In order for an organism to evolve or survive any length of : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# In order for an organism to evolve or survive any length of

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In order for an organism to evolve or survive any length of [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2003, 00:06
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In order for an organism to evolve or survive any length of time, it must learn to somehow deal with the issue of UV rays, which implies that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

A) which implies that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

B) which infers the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

C) which is inferred from the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

D) which can be interpreted from the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

E) which can be implied from the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.
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21 Dec 2003, 07:35
I would go with C.

"organism need to deal with the issue of UV rays" (X)
can be inferred from the fact that
"the very oldest sorts of organisms have protection mechanism". (Y)

i.e X can be inferred from Y.

A confuses X and Y saying that,
X implies Y
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07 Jul 2011, 08:39
mbamantra wrote:
In order for an organism to evolve or survive any length of time, it must learn to somehow deal with the issue of UV rays, which implies that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

A) which implies that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

B) which infers the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

C) which is inferred from the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

D) which can be interpreted from the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

E) which can be implied from the fact that the very oldest sorts of organisms that exist on Earth today all have mechanisms such as the production of sunscreen pigments like melanin, also known as tanning, to protect themselves.

the question here is imply vs infer.

I go with C here .
A little bit of CR skills help here. the first line' In order for an organism to evolve or survive any length of time, it must learn to somehow deal with the issue of UV rays' is the conclusion . and rest of the passage i simple fact.
The first sentence conclusion is based on the rest of the passage.
thus a conclusion drawn can only 'infer' from rest of the passage and not imply.
Re: SC: organisms   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2011, 08:39
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