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# In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must

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In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 09:09
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In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 09:30
will go with B. - the key is 'the only effective way to learn foreign language is to practice is by uttering original sentence'
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 10:03
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rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Only if those people uttered original sentences before fluent speakers.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
>Yes, because person must practice EFFECTIVELY to learn a foreign language and the ONLY(just one) effective way to learn is by uttering original sentence AND not by reciting the memorized one.

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Maybe not because of their foolish utterances, but who knows because of SOME other reason. Maybe a reason not at all related to learning language.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Making a mistake guarantees appearing foolish; not making a mistake is no guarantee for appearing not-foolish. Bit bizarre and inconsiderate, but we can't make any assumption beyond what's conveyed in the passage.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
>No way. Remember what was the ONLY effective way. ONLY. If not, see B.

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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 10:35
fluke wrote:
rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Only if those people uttered original sentences before fluent speakers.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
>Yes, because person must practice EFFECTIVELY to learn a foreign language and the ONLY(just one) effective way to learn is by uttering original sentence AND not by reciting the memorized one.

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Maybe not because of their foolish utterances, but who knows because of SOME other reason. Maybe a reason not at all related to learning language.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
>Making a mistake guarantees appearing foolish; not making a mistake is no guarantee for appearing not-foolish. Bit bizarre and inconsiderate, but we can't make any assumption beyond what's conveyed in the passage.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
>No way. Remember what was the ONLY effective way. ONLY. If not, see B.

Thanks Fluke, Well explained.
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 14:26
+1 for A

Good one
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 19:37
B it is.

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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2011, 08:33
Clearly its B.

"The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language"
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Re: CR: foreign language - Conclusion [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2011, 10:25
I disagree with B). "The only EFFECTIVE way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones." Note the word EFFECTIVE. It implies that reciting memorized sentences is still possible, while not EFFECTIVE, to learn the language. Choice B) is wrong because it says that people who ONLY recite memorized sentences NEVER learn to speak the language.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 07:31
Oh very nice question. Went with A but I guess B is better. Thanks for the wonderful explanation fluke.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 08:10
why not D?
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 11:21
SO “ONLY” effective way is give, rest all method is considered as not going to help in learning

Based on that B only satisfies the author
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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22 May 2014, 21:57
2
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rphardu wrote:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?
A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.

The question contains two necessary condition markers in the sentence (eg: must,only) so we can use the "Sufficient /Necessary conditions" way to answer this question.

Sentence1: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively.
Must is a necessary condition marker and it modifies "practice effectively" so we can build a logical chain as:

LSF (learn to speak foreign language) -> PE (Practice effectively). (LSF is sufficient condition here)

Sentence2: The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones.
Only is a necessary condition marker and it modifies "uttering original sentences and Not reciting memorized ones".
The logical chain is:

PE -> UOS (utter original sentences, if we dont (ie ~UOS ) means we recite memorizes ones).

Sentence3: A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.
Only is again a necessary condition marker here and it modifies "Makes mistakes that appear foolish". The logical chain is :

UOS -> MMAF (make mistakes appear foolish).

From the three sentences the complete logical chain is:
LSF->PE->UOS->MMAF
The contrapositive of this is: ~MMAF->~UOS->~PE->~LSF.

We need to look for the above two in the answer choices.

A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
LSF->AF . This is wrong , we need to also make mistake to appear foolish. ie MMAF.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
~UOS -> ~LFS. This is a contrapositive and is correct. (~UOS means that we are reciting memorized sentences and not uttering Original sentences)

C.People who have not learned to speak a foreign language have not appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
~LF->~AF. This is wrong , it is wrong negation of the logic chain above.

D.People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
MM->AF , this is what is given in the argument. and this choice talks about ~MM->~AF which is again wrong negation.

E.When combined with other exercises, reciting memorized sentences in a foreign language can be an effective means of practicing to speak that language.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 23:37
please can anyone explain A is not the the answer......
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 09:48
mrblack wrote:
I disagree with B). "The only EFFECTIVE way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones." Note the word EFFECTIVE. It implies that reciting memorized sentences is still possible, while not EFFECTIVE, to learn the language. Choice B) is wrong because it says that people who ONLY recite memorized sentences NEVER learn to speak the language.

I agree with you. I have marked A for the same reason.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2014, 11:23
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naval.sheth wrote:
please can anyone explain A is not the the answer......

Hi naval.sheth, and dransa,

The prompt once more:
In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.

Which of the following conclusions can be properly drawn from the statements above?

GOAL:
This is an inference question, and inference questions specifically ask us to find an answer that we know FOR A FACT.

Here's the difference between A and B:

A. People who have learned to speak a foreign language will have appeared foolish to fluent speakers of that language.
Read the option VERY carefully. Does the prompt tell us that the PEOPLE would appear foolish, or that the sentences would appear foolish? That's the difference. We aren't given any basis to comment on how the people making the sentences would look---only the sentences.

B.People who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.
Now, from the information highlighted in the passage, since we know that the only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences, then that would mean that those who only recite memorized sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language. Therefore, given the facts from the prompt, we know this answer has to be true.
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In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2014, 08:33
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I request the members to elucidate more on the "B".

Basically, i would like to discuss about wht mrblack wrote abt B.
I disagree with B). "The only EFFECTIVE way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones." Note the word EFFECTIVE. It implies that reciting memorized sentences is still possible, while not EFFECTIVE, to learn the language. Choice B) is wrong because it says that people who ONLY recite memorized sentences NEVER learn to speak the language.
I don't want to sound "thinking too much" here but this is how i would look at it.
The only effective way to practice <=> The only way that is (also)effective ,to practice.
In other words its the only way and its effective.Now if its the only way then B fits correctly here.
B.People who [color=#2e3192]only recite memorized
sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.[/color]

BTW I selected D but then it doesn't pass the fact test as argument just mentions that "A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.". Arg doesn't mentions abt the scenario mentioned in
D:"People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language."
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2014, 01:21
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The problems that people are having with B are sound, if it weren't for the first sentence. The first sentence clearly states that "In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively." Thus the fact that it is effective is essential and without effective practice, the person would never learn to speak a foreign language. Thus, if they only recite memorized sentences, they will not practice effectively and they will not learn the language.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2015, 15:07
JarvisR wrote:
I request the members to elucidate more on the "B".

Basically, i would like to discuss about wht mrblack wrote abt B.
I disagree with B). "The only EFFECTIVE way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones." Note the word EFFECTIVE. It implies that reciting memorized sentences is still possible, while not EFFECTIVE, to learn the language. Choice B) is wrong because it says that people who ONLY recite memorized sentences NEVER learn to speak the language.
I don't want to sound "thinking too much" here but this is how i would look at it.
The only effective way to practice <=> The only way that is (also)effective ,to practice.
In other words its the only way and its effective.Now if its the only way then B fits correctly here.
B.People who [color=#2e3192]only recite memorized
sentences in a foreign language will never learn to speak that language.[/color]

BTW I selected D but then it doesn't pass the fact test as argument just mentions that "A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language.". Arg doesn't mentions abt the scenario mentioned in
D:"People who do not make mistakes when uttering original sentences in a foreign language do not appear foolish to fluent speakers of that language."

I choose C for that matter ....
Kindly clarify on "B" and why "C" is wrong ?
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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31 May 2016, 05:03
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2016, 04:02
Ok.. Picking a right answer is really a game here.. very logical.
so classical approach to this question(Maybe for all the conclusion based questions) is -

In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must practice effectively. The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language

Breakdown the Argument to premises and conclusions - Do this!
Try since/Beacause X(premise) therefore Y(conclusion) - you'll find

Since, a person must practice effectively In order to learn to speak a foreign language - Premise
Since, A person can utter such sentences only by first making mistakes in that language that would appear foolish to fluent speakers of the language - Premise
Therefore, The only effective way to practice is by uttering original sentences in that language, rather than reciting memorized ones. - Conclusion

Only statement that qualifies as a conclusion is "the only effective way....." and that is what you should search for, in the options, eliminating everything irrelevant to the conclusion you derived --> Only one option will match this criteria i;e. (B)

Game over! K.O

Remember to do this forehand you check the options - options skew your ability to pick the right one.
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Re: In order to learn to speak a foreign language, a person must   [#permalink] 15 Jun 2016, 04:02

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