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In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens

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In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2013, 09:19
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In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extensive research and innovative methods, information security must remain a high priority for our company. The information stored on our networks including everything from research data, to training materials, to company memos - could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike. All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops.

If all of the above statements are true, which of the following statements can be most directly inferred?

A Passwords are often inadequate forms of security, leading to the need for "physical control" over data storage objects such as laptops.
B Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees.
C Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers.
D The company is willing to go to great expense to protect its information.
E Employees must attend classes to learn to use the latest security software
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 08 Oct 2013, 10:43
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In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extensive research and innovative methods, information security must remain a high priority for our company. The information stored on our networks including everything from research data, to training materials, to company memos - could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike. All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops.

If all of the above statements are true, which of the following statements can be most directly inferred?

A Passwords are often inadequate forms of security, leading to the need for "physical control" over data storage objects such as laptops.

not discussed

B Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees.

the information must be keeped inside the company

C Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers.

same as A

D The company is willing to go to great expense to protect its information.

sama as A

E Employees must attend classes to learn to use the latest security software

same as A

B wins
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Re: In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2013, 09:16
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Hi Carcass,

I have a doubt regarding this question. I was stuck between option B & C mainly for the below mentioned reasons.

B says that ' Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees' but the passage only states that 'All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops' . What I understood from this is that company information is valuable and each employee must protect that information strictly by any means. Do we infer from this that that an employee X can discuss the confidential information that is known to him only and may be to some top Mgmt but employee X can still discuss this info with employee Y who is also a fellow employee. Now what if Employee X may not be allowed to discuss this confidential info with employee Y?

While C says that 'Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers'. Now the passage says that 'The information stored on our networks including everything from research data, to training materials, to company memos - could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike'. Now if we can infer from option B that employees are allowed to discuss the company info with fellow employees, then from option C why can't we infer that the valuable info of the company makes the network attractive to hackers (who might help competitors and foreign governments)

Please help me understand the above confusion. Thanks.



carcass wrote:
In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extensive research and innovative methods, information security must remain a high priority for our company. The information stored on our networks including everything from research data, to training materials, to company memos - could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike. All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops.

If all of the above statements are true, which of the following statements can be most directly inferred?

A Passwords are often inadequate forms of security, leading to the need for "physical control" over data storage objects such as laptops.

not discussed

B Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees.

the information must be keeped inside the company

C Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers.

same as A

D The company is willing to go to great expense to protect its information.

sama as A

E Employees must attend classes to learn to use the latest security software

same as A

B wins
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Re: In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2013, 16:10
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what you have pointed out are good issues BUT in CR questions is better to not go too much outside the "field"

On one hand is important to make the argument real, as you are in that situation; on the other hand your job is not to bring too much information from the outside. A sort of balance approach

This is true in particular in CR must be true question, where you must pick the right choice only relying on the strict information provided by the passage.

Hre the gist of the argument is this: the information must be keeped inside the company; we could also say this: no matter what happens: we have to protect them.

B says just this: we can share info only among the company's employee at most

C instead says: our information are valuable and could be a target by a hacker (maybe Neo from matrix) but is not the real point. The hackers come from the outside, instead our problem is to keep all kind of info inside our company.

B keep inside ---> no outside

C from outside to inside to thieve information.

As you can see what comes up suddenly is a huge difference

what you did is not wrong in a broad sense but the cons are: it takes too much time during the exam. You have to go to the core of the question, picking the right answer as fast as you can and moving on. that's it

Hope I satisfied your request ;)

regards
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Re: In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2013, 17:34
Here is my two cents.

C can be eliminated because it says 'high monetary value' where as the argument says only 'value'. The value could be anything not just monetary such as security, sabotage or anything else.

Hope this helps.

mba1382 wrote:
Hi Carcass,

I have a doubt regarding this question. I was stuck between option B & C mainly for the below mentioned reasons.

B says that ' Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees' but the passage only states that 'All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops' . What I understood from this is that company information is valuable and each employee must protect that information strictly by any means. Do we infer from this that that an employee X can discuss the confidential information that is known to him only and may be to some top Mgmt but employee X can still discuss this info with employee Y who is also a fellow employee. Now what if Employee X may not be allowed to discuss this confidential info with employee Y?

While C says that 'Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers'. Now the passage says that 'The information stored on our networks including everything from research data, to training materials, to company memos - could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike'. Now if we can infer from option B that employees are allowed to discuss the company info with fellow employees, then from option C why can't we infer that the valuable info of the company makes the network attractive to hackers (who might help competitors and foreign governments)

Please help me understand the above confusion. Thanks.



carcass wrote:
In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extensive research and innovative methods, information security must remain a high priority for our company. The information stored on our networks including everything from research data, to training materials, to company memos - could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike. All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops.

If all of the above statements are true, which of the following statements can be most directly inferred?

A Passwords are often inadequate forms of security, leading to the need for "physical control" over data storage objects such as laptops.

not discussed

B Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees.

the information must be keeped inside the company

C Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers.

same as A

D The company is willing to go to great expense to protect its information.

sama as A

E Employees must attend classes to learn to use the latest security software

same as A

B wins
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Re: In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 09 Oct 2013, 19:18
Thanks for the clarification Carcass. Really helpful of you :-)..



carcass wrote:
what you have pointed out are good issues BUT in CR questions is better to not go too much outside the "field"

On one hand is important to make the argument real, as you are in that situation; on the other hand your job is not to bring too much information from the outside. A sort of balance approach

This is true in particular in CR must be true question, where you must pick the right choice only relying on the strict information provided by the passage.

Hre the gist of the argument is this: the information must be keeped inside the company; we could also say this: no matter what happens: we have to protect them.

B says just this: we can share info only among the company's employee at most

C instead says: our information are valuable and could be a target by a hacker (maybe Neo from matrix) but is not the real point. The hackers come from the outside, instead our problem is to keep all kind of info inside our company.

B keep inside ---> no outside

C from outside to inside to thieve information.

As you can see what comes up suddenly is a huge difference

what you did is not wrong in a broad sense but the cons are: it takes too much time during the exam. You have to go to the core of the question, picking the right answer as fast as you can and moving on. that's it

Hope I satisfied your request ;)

regards
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Re: In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 11:37
Stiv wrote:
In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extensive research and innovative methods, information security must remain a high priority for our company. The information stored on our networks including everything from research data, to training materials, to company memos - could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike. All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops.

If all of the above statements are true, which of the following statements can be most directly inferred?

A Passwords are often inadequate forms of security, leading to the need for "physical control" over data storage objects such as laptops.
B Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees.
C Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers.
D The company is willing to go to great expense to protect its information.
E Employees must attend classes to learn to use the latest security software

Having trouble here.
I chose A and this is why: "not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops." This implies that passwords just aren't enough.
B only deals with research. What about collaborations and thing of that nature? it's too narrow for my taste....

Can anyone shed some light?
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In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 23:26
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ronr34 wrote:
Having trouble here.
I chose A and this is why: "not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops." This implies that passwords just aren't enough.
B only deals with research. What about collaborations and thing of that nature? it's too narrow for my taste....

Can anyone shed some light?


Hello ronr34.

I'm glad to help.

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Premise 1: To keep the competitive edge, information security must remain a high priority for our company.
Premise 2: The information stored on our networks could potentially be very valuable to competitors and foreign governments alike.
Premise 3: All employees must work to protect company information, not only through passwords and data encryption, but also through the physical control of company assets, such as laptops.

Question:
If all of the above statements are true, which of the following statements can be most directly inferred?

ANALYZE EACH ANSWER:

A) Passwords are often inadequate forms of security, leading to the need for "physical control" over data storage objects such as laptops.
SHELL GAME but WRONG.

A has a common fallacy called “confusing cause and effect”.
The form is:
A and B regularly occur together.
Conclusion: A causes B happen.

Keep in mind,this logic is wrong because you don’t know A OR B leads to the occurring of the other. The only thing you know is A and B occur together. That’s It.

Back to the answer choice A:
Problem here is words "leading to". The stimulus only says employees must protect company information through both passwords and physical control. It means two approaches must be applied simultaneously That’s IT. You do NOT know which approach is inadequate and which one leads to the occurring of the other.

If A were correct, the alternate A would be correct too. The alternate A is: "physical control" over data storage objects such as laptops is often inadequate form of security, leading to the need for passwords.

Hence, A can't be the correct answer.

B) Employees are not allowed to discuss their research with anyone other than fellow company employees.
Correct. Premise 1 says “To keep the competitive edge, information security must remain a high priority for our company”. We can infer that information needs to be kept internally. It means nobody outside the company should have information.

C) Company information carries a high monetary value, making the network attractive to hackers.
Wrong. Key word is “hackers”. The stimulus does not mention anything that the network is attractive to hackers. It only says that the network is attractive to competitors and foreign government alike.

D) The company is willing to go to great expense to protect its information.
Wrong. Nothing about “great expense”. We can’t infer that.

E) Employees must attend classes to learn to use the latest security software
Wrong. Nothing about “attend classes”. We can’t infer that.

Hope it helps.

TAKEAWAY:
Always be aware of the form "confusing cause and effect". If you do not have enough information, do not assume A always leads to B.
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In order to keep the competitive edge gained by our extens   [#permalink] 24 Jun 2014, 23:26
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