In many nations, criminal law does not apply to : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# In many nations, criminal law does not apply to

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In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2006, 20:07
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In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in the United Stated today, a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted within the scope of his or her authority and if the corporation benefited as a result.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted
B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting
C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts
D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting
E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by HKD1710 on 12 Aug 2016, 08:51, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2013, 00:59
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In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in the United Stated today, a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted within the scope of his or her authority and if the corporation benefited as a result.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted correct - parallelism is maintained "if the employee acted .... and if the corporation benefited"
B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting incorrect tense - present continuous is not required...needs a simple present tense
C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts its(singular) cannot refer to corporations, usage of "on the condition" is awkward in this sentence
D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting Subject verb agreement employee (singular), commit (plural)
E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted whenever and if have different meanings

Apart from other mistakes, Parallelism is also hurt in options B,C,D,E
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2006, 00:04
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B - not parallel
C, D - pronoun problems
E - muddled and akward.

A stands.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2006, 20:19
KC wrote:
In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in the United Stated today, a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted within the scope of his or her authority and if the corporation benefited as a result.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted
B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting
C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts
D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting
E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted

I think it should be A

and if the corporation benefited as a result at the end of the sentence says that we need to corporation but not corporations
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2006, 00:38
one more A.

It should be "corporation", not "corporations" as the latter part of the sentence talks about corporation.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2006, 15:44
A sounds better than E. The rest are wrong for multiple reasons.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2006, 07:14
nischalb wrote:
Another one for A, what is the OA?

corporation (singular)...employee (singular)...
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2010, 11:21
OA is A.
However, the "if the employee acted" construction sounds very bad for me.
Could anybody clarify?
thanks.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2010, 11:05
but all other options are incorrect. Hence A.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2011, 16:13
Hey guys,

I need further explanation on why E is not good, it sounds ok to me. One more thing, its easy for those who pick the right answer (whether you know it or by chance) then go on to say the other answers are awkard or muddle etc. By discussing your reasoning you will learn a lot more.

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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2011, 15:41
brufarber wrote:
A sounds better than E. The rest are wrong for multiple reasons.

why do you say that A is better than E?
thanks.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2014, 00:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 11:13
2 things to keep in mind for this one. First, the count. Second, parallelism.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted... benefited - count of employee matches. Parallelism matches
B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting- Count of employee doesn't match.
C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts...benefited- No parallelism.
D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting..benefited- No parallelism.
E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted - Count doesnt match.
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2014, 09:57
For If clauses used in past simple tenses,other clause should use would...Is this rule not voilated in this question
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 02:10
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2015, 02:38
In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in the United Stated today, a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted within the scope of his or her authority and if the corporation benefited as a result.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted
Correct. The subject verb agreement is in place
B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting
Tenses do not match with each other. Continuous tense is used for an ongoing action. Here employee has already committed a crime, hence corporation has also already committed a crime and is not in the process of doing so.
C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts
Subject Verb agreement. Corporations need a "those" not "its"
D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting
Subject Verb agreement. Employee needs "commits" not "commit"
E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted
Whenever changes the meaning of the sentence
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Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2016, 13:09
TeamGMATIFY wrote:
In many nations, criminal law does not apply to corporations, but in the United Stated today, a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted within the scope of his or her authority and if the corporation benefited as a result.

A. a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted
Correct. The subject verb agreement is in place
B. a corporation is committing a crime whenever one of its employees committed a crime, if those employees were acting
Tenses do not match with each other. Continuous tense is used for an ongoing action. Here employee has already committed a crime, hence corporation has also already committed a crime and is not in the process of doing so.
C. corporations commit a crime whenever one of its employees does, on the condition that the employee acts
Subject Verb agreement. Corporations need a "those" not "its"
D. corporations commit crimes whenever an employee of those corporations commit a crime, if it was while acting
Subject Verb agreement. Employee needs "commits" not "commit"
E. the corporation whose employees commit a crime, commits a crime, whenever the employee acted
Whenever changes the meaning of the sentence

Hi,

I apologise for re- opening this thread, however, I have found that there is a grammatical error with Answer choice A wherein it states that- a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commits a crime, if the employee acted. Isn' t 'one of the xyz' plural and 'one of the only xyz' singular? If so, shouldn't the sentence read: a corporation commits a crime whenever one of its employees commit ( not commits) a crime, if the employee acted? It is because of this error that I went with choice C.

Please let me know if this is a legit way to go about it. Thanks!
Re: In many nations, criminal law does not apply to   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2016, 13:09
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