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In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming

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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2012, 04:45
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GMATMadeeasy wrote:
In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of which are in middle management and light industry.

1. as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of which are
2. as with mych of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works, many
3. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of them
4. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works,and many are
5. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works,many are

Which one is the correct answer ?
Provides answers with explanation only.
Example : "A" is wrong beacuse "which" is incorrect usage for people


i pick E. "As" is not correctly used in A, B and C. in my point of view, there is a fragment in D. whats the OA
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2012, 18:12
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GMATMadeeasy wrote:
In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of which are in middle management and light industry.

1. as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of which are
2. as with mych of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works, many
3. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of them
4. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works,and many are
5. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works,many are


First, like much of Eastern Europe is not paralleled with "In Hungary". Therefore, D and E are out.

As with much of Eastern Europe also wrong in term of meaning and paralleled. => Choice B is out.

"In Hungary" should be paralleled with "AS in ...". Hence, choice A and C are in finalist.

In choice A, "many of which" refers to "women" is wrong. So, we keep choice C as the final answer. That's correct
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2012, 18:51
IMO C too, I don't think things like absolute phrases make any difference, since in SC, you just choose the most appropriate one compared to other options, even though all of the options are not the best.
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 10:36
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2013, 07:30
IS proportion singular or plural in this sentence? can someone comment between work vs works!
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2013, 07:33
"an overwhelming proportion" --> Singular, this phrase refers to a particular proportion that is also overwhelming. Works should go with this phrase
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2013, 23:47
Thanks a lot, your explanation are crystal clear...
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2016, 15:50
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2016, 01:02
I understood that "proportion of women" is plural because it is women who work not the proportion. However, if someone can explain to me the use of "them" to refer to "women" because "women" is a part of prepositional phrase "of women".
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2016, 01:09
gaurav0480 wrote:
I understood that "proportion of women" is plural because it is women who work not the proportion. However, if someone can explain to me the use of "them" to refer to "women" because "women" is a part of prepositional phrase "of women".

Hi Gaurav, how did you get the impression that a pronoun cannot refer to a noun that is a part of prepositional phrase?
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2016, 21:37
SaraiGMAT wrote:
Hi Guys,

First of all, it is unlikely that this is a real GMAT question. A real question would not have used "portion of women;" the correct answer would use "number of women". "Portion" or "amount" can be used for non-count or singular nouns ("portion of the population," "amount of money," BUT "number of people").

So let's leave the subject-verb agreement issue aside and focus on the other aspects of the sentence that you've correctly identified:


In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of which are in middle management and light industry.

A. as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of which are

To refere to people, use "who" or "whom", never "which" or "that".

B. as with much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works, many

Notice that the prepositional phrase, "with much of Eastern Europe," does not accurately describe anything here. There is nothing in the sentence that can be described as being "with Europe."

TIP: The GMAT SC from time to time likes to user "with..." to create an inaccurate modifier.


INCORRECT: The student with the highest grade was rewarded.
CORRECT: The student who received the highest grade was rewarded.

C. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women work,many of them

First, the comparison of the two prepositional phrases ("in Hungary" and "in ... Europe") is logical and properly uses the word "as".

Second, "many of them in in middle management and light industry," is a structure called an absolute phrase.

The absoluate phrase is just a noun+description (NO VERB!) This is not a clause and not a modifier, but rather just a form of additional info.


Ex. Sue drove down the street, the wind (noun) in her hair (description).

So "many of them (women) in the ..." is just a way of adding info to the already complete clause, "an overwhelming propostion/number of women work/s".


D. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works,and many are

NOTE: "Like" can be used to compare only two nouns, not two descriptions or clauses.

So "like... Europe" would have worked if the sentence had begun with "Hungary," not "In Hungary."


E. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming propotion of women works,many are

Same problem as D.

Also, "many are in..." is a full independent clause (subject + verb that could be a sentence on its own). Two independent clauses cannot be attached with just a comma!

INCORRECT: I am hungry, I will eat.
CORRECT: I am hungry [; / ,and / ,so...] I will eat.

Check out Lesson 6 for more on comparisons and Lessons 9 and 10 for count and non-count nouns at gmaxonline!

Best,
Sarai


Hi Sarai

I have a question regarding option C
we are talking about proportion of women followed by many of them. I think them has no antecedent here. I might be wrong.
I choose B for this this reason
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2016, 04:08
There seems to be a SV-Agreement error in C, because the word "proportion" is singular. Hence it shall be followed by the verb "works".

Is it a type of question where the correct answer (C) is not perfect and has some grammatical flaws, but is still considered as the best choice in comparison to other options?
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Re: In Hungary,as in much of eastern Europe,an overwhelming   [#permalink] 17 May 2016, 04:08

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