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# In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it

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In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2006, 02:20
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In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

A. it and apply primer before applying the paint
B. it and prime it and paint it
C. it, then prime it, then paint it
D. the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
E. the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it
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12 Aug 2006, 09:30
1
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i will go wtih "A".
surface is the only one it can refer to. What else can "it" refer to?
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12 Aug 2006, 19:22
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Yet, another error log entry If anybody wants a copy of a massive error log, let me know because I have quite a collection
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02 Jul 2007, 20:32
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What a rough sentence. A

IMO, it could only apply to rough surface.
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02 Jul 2007, 21:01
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Tough One. I picked E
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18 Apr 2008, 10:48
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Correct answer is A. Here's my explanation. Let me know if it helps.

1) First step is to find if there is any error with the underlined clause:
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

Does it correctly refers to a preceding noun? If you look at the previous clause In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface you will notice that there is only one subject the rough surface. Paint is not a noun as it is used in verb form. So it does correctly refer to a noun/subject. Remainder of the underline sentence looks fine as it correctly reflects the sequence of events: sand it and apply primer before applying the pain..

Now we know that A cud be the answer. Let us use POE on the rest.
B. it and prime it and paint it - the sequence of events is lost
C. it, then prime it, then paint it - repetion of 'it' makes it wordy
D. the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface - looks incorrect use of 'you'

E. the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it - because of the use of 'it', parallelism for 'and' is lost.
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Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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19 May 2014, 16:44
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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2014, 12:23
1
KUDOS
anaccident wrote:
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

A. it and apply primer before applying the paint
B. it and prime it and paint it
C. it, then prime it, then paint it
D. the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
E. the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

Can someone help me out and explain the role of "it" before the comma?
"...a rough surface, it is necessary..."

This "it" is different from the normal pronoun usage of it right?

Hello. "it" is placeholder "it" and does not refer to any preceding noun. For example: it is important to finish homework before going to class.

Hope it helps.
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"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

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12 Aug 2006, 04:03
We need to restate "surface" to clarify what "it" refers to.

Procedural (listing) SC.

5 (E)

:55
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12 Aug 2006, 09:34
i will go wtih "A".
surface is the only one it can refer to. What else can "it" refer to?

...it is necessary to sand it...

Doesnt "it" sound a bit redundant here?
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12 Aug 2006, 16:58
OA is A...
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12 Aug 2006, 18:19
I went with A if anyone believes
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12 Aug 2006, 19:35
u2lover wrote:
I went with A if anyone believes

We believe you. Even I selected A. Please believe me.
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02 Jul 2007, 07:30
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

A. it and apply primer before applying the paint
B. it and prime it and paint it
C. it, then prime it, then paint it
D. the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
E. the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint

How do we know which it modifies which part of the sentence?
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18 Apr 2008, 09:40
I think once you understand the meaning of this sentence, things become a lot clearer. Let's try formatting this for a powerpoint slide.

Things you must do before painting a rough surface:
1) sand it
and
2) apply primer before applying the paint

Hopefully this clarifies why the answer is A.
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Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2013, 12:41
can somebody explain the use of present participle here :

"before applying the paint"

I don't really understand what is the role of this clause, it is definetely not used as a modifier, so does it function as a noun ?
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Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 06:05
A
DE: out, because "surface" doesn't need to be repeated.
C: out, because can't use "then" to separate clauses.
B: repeated use of "and" is wordy.
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Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2014, 13:12
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

A. it and apply primer before applying the paint
B. it and prime it and paint it
C. it, then prime it, then paint it
D. the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
E. the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

Can someone help me out and explain the role of "it" before the comma?
"...a rough surface, it is necessary..."

This "it" is different from the normal pronoun usage of it right?
Intern
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Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2014, 10:01
Correct answer is A. Here's my explanation. Let me know if it helps.

1) First step is to find if there is any error with the underlined clause:
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

Does it correctly refers to a preceding noun? If you look at the previous clause In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface you will notice that there is only one subject the rough surface. Paint is not a noun as it is used in verb form. So it does correctly refer to a noun/subject. Remainder of the underline sentence looks fine as it correctly reflects the sequence of events: sand it and apply primer before applying the pain..

Now we know that A cud be the answer. Let us use POE on the rest.
B. it and prime it and paint it - the sequence of events is lost
C. it, then prime it, then paint it - repetion of 'it' makes it wordy
D. the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface - looks incorrect use of 'you'

E. the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it - because of the use of 'it', parallelism for 'and' is lost.

In option E, if it's as following

the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint the 'surface'

In this case, will choice(e) be correct?.
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Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2014, 13:14
gabriel87 wrote:
Correct answer is A. Here's my explanation. Let me know if it helps.

1) First step is to find if there is any error with the underlined clause:
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

Does it correctly refers to a preceding noun? If you look at the previous clause In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface you will notice that there is only one subject the rough surface. Paint is not a noun as it is used in verb form. So it does correctly refer to a noun/subject. Remainder of the underline sentence looks fine as it correctly reflects the sequence of events: sand it and apply primer before applying the pain..

Now we know that A cud be the answer. Let us use POE on the rest.
B. it and prime it and paint it - the sequence of events is lost
C. it, then prime it, then paint it - repetion of 'it' makes it wordy
D. the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface - looks incorrect use of 'you'

E. the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it - because of the use of 'it', parallelism for 'and' is lost.

In option E, if it's as following

the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint the 'surface'

In this case, will choice(e) be correct?.

Hello

Nope. It's still wrong because:

1. Redundant: why you have to repeat "the surface" three times? It's not accepted in GMAT (same error as in D).

2. If you have list of three items, the structure must be "X, Y, and Z". The comma before "and" is necessary. If you have a list of two items, the structue is "X and Y" (without a comma).

Hope it's clear.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Re: In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it   [#permalink] 17 Sep 2014, 13:14
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