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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating

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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2012, 04:45
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A
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C
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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

My question is what is wrong with C?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2014, 09:04
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Here we have to understand whether information is necessary for the sentence to convey the idea or additional.
Here in option A. located behind the ear is additional information. Thus, it is presented as non essential form separated by comma.

Even without this information we can deliver the intended message. Therefore, presenting this part separated by comma is ok.

Further a habit or the habit is a split. We should use a habit, because we are talking about general habit of smoking not any specific referenced smoking.
C and E can be eliminated.

We can eliminate B and D because located behind the ear is presented as essential information, but in original sentence it is presented as non essential.

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-te [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2012, 11:18
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'the' smoking habit refers to particular smoking habit. Ex. Chain or occasional or any other type. 'a' smoking habit refers to general habit. Common noun.

Ex. Dwight is too smart to make a mistake. >>> any mistake
Dwight is too smart to make the mistake. >>> a particular mistake

Hope you got it.
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 19 Apr 2014, 07:11
Aren't we referring the the smoking habit of the person whose brain has been injured ?

Can an injury to someone's brain permanently break any(other persons) smoking habit ?
I am confused whether we should use 'the'.

Please help!
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 20 Apr 2014, 04:08
I would rather ask myself 'What is wrong with the usage of smoking habit?'...But I also do not see anything wrong in your reasoning
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 10 Jun 2014, 21:15
Can anyone explain the difference between A and D? Can we omit the first comma?
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2014, 06:55
PiyushK wrote:
Here we have to understand whether information is necessary for the sentence to convey the idea or additional.
Here in option A. located behind the ear is additional information. Thus, it is presented as non essential form separated by comma.

Even without this information we can deliver the intended message. Therefore, presenting this part separated by comma is ok.

Further a habit or the habit is a split. We should use a habit, because we are talking about general habit of smoking not any specific referenced smoking.
C and E can be eliminated.

We can eliminate B and D because located behind the ear is presented as essential information, but in original sentence it is presented as non essential.

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

I thought that the comma was not logically placed because that part of the sentence was crucial for understanding.

Either way, don't you prefer the term "the habit of smoking" to the term "a smoking habit"?
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2014, 10:17
ronr34 wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
Here we have to understand whether information is necessary for the sentence to convey the idea or additional.
Here in option A. located behind the ear is additional information. Thus, it is presented as non essential form separated by comma.

Even without this information we can deliver the intended message. Therefore, presenting this part separated by comma is ok.

Further a habit or the habit is a split. We should use a habit, because we are talking about general habit of smoking not any specific referenced smoking.
C and E can be eliminated.

We can eliminate B and D because located behind the ear is presented as essential information, but in original sentence it is presented as non essential.

In surprising medical news, scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
a. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
b. brain located behind the ear can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit
c. brain, located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking
d. brain located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.
e. brain, the one located behind the ear, can instantly and permanently break the habit of smoking

I thought that the comma was not logically placed because that part of the sentence was crucial for understanding.

Either way, don't you prefer the term "the habit of smoking" to the term "a smoking habit"?


Read following sentence don't you think that sentence without modifier is expressing main idea.
Scientists investigating long-term effects of stroke are reporting that injury to a specific part of the brain can instantly and permanently break a smoking habit.

Further to understand the difference between the and a have a look at following sentences.
I saw a animal
I saw the animal

a animal refers to any animal not any specific one.
Lets say we know the context and we know a tiger is around and if some one says I saw the animal then in that case the animal is referring to the tiger a specific animal. Similarly the smoking is referring to some specific case of smoking but we want to express general smoking.


I hope its clear now.
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2014, 11:14
I was confused between A and C. Why not C?
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Re: In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2014, 11:17
Sorry, my mistake. I missed the 'a habit' and 'the habit' thing. Here we are not talking about any specific habit. So C is out.

A is the answer.

Thanks.
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In surprising medical news, scientists investigating [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2015, 10:02
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Discussing about comma... It is the basic modifiers concept. I would suggest that u read the entire topic rather than going in brief, because everyone need strong basics in modifiers, GMAT's fav area of play.
Inorder to clear the confusion between A and C, one need to understand the importance of the prepositional phrase and one word modifiers.

Smoking Habit: SMOKING one word Modifier(adjective). It answers WHAT IS or WHAT KIND OF HABIT? there are many habits and smoking is one among them.

Habit of Smoking: OF SMOKING(Prepositional Phrase). WHAT IS THE STATE OF SMOKING?. This indicates there are many kinds/states of smoking and HABIT is one among them.

In other words
Car Tyre: This directly indicates information of tyre and CAR is just Modifier.
Tyre of the car: This is talking about ONE OF THE TYRES OF THE PARTICULAR CAR/ TYRE OF ANY CAR(if no THE).
In surprising medical news, scientists investigating   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2015, 10:02
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