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In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side

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In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side [#permalink]

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In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side is taken 8% in excess and other 5% in deficit. Find the error percentage in the area calculated from these measurements.

A. 3.5%
B. 2.4%
C. 3%
D. 5%
E. 2.6%
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Re: In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2013, 22:43
antoxavier wrote:
In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side is taken 8% in excess and other 5% in deficit. Find the error percentage in the area calculated from these measurements.

A. 3.5%
B. 2.4%
C. 3%
D. 5%
E. 2.6%


Let the sides of the rectangle be a and b.

actual area of the rectangle without error = ab

New side a ( 8% in excess) = a+0.08a = 1.08a
New side b ( 5% in deficit) = b-0.05b = 0.95b

Area of the new rectangle = (1.08a)(0.95b)= (1.0260)ab
say a=1 and b=1
area of the original rectangle = 1
area of the new rectangle = 1.026
change in the area calculation = .026
error percentage in the area calculated = 2.6%

Let me know otherwise.
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Re: In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2013, 03:36
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antoxavier wrote:
In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side is taken 8% in excess and other 5% in deficit. Find the error percentage in the area calculated from these measurements.

A. 3.5%
B. 2.4%
C. 3%
D. 5%
E. 2.6%


Say both sides of the rectangle are equal to 100 (so consider that we have a square). In this case the area is 100*100=10,000.

Now, the area obtained with wrong measurements would be 108*95=10,260, which is 2.6% greater than the actual area.

Answer: E.
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Re: In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2014, 11:39
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Percentage Change Formula
if there are two succesive changes to a quantity ( as in this case ) you can solve it by a simple formula
\(net change = a + b + \frac{ab}{100}\)
e.g. net change of to increase of 50% = \(50 + 50 + \frac{2500}{100} = 125\)
net change of increase in 8% and decrease of 5 % = \(8 - 5 -\frac{8*5}{100} = 2.6\)
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Re: In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2016, 11:57
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Re: In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side   [#permalink] 06 Mar 2016, 11:57
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