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In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must

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In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2011, 08:09
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In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2011, 08:30
will go with B. - the key is 'the only effective way to learn foreign language is to practice is by uttering original sentence'
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2011, 09:03
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rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Only if those people uttered original sentences before fluent speakers.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
>Yes, because person must practice EFFECTIVELY to learn a foreign language and the ONLY(just one) effective way to learn is by uttering original sentence AND not by reciting the memorized one.

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Maybe not because of their foolish utterances, but who knows because of SOME other reason. Maybe a reason not at all related to learning language.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Making a mistake guarantees appearing foolish; not making a mistake is no guarantee for appearing not-foolish. Bit bizarre and inconsiderate, but we can't make any assumption beyond what's conveyed in the passage.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
>No way. Remember what was the ONLY effective way. ONLY. If not, see B.


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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2011, 09:35
fluke wrote:
rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Only if those people uttered original sentences before fluent speakers.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
>Yes, because person must practice EFFECTIVELY to learn a foreign language and the ONLY(just one) effective way to learn is by uttering original sentence AND not by reciting the memorized one.

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Maybe not because of their foolish utterances, but who knows because of SOME other reason. Maybe a reason not at all related to learning language.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Making a mistake guarantees appearing foolish; not making a mistake is no guarantee for appearing not-foolish. Bit bizarre and inconsiderate, but we can't make any assumption beyond what's conveyed in the passage.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
>No way. Remember what was the ONLY effective way. ONLY. If not, see B.



Thanks Fluke, Well explained.
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2011, 13:26
+1 for A

Good one
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink] New post 07 Aug 2011, 18:37
B it is.

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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2011, 07:33
Clearly its B.

"The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language"
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink] New post 08 Aug 2011, 09:25
I disagree with B). "The only EFFECTIVE way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones." Note the word EFFECTIVE. It implies that reciting memorized sentences is still possible, while not EFFECTIVE, to learn the language. Choice B) is wrong because it says that people who ONLY recite memorized sentences NEVER learn to speak the language.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 06:31
Oh very nice question. Went with A but I guess B is better. Thanks for the wonderful explanation fluke.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 07:10
why not D?
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink] New post 26 Dec 2011, 10:21
SO “ONLY” effective way is give, rest all method is considered as not going to help in learning

Based on that B only satisfies the author
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink] New post 22 May 2014, 20:57
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rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.


The question contains two necessary condition markers in the sentence (eg: must,only) so we can use the "Sufficient /Necessary conditions" way to answer this question.

Sentence1: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively.
Must is a necessary condition marker and it modifies "practice effectively" so we can build a logical chain as:

LSF (learn to speak foreign language) -> PE (Practice effectively). (LSF is sufficient condition here)

Sentence2: The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones.
Only is a necessary condition marker and it modifies "uttering original sentences and Not reciting memorized ones".
The logical chain is:

PE -> UOS (utter original sentences, if we dont (ie ~UOS ) means we recite memorizes ones).

Sentence3: A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.
Only is again a necessary condition marker here and it modifies "Makes mistakes that appear foolish". The logical chain is :

UOS -> MMAF (make mistakes appear foolish).

From the three sentences the complete logical chain is:
LSF->PE->UOS->MMAF
The contrapositive of this is: ~MMAF->~UOS->~PE->~LSF.


We need to look for the above two in the answer choices.

A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
LSF->AF . This is wrong , we need to also make mistake to appear foolish. ie MMAF.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
~UOS -> ~LFS. This is a contrapositive and is correct. (~UOS means that we are reciting memorized sentences and not uttering Original sentences)

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
~LF->~AF. This is wrong , it is wrong negation of the logic chain above.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
MM->AF , this is what is given in the argument. and this choice talks about ~MM->~AF which is again wrong negation.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
Nothing mentioned about this in the argument.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2014, 22:37
please can anyone explain A is not the the answer......
Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2014, 22:37
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