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# In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the

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18 Apr 2011, 18:39
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In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.

A. In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be
B. The breakup of the world's largest telephone company, Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
C. A government advisory committee in Japan called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, into
D. The breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
E. Called for by a government advisory committee, the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company in Japan, the world's largest telephone company, was to be into

According to Manhattan GMAT, "so" in A,B and D is wrong because the second clause is dependent on the first.Therefore, "so" is an inappropiate conjunction. Could someone explain, please?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2011, 19:05
My opinion:
The clause 'the largest telephone company in the world' should refer to 'telegraph company' and not the whole phrase 'Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company'. That's what the book implies
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Re: Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2011, 23:12
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When two independent clauses with verbs of their own are presented, they have to be conjugated by a coordinate conjunction such as and, but, so etc (remember the fanboys?). Separating them with just j a comma renders them as run-ons. In this case, 'called for' and 'would be’ are the two verbs of their clauses with just a comma in between. Hence choices A, B and D are faulty. E is too awkward; C is crisp and right
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Re: Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2011, 23:36
Also, the pronoun "it" is not used in C, thereby eliminating any confusion.
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Re: Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2011, 23:38
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The second part, about the two local companies and one long-distance provider, describes the parts the company is supposed to be broken into. C describes this clearly: "committee . . . called for the breakup of NTTC . . . into two local phone companies and one long-distance provider."

The choices using "so" almost make part 2 into an independent clause, as Tim describes in our forum. Think of other sentences that use "so" to link. "My boss told me to send the email, so I sent it." "I didn't eat your sandwich, so stop bothering me." The part after "so" can always stand alone as its own sentence (this is the meaning of an independent clause.)

Let's look at the second clause as a stand-alone sentence. "The committee called for the breakup of NTTC. So it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider." The use of would is awkward if this part doesn't depend on the other. Why not "it will be"? If we put in the right word ("will"), the use of "so" makes it seem that because the committee called for the breakup, the second sentence *will* happen. In the credited response, we are told that the committee called for the breakup of the company into several parts, with no prediction of what will happen. This is a better description of the situation.

I hope this helps! Let me know if I can make any of this clearer.
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06 Aug 2012, 04:02
clear pronoun ambiguity in all option except c. It might refer to committee or company hence C
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06 Aug 2012, 04:10
Thanks DmitryFarber

Very clear explanation. C is the right answer. Independent clause , FANBOYS Independent Clause
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06 Aug 2012, 05:20
Great Explanations from Daag & DmitryFarber +1 Kudos for both of you, and thank you Metallicanfan for posting this question.
This question has made us understand the independent clause , the conjunction and its usage.
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29 Jan 2013, 17:14
In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.

Hi guys, I might be a little too late asking this question (almost 2 years) on this thread , but I still try my luck, as I am not understanding one of the comment from Daagh.

@Daagh, As you mentioned, all independent clauses should have "Fanboys" coordinating conjugations joining them. But then in this question, the two independent clauses
1) In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world
2) it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.
already have a "so" joining them. Right? It doesn't seem to be a run-on to me. Can you help me understand why this is a case of run-on error?
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29 Jan 2013, 18:47
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UrsTruly wrote:
In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.

Hi guys, I might be a little too late asking this question (almost 2 years) on this thread , but I still try my luck, as I am not understanding one of the comment from Daagh.

@Daagh, As you mentioned, all independent clauses should have "Fanboys" coordinating conjugations joining them. But then in this question, the two independent clauses
1) In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world
2) it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.
already have a "so" joining them. Right? It doesn't seem to be a run-on to me. Can you help me understand why this is a case of run-on error?

Its good question that made me ponder..
already have a "so" joining them. Right? It doesn't seem to be a run-on to me. Can you help me understand why this is a case of run-on error?
@UrsTruly, I really loved the explanation of DmitryFarber from MGMAT.
See, clause 1) is clearly independent clause, but clause 2) is not independent. 'it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provide' In second clause 'it would be ' is the awkward part. Where does 'it' refers?
In the setence construction of X, so Y, it marely says that Y would happen if X has!
To correct the same, we can say, Govt Adv. committee called for the breakup of NTTC, so there will be two local...

All independent clauses should have "Fanboys" coordinating conjugations joining them.
FANBOYS stands for "For-And-Nor-But-Or-Yet-So", One of these will be used to join 2 independent clauses.

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22 Aug 2014, 23:28
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24 Aug 2014, 02:04
metallicafan wrote:
In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.

A. In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be
B. The breakup of the world's largest telephone company, Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
C. A government advisory committee in Japan called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, into
D. The breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
E. Called for by a government advisory committee, the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company in Japan, the world's largest telephone company, was to be into

According to Manhattan GMAT, "so" in A,B and D is wrong because the second clause is dependent on the first.Therefore, "so" is an inappropiate conjunction. Could someone explain, please?

I think it must be D !!

Can anyone plz tell me what is the verb in C ?

Regards
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24 Aug 2014, 16:09
lastshot wrote:
metallicafan wrote:
In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.

A. In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be
B. The breakup of the world's largest telephone company, Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
C. A government advisory committee in Japan called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, into
D. The breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
E. Called for by a government advisory committee, the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company in Japan, the world's largest telephone company, was to be into

According to Manhattan GMAT, "so" in A,B and D is wrong because the second clause is dependent on the first.Therefore, "so" is an inappropiate conjunction. Could someone explain, please?

I think it must be D !!

Can anyone plz tell me what is the verb in C ?

Regards
LS

Hello LS

The structure of C is: X called for the breakup of Y,......., in to Z and T
The blue part is modifier. The main Subject is "A government advisory committee, the main verb is "called".

Hope it's clear.
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27 Jun 2016, 16:23
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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07 Jul 2016, 01:29
DmitryFarber :

So you're saying with the use of illogical 'would' and two independent clauses instead of just one, A is awkward. But, grammatically, it is not faulty or run-on, right? I can clearly see two independent clauses properly connected by using a coordinating conjunction, so Thanks

DmitryFarber wrote:
The second part, about the two local companies and one long-distance provider, describes the parts the company is supposed to be broken into. C describes this clearly: "committee . . . called for the breakup of NTTC . . . into two local phone companies and one long-distance provider."

The choices using "so" almost make part 2 into an independent clause, as Tim describes in our forum. Think of other sentences that use "so" to link. "My boss told me to send the email, so I sent it." "I didn't eat your sandwich, so stop bothering me." The part after "so" can always stand alone as its own sentence (this is the meaning of an independent clause.)

Let's look at the second clause as a stand-alone sentence. "The committee called for the breakup of NTTC. So it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider." The use of would is awkward if this part doesn't depend on the other. Why not "it will be"? If we put in the right word ("will"), the use of "so" makes it seem that because the committee called for the breakup, the second sentence *will* happen. In the credited response, we are told that the committee called for the breakup of the company into several parts, with no prediction of what will happen. This is a better description of the situation.

I hope this helps! Let me know if I can make any of this clearer.
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07 Jul 2016, 05:37
metallicafan wrote:
In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be two local phone companies and one long-distance provider.

A. In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the largest telephone company in the world, so it would be
B. The breakup of the world's largest telephone company, Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
C. A government advisory committee in Japan called for the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, into
D. The breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company, the world's largest telephone company, was called for by a government advisory committee in Japan, so it would be
E. Called for by a government advisory committee, the breakup of Nippon Telephone and Telegraph Company in Japan, the world's largest telephone company, was to be into

According to Manhattan GMAT, "so" in A,B and D is wrong because the second clause is dependent on the first.Therefore, "so" is an inappropiate conjunction. Could someone explain, please?

'it' refers to what in choice A, B and D? There is pronoun ambiguity.

In option E, 'Called for by a government advisory committee' modifies 'the breakup'

C do away with this ambiguity while clearly delivering intended meaning. Hence is the right choice.
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Re: In Japan, a government advisory committee called for the   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2016, 05:37
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