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In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev

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In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2013, 10:35
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In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ever close-up photographs of another planet, which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.

a.which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.
b. which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, and it was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has
c. which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s
d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters
e. photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon


[Reveal] Spoiler:
oa to follow

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Last edited by Narenn on 13 Jul 2013, 20:03, edited 2 times in total.
Merged in similar topic. Do not Post Duplicate Topics
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In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2013, 10:35
In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ever close-up photographs of another planet, which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.

a.which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.
b. which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, and it was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has
c. which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s
d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters
e. photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon


[Reveal] Spoiler:
oa to follow

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Re: In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2013, 11:14
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I choose E as the ans. My reasoning:

A) which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moon like craters and was dry and apparently dead. -

The relative pronoun 'which' modifies the noun 'photographs' which is correct but the problem comes when the clause after 'and' (and was dry and apparently dead) tries to modifies the noun photographs
- Incorrect



B) which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, andit was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has. - the highlighted clause tries to modifies the noun photographs which is wrong. Mars's surface is pockmarked not the photographs. - Incorrect

c) which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s - Here, second which tries to modify 'dead one' which is incorrect. Mars's surface is pockmarked not the dead ones. - Incorrect

D) photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters - It seems that martian surface is not dry and dead rather the photos try to make the planet to look so. - Incorrect

E) photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon - Correct. no errors.
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Re: In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2013, 11:24
swati007 wrote:
I choose E as the ans. My reasoning:

A) which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moon like craters and was dry and apparently dead. -

The relative pronoun 'which' modifies the noun 'photographs' which is correct but the problem comes when the clause after 'and' (and was dry and apparently dead) tries to modifies the noun photographs
- Incorrect



B) which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, andit was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has. - the highlighted clause tries to modifies the noun photographs which is wrong. Mars's surface is pockmarked not the photographs. - Incorrect

c) which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s - Here, second which tries to modify 'dead one' which is incorrect. Mars's surface is pockmarked not the dead ones. - Incorrect

D) photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters - It seems that martian surface is not dry and dead rather the photos try to make the planet to look so. - Incorrect

E) photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon - Correct. no errors.



nice explanation.

just wanted to share:

MARS'S===>this is double possesive and is wrong in GMAT===>Correct version MARS'
similarly MOON'S===>here also double possesive....hence wrong==>correct version MOONS

hope it helps :-D
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Re: In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2013, 17:36
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shaileshmishra wrote:
In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ever close-up photographs of another planet, which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.

A.which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.
B. which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, and it was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has
C. which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s
D. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters
E. photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon
[Reveal] Spoiler:
oa to follow


Split: "which" vs "photos"
If you're aware of the comma which rule, you'll notice that "planet, which showed" doesn't make sense. The author's intentional meaning of this sentence is the PHOTOS showed the martian surface etc... A, B, C are out.

D
1 reason - Ask yourself what is "it" referring to - the Martian surface or the Moon's surface? This is ambiguous so I would mark C wrong.
Tip: If you are pressed for time and you need to make a quick decision, memorize MGMAT's deadly 5 pronouns It, Its, They, Them, Their. Choose the answer choice that doesn't have one of these pronouns in it.
2 reason - Answer D also has the word "showing", which makes the sentence a run-on sentence. Read the whole sentence again including the non-underlined portion and you will see the sentence is not complete.


E
1 reason - They added "that showed" which actually makes a whole new clause so the whole sentence sounds complete.
2 reason - Also E shows correct parallel structure: craters like (parallel marker) those on the Moon


A. which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.
B. which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, and it was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has
C. which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s
D. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters
E. photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon
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Re: In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2013, 01:24
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I chose E and I would appreciate a confirmation whether it is correct.

B and D were rejected for "it was pockmarked"
C for having which after "one,"

Left with A and E, preferred E for conciseness.
The meaning of both looks the same
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Re: In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 08 Nov 2014, 04:12
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In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 04 May 2015, 03:45
blueseas wrote:
In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ever close-up photographs of another planet, which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.

a.which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.
b. which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, and it was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has
c. which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s
d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters
e. photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon


[Reveal] Spoiler:
oa to follow

According to the official explanation 'showed it as' is wrong in option (C). Instead, it should be 'showed it to be'.
Can anyone elaborate (perhaps with examples) how to use both idioms correctly?

Also, this is an official explanation which I can't comprehend.
(D) Introducing a new clause to add an adjective after a series of adjectives describing the subject of the new clause is unnecessarily wordy
Which clause is new? It was pockmarked by moonlike craters?
what is the subject of the new clause? Martian surface?
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Re: In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev [#permalink] New post 04 May 2015, 06:54
blueseas wrote:
In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars
and took the first-ever close-up photographs of another planet,
which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters
and was dry and apparently dead.


the sentence tells us about Mariner IV
it passed by Mars in 1965.
Mariner IV took first-ever close-up photos of another planet
These photos showed that....


a.which showed that the Martian surface was like that of the Moon’s in that it was pockmarked by moonlike craters and was dry and apparently dead.
which refers to the planet, and not to the photos
comparison error.

b. which showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface, and it was pockmarked by craters like the Moon has
same error as in A - "which"
the comparison is not clear.

c. which showed the Martian surface as a dry, apparently dead one, which was pockmarked with craters such as the Moon’s
same error as in A and B - which
"as" followed by noun or noun phrase - is used to show the function of smth - here it is not the case
"such as" - we need LIKE for comparison, and not such as (to give examples)
after showed i believe "that" is needed.
this sentence is a mess.

d. photos showing the Martian surface to be like that of the Moon’s, dry and apparently dead, and it was pockmarked by moonlike craters
the moonlike crates of the martian surface are similar to the crates on the moon


e. photos that showed a dry, apparently dead Martian surface pockmarked with craters like those on the Moon
noun+noun modifier..
but this changes the meaning..
in the original sentence - the moon surface is similar to that of moon's.
but this one, states that crates are like those on the moon.

Picked E, but still have doubts.
Re: In July 1965 Mariner IV passed by Mars and took the first-ev   [#permalink] 04 May 2015, 06:54
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