creates quandary. I guess, first, identification of correct nouns and relative verbs would be useful here.

thank you.
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18 Mar 2009, 19:24
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
In good years, the patchwork of green fields that surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them in the area just for the season.

A. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of them
B. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of whom are
C. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many of who are
D. surround the San Joaquin Valley town bustle with farm workers, many of which
E. surrounds the San Joaquin Valley town bustles with farm workers, many are

Detail explanations are welcome.

here 'that' modifies 'green fields' so that is why we are using plural subject (green fields)?

Can some one explain in detail?

Thanks.
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09 Feb 2010, 10:54
A is correct Many of Them is a correct
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09 Feb 2010, 11:53
seofah wrote:
A.
1."surround" refers to a plural "fields"
2. "bustles" refers to a singular "patchwork"
3. We are left with A and C.
4. C would be correct if we had "many of whom", in which case the modifying phrase would serve as appositive
5. Modifying phrase in A is absolute phrase

The best explanation for this toughie......It's like a revelation. Does MGMAT SC guide go as deep into explaining stuff?

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09 Feb 2010, 16:14
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shoudln't this be automatic if you know the subgroup modifier rules?

I remember MGMAT saying that subgroup modifiers should only be in the following forms:
many of which are x
many of them x
(shoot i forgot the last one)...

substitute many with any, some, all, none, most, etc. (i.e., any of the SANAM pronouns as well + others as well)

and obviously we can start with a 3-2 split on the word "surround" or "surrounds"
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Re: SC- Good Years   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2010, 16:14

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