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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2005, 11:36
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A
B
C
D
E

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In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding,
in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristic and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

(A)....
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristic in their steers
(C)partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristic
(D)partly because certain characteristic should be acquired by their steers
(E)partly to acquire certain characteristic in their steers

Last edited by tonglin on 08 Apr 2005, 07:31, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2005, 12:19
agree "D"....never knew what steers meant before this :-D
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2005, 12:28
D.
Tonglin, could you edit the question stem so that the underlined part can be easily distinguished by others?
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2005, 12:36
E) "because" is not necessary to maintain parallelism "partly...party" is sufficient. moreover, active voice is preferred, cause i dont think the steers can choose whether they like to acquire the new characteristics
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2005, 13:12
christoph wrote:
E) "because" is not necessary to maintain parallelism "partly...party" is sufficient. moreover, active voice is preferred, cause i dont think the steers can choose whether they like to acquire the new characteristics


I was debating with E as well, reason I dropped E becose "partly to acquire certain characteristic in their steers" sounds awkward. "Acquire certain characteristic in their steers" doesn't sound right.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Apr 2005, 13:56
I go for E too the awkwardness of E mentioned earlier is there is D too

how in gods name does "certain characteristic" fit in here
shouldnt we have

"certain characteristics" or "a certain characteristic"

if it is just one characteristic then there is all the more justification to choose E

someone plz xplain
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 06:03
The QA is E. could anyone who choose E explain the reason..
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Re: SC-P318 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 06:42
tonglin wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding,
in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristic and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

(A)....
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristic in their steers
(C)partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristic
(D)partly because certain characteristic should be acquired by their steers
(E)partly to acquire certain characteristic in their steers



Here is my explanation:

A is wrong because "that" introduce a restrictive clause. It should be preceded by a noun.

For e.g.: The dog that ate my homework died.

B is wrong because it lacks parallelism.

<in part for the aquisition of certain characteristics> & <partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor> are NOT parallel.

D is wrong one of the "parallel" phrases is PASSIVE voice [should be acquired] and the other is active [crossbreeding is].

That leaves us with C and E.

C: The phrase "partly because of their steers acquring certain characteristics" has modifier issues. The cattle breeders want their steers to acquire certain characteristics. In C acquiring certain chracteritics modifies steers...Not correct.

Hence the OA is E.
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 06:46
banerjeea_98 wrote:
christoph wrote:
E) "because" is not necessary to maintain parallelism "partly...party" is sufficient. moreover, active voice is preferred, cause i dont think the steers can choose whether they like to acquire the new characteristics


I was debating with E as well, reason I dropped E becose "partly to acquire certain characteristic in their steers" sounds awkward. "Acquire certain characteristic in their steers" doesn't sound right.


"...used...to acquire...in their steers" => you have to add the full context. that makes more sense, does it ?
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 08:51
christoph wrote:
E) "because" is not necessary to maintain parallelism "partly...party" is sufficient. moreover, active voice is preferred, cause i dont think the steers can choose whether they like to acquire the new characteristics


I can understand passive vs active, but why "Because" is not necessary to maintain parallelism? Why "partly...partly" is sufficient? Please elaborate. Thanks.
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 11:14
I try to write my understanding after reading those explanations.
why not D
1. D maintains parallelism but does not follow the rule that subject should be starting at the head of the sentence.
2. D does not clear the reason why cattle breeders have increasingly used corssbreeding.
If we break the sentence into two parts
"In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, partly because certain characteristic should be acquired by their steers"
does not sound very clear why breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding.
:roll:
Compare to the second reason
"In recent years cattle breedings have increasingly used crossbreeding,
partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor"

Correct me if I am wrong.
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 12:46
Is the OA "E" ? .....Can someone explain how "Acquire in their XYZ" is a correct use ? And what that means if it is correct. Generic examples wud be helpful.
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 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 20:18
I too have problem picking between D and E. The only thing I could say in D is not good is that it is passive. But I might very well have picked D myself. :(
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Re: SC-P318 [#permalink] New post 08 Apr 2005, 23:00
tonglin wrote:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding,
in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristic and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

(A)....
(B) in part for the acquisition of certain characteristic in their steers
(C)partly because of their steers acquiring certain characteristic
(D)partly because certain characteristic should be acquired by their steers
(E)partly to acquire certain characteristic in their steers


This is a parallel problem. "...and partly because crossbreading" signals you to look for "partly because (noun)" in your choice. This logic leaves you with only (D).
Re: SC-P318   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2005, 23:00
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