In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it

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Director
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In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2007, 15:05
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In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
(D) the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it
If you have any questions
New!
Director
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05 Sep 2007, 18:41
IrinaOK wrote:
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
(D) the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

Well A just because I dont see anything wrong here. The only thing I had in my mind is what "it" refers , but I guess "it" clearly refers to surface.
Manager
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05 Sep 2007, 19:38
Choice B and C are wrong.
D and E overuse the word "surface" So, will go with A!
Director
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06 Sep 2007, 00:03
L.Doit.08 wrote:
IMO D
It is dangling in A

A. 'It' refers to the noun immediately preceding it which is 'surface' and therefore is not dangling.
Manager
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06 Sep 2007, 01:13
D..

A is wrong cuz it is not parallel..d later part shud contain 'it'
it and apply primer before applying the paint 'it'

only d is parallel- sand the surface and apply primer to the surface
Manager
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06 Sep 2007, 05:23
Only one of these sounds like English to me.

Who talks about "applying paint"? Personally, I just paint!

There's a lot of redundancy. We've mentioned surface once in the sentence, that's enough. "It" does fine from then on (as long as there's no ambiguity).

So, in spite of what ColumbiaDream says, I go for C.
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18 Sep 2007, 07:37
tgalligan wrote:
Does anyone know the OA?

'It' in this sentence is ambiguous and that is for sure.
Whether it is refering to paint or to surface isn't clear.
that cuts our options to D or E my pick is E for parallelism.
Director
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19 Sep 2007, 17:05
tgalligan wrote:
Does anyone know the OA?

The OA is A,

sorry for late response.
Director
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19 Sep 2007, 17:06
tgalligan wrote:
Does anyone know the OA?

The OA is A,

sorry for late response.
Manager
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20 Sep 2007, 11:52
except "A" , all other options have redundant/confusing words.
But can anyone tell me why i shud not afraid of applying.
Usage is prticiple is always confusing and scary.
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28 Sep 2007, 17:03
IrinaOK wrote:
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
(D) the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

with the first "it" in the question stem, since it came right after surface, I know I can safely eliminate D & E

B) has 2 "and" and 3 "it", so i know thats wrong

c) has 2 "then" and 3 "it", so its out too...you need an "and" somewhere...

but, I am just not comfortable with A, because of the "applying"....its not parallel....

can someone please help me understand why the usage of "applying" here is correct? How is "apply primer" and "applying the paint" correct?

What is "applying" stands in the sentence? is it a verb, a gerund, or something else?

thanks!!!
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12 Dec 2008, 05:21
Can someone answer the question raised by garyxb and by younggun044?

I have simular confusion.

Thanks
Manager
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12 Dec 2008, 08:43
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In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.
(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it

sand, prime and paint are related actions..hence are a list..In the list, only the last element must have ", and"
Eliminate

Let me tell you there are no pronoun reference errors.

"it is necessary"---this "it" is a dummy one...such as "It is sunny now"

second and third "it" refers to "surface"

It may have refer to "paint" However, paint is used as a verb.

(C) it, then prime it, then paint it

we understand the sequence even without "then"

List must end with ", and"

(D) the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface

"you" --has no antecedent at all...

(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

Last "it" here can refer to "surface" or "primer"

So, by POE, we get A

lets check if there are any errors with A

In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

Pronoun reference errros: Nil

First "it" is dummy...such as "it is a sunny day"

second and third "it" refer to surface unambiguously

Parallelism: yes

to paint..to sand...to apply

"to" with apply is implicit as per parallelism of infinitive

what about "before applying the paint."

okie lets remove it and see if it makes sense

In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer

okie...we are left with a question

when to "sand" and "apply primer" before paint or after paint

Regarding "applying" -present participle..and is used correctly

"Choose A"
Manager
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12 Dec 2008, 08:55
Thanks for the detailed reply iamcste !

Kudos to you , that clears lots of doubts, which are not necessarily on this qs, but on general English as well.
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12 Dec 2008, 10:25
IrinaOK wrote:
In order to evenly and effectively paint a rough surface, it is necessary to sand it and apply primer before applying the paint.

(A) it and apply primer before applying the paint
(B) it and prime it and paint it
(C) it, then prime it, then paint it
(D) the surface and apply primer before you apply paint to the surface
(E) the surface, apply primer to the surface and then paint it

Agree with OA.

A. parallel.
B. "it" is what?
C: "then" ..., "then" does not sound good.
D. "you"? who is you? nobody
E. incomlete and a run-on without a sublject.
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12 Dec 2008, 14:03
iamcste,

Re: SC_Painting Surface   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2008, 14:03
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