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In response to mounting pubic concern, an airplane [#permalink]
13 Jan 2005, 16:56
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In response to mounting pubic concern, an airplane manufacturer implemented a program with the well-publicized goal of reducing by half the total yearly amount of hazardous waste generated by its passenger-jet division. When the program began in 1994, the division's hazardous waste output was 90 pounds per production worker; last year it was 40 pounds per production worker. Clearly, therefore, charges that the manufacturer's program has not met its goal are false.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. The amount of nonhazardous waste generated each year by the passenger-jet
division has not increased significantly since 1994.
B. At least as many passenger jets were produced by the division last year as had been produced in 1994.
C. Since 1994, other divisions in the company have achieved reductions in hazardous waste output that are at least equal to that achieved in the passenger-jet division.
D. The average number of weekly hours per production worker in the passenger-jet division was not significantly greater last year than it was in 1994.
E. The number of production workers assigned to the passenger-jet division was not significantly less in 1994 than it was last year.
The program's purpose: reducing by half the total yearly amount of waste.
Evidenc: in 1994, the waste was 90 pounds / per worker
last year, the waste was 40 pounds / per worker
Conclusion: manufacture met its gogal
We can assume that in 1994 the total waste was 360 pounds with 4 workers.
If the total waste last year was still 360 pounds, but the number of worker was 9, then the average waste was 40. It is clearly that the manufacture didn't achieve his goals which reduces by half the total yearly amount of waste.
Hazardous waste per production worker has nothing to do with the number of hours those workers put into work. You may assume that the less hours employees work, the less amount of hazardous waste they generate, but this is an assumption that is out of the argument's scope.