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In most states BASE jumping, an extreme sport where

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In most states BASE jumping, an extreme sport where [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2013, 13:37
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

77% (02:16) correct 23% (01:34) wrong based on 57 sessions
In most states BASE jumping, an extreme sport where an individual jumps off of a building, bridge, or other structure with a small parachute, is illegal. Proponents of the sport believe that the individuals are taking risks with their own lives and should be allowed to do so in a free society as long as they do not cause harm to others. As a result, these proponents conclude that BASE jumping should be legalized.

Each of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion drawn by the proponents of BASE jumping EXCEPT:

(A) Many BASE jumpers are very experienced and have completed hundreds of jumps without being injured.
(B) The insurance rates charged to owners of buildings that are likely to be used in BASE jumps have doubled because of increased threat of lawsuits.
(C) Many municipalities have been forced to hire additional police units to patrol for BASE jumpers.
(D) In rare cases, BASE jumpers have been known to injure civilians on the ground during their jumps.
(E) BASE jumpers have been known to break into buildings at night in order to gain access to the roof, causing damage to the building in the process.


OE to follow
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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In most states BASE jumping, an extreme sport where [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2013, 21:25
Easier one but still took 1:45s. Poor timing :-(

IMO A

Conclusion of proponents: As a result, these proponents conclude that BASE jumping should be legalized.

We need to find answer that doesn't weaken the proponents conclusion.

(A) Many BASE jumpers are very experienced and have completed hundreds of jumps without being injured. Hold On.. It says that BASE doesn't cause any harm to others and therefore can be legalized.
(B) The insurance rates charged to owners of buildings that are likely to be used in BASE jumps have doubled because of increased threat of lawsuits. BASE causes insurance rates to increase,in turn causing harm in the form of increased insurance rates.
(C) Many municipalities have been forced to hire additional police units to patrol for BASE jumpers. Additional police force diverted from other main responsibilities of police force and thus causing harm.
(D) In rare cases, BASE jumpers have been known to injure civilians on the ground during their jumps. BASE jumpers causing harm to civilians
(E) BASE jumpers have been known to break into buildings at night in order to gain access to the roof, causing damage to the building in the process. BASE jumpers causing harm in the form of breaking into buildings.
Director
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User avatar
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
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Location: United States (FL)
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GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35
GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
GPA: 3.45
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 22

Kudos [?]: 279 [0], given: 629

Re: In most states BASE jumping, an extreme sport where [#permalink] New post 28 Nov 2013, 20:47

Official Explanation



Answer A - The conclusion drawn by the proponents of BASE jumping is that BASE jumping should be legalized. As evidence they cite that people in a free society should be able to do as they please as long as they do not harm others in the process. The central assumption in this argument is that BASE jumpers do not harm others while pursuing their sport. The only answer choice that does not challenge this central assumption is choice (A), which is therefore the correct answer.

Choices (B) and (E), if true, would show that the owners of buildings used in BASE jumping are harmed because of increased insurance or damage to the building.

Choice (C), shows that municipalities or tax payers are harmed because of the need for additional police units.

Finally, Choice (D) – while it seems unlikely – would show harm to innocent bystanders if it were true.

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Re: In most states BASE jumping, an extreme sport where [#permalink] New post 29 Nov 2013, 00:46
Indeed,
The reasoning here is quite straightforward.
The argument's biggest assumption is linked to the premise that "as long as only the base jumpers are at risk - they should be allowed to do what they want". This leads to the assumption that their activity has no deleterious consequences to others.

That insurance would increase for owners of buildings is a negative consequence to non-base jumpers (B) weakens the argument therefore.

That, additional cops have been hired implies a economic drain on the municipality. Again, a negative consequence (C) also therefore weakens

That civilians could be injures is also a negative consequence to others (D) weakens as well

That Base jumpers break into buildings and cause damages is another negative consequence to others (E) also weakens.

Option (A) though does not explicate any negative consequence, and doesn't really do anything to weaken the argument.
A is therefore the correct option here.

Hope that helped,
Ajeeth Peo
Academic Manager
Crack Verbal
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Re: In most states BASE jumping, an extreme sport where   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2013, 00:46
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