In surprising medical news, scientists investigating : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# In surprising medical news, scientists investigating

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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2010, 07:14
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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
 brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
 brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
 brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
 brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
 brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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12 Aug 2010, 12:57
IMO : C, we need to break the habit of smoking not a smoking habit, are there more than one type of smoking habit?
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12 Aug 2010, 17:56
Clear E. it is not the brain located behind the ear. E clarifies it.
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13 Aug 2010, 06:29
quickly went for A....But it has to be E!!
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13 Aug 2010, 07:30
i went for C. The split was between "a smoking habit" and "the habit of smoking" ....
But, the OA is A ....and OE - its' "the habit of smoking and not a smoking habit". I am not satisfied with the answer,
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13 Aug 2010, 07:38
If it is "the habit of smoking and not a smoking habit" then how can the OA be A.

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13 Aug 2010, 17:13
I think its B as "located behind the ear" is an essential modifier so it cannot be surrounded by comma.
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13 Aug 2010, 20:04
IMO you cannot break a smoking habit, while you can break a habit of smoking. That reduces the options to C and E.
In addition, brain is not located behind the ear so C is not good.

IMO E should be the ans.
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13 Aug 2010, 20:06
In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
 brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
 brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
 brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
 brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
 brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

On second thoughts, in option E, the one located behind the ear seems to point to the brain too. I am doomed
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19 Aug 2010, 12:47
"a smoking habit" doesn't make sense.
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2012, 03:25
Guys wtf not C?
OA btw is A and explanation is that "the habit of smoking" is wordy. Don't understand
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2012, 01:37
Runner2 wrote:
Guys wtf not C?
OA btw is A and explanation is that "the habit of smoking" is wordy. Don't understand

I see a difference between "smoking habit" and "habit of smoking".
First one refers to (in my opinion) different styles of smoking whereas the second one refers to just smoking.

But FORGET this: if GMAT/OE says it is wordy, then IT IS WORDY. All you have to do is, remember that.

Now come back to options.
Comma (,) is usually used to express 'pause' and when we do that, the word that follows the comma immediately does not refer to the word that is just before the comma (to refer to that preceding word, we need to use 'which'). If we apply this, it makes sense: not the entire brain is behind the ear, just a part of it!
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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 04:45
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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

My question is what is wrong with C?
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03 Sep 2012, 11:18
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'the' smoking habit refers to particular smoking habit. Ex. Chain or occasional or any other type. 'a' smoking habit refers to general habit. Common noun.

Ex. Dwight is too smart to make a mistake. >>> any mistake
Dwight is too smart to make the mistake. >>> a particular mistake

Hope you got it.
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2014, 07:11
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Aren't we referring the the smoking habit of the person whose brain has been injured ?

Can an injury to someone's brain permanently break any(other persons) smoking habit ?
I am confused whether we should use 'the'.

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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2014, 04:08
I would rather ask myself 'What is wrong with the usage of smoking habit?'...But I also do not see anything wrong in your reasoning
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10 Jun 2014, 21:15
Can anyone explain the difference between A and D? Can we omit the first comma?
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16 Jun 2014, 09:04
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Here we have to understand whether information is necessary for the sentence to convey the idea or additional.
Here in option A. located behind the ear is additional information. Thus, it is presented as non essential form separated by comma.

Even without this information we can deliver the intended message. Therefore, presenting this part separated by comma is ok.

Further a habit or the habit is a split. We should use a habit, because we are talking about general habit of smoking not any specific referenced smoking.
C and E can be eliminated.

We can eliminate B and D because located behind the ear is presented as essential information, but in original sentence it is presented as non essential.

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 06:55
PiyushK wrote:
Here we have to understand whether information is necessary for the sentence to convey the idea or additional.
Here in option A. located behind the ear is additional information. Thus, it is presented as non essential form separated by comma.

Even without this information we can deliver the intended message. Therefore, presenting this part separated by comma is ok.

Further a habit or the habit is a split. We should use a habit, because we are talking about general habit of smoking not any specific referenced smoking.
C and E can be eliminated.

We can eliminate B and D because located behind the ear is presented as essential information, but in original sentence it is presented as non essential.

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

I thought that the comma was not logically placed because that part of the sentence was crucial for understanding.

Either way, don't you prefer the term "the habit of smoking" to the term "a smoking habit"?
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 10:17
ronr34 wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
Here we have to understand whether information is necessary for the sentence to convey the idea or additional.
Here in option A. located behind the ear is additional information. Thus, it is presented as non essential form separated by comma.

Even without this information we can deliver the intended message. Therefore, presenting this part separated by comma is ok.

Further a habit or the habit is a split. We should use a habit, because we are talking about general habit of smoking not any specific referenced smoking.
C and E can be eliminated.

We can eliminate B and D because located behind the ear is presented as essential information, but in original sentence it is presented as non essential.

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

I thought that the comma was not logically placed because that part of the sentence was crucial for understanding.

Either way, don't you prefer the term "the habit of smoking" to the term "a smoking habit"?

Read following sentence don't you think that sentence without modifier is expressing main idea.
Scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.

Further to understand the difference between the and a have a look at following sentences.
I saw a animal
I saw the animal

a animal refers to any animal not any specific one.
Lets say we know the context and we know a tiger is around and if some one says I saw the animal then in that case the animal is referring to the tiger a specific animal. Similarly the smoking is referring to some specific case of smoking but we want to express general smoking.

I hope its clear now.
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2014, 10:17

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