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In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern

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In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2010, 04:45
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

77% (02:01) correct 22% (00:51) wrong based on 22 sessions
In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania, and when canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, there were substantial supplies of coal that was exported to the nation’s growing mills, forges, factories, and railways.

A. when canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, there were
substantial supplies of coal that was
B. once canals and eventually railroads reaching into the region, there were
substantial supplies of coal having been
C. with canals and eventually railroads reaching into the region, there had been
substantial supplies of coal
D. canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, with substantial supplies
of coal being
E. as canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, substantial supplies of
coal were
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Re: Anthracite coalfields [#permalink] New post 16 Jun 2010, 06:52
Initially it was A/E for me. But A is too wordy with unnecessary that + verb form after there + verb form.

E is concise.
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Re: Anthracite coalfields [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2010, 23:31
Only E seems okey, plain past tense and crispy construction
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Re: Anthracite coalfields [#permalink] New post 11 Jul 2010, 00:22
yeah, i agree w/ everyone here. E is best: most direct (active voice) and concise way to say it
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 00:04
whats wrong with A folks..

is the presence of 'was' instead of 'were' an issue?
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 09:45
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Sachin9 wrote:
whats wrong with A folks..

is the presence of 'was' instead of 'were' an issue?


out of the 2 constructions:

A.) "there were substantial supplies of coal that was"
AND
E.) "substantial supplies of coal were"

the second construction is much better; says the same thing in fewer words.
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 12:48
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Sachin9 wrote:
whats wrong with A folks..

is the presence of 'was' instead of 'were' an issue?


Yes singular verb 'was' contradicts with plural noun "supplies of coal".

Also (A) uses wordier construction than (E)
(A) Wordier: there were substantial supplies of coal that was
(E) Concise: substantial supplies of coal were
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 21:52
I believe (A) is the answer, even though (A) is wordier than (E)


"substantial supplies of coal were exported" or "the coal was exported" ? Obviously the coal was exported not the supplies ...

What is the OA?
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2013, 22:39
Expert's post
Practicegmat wrote:
I believe (A) is the answer, even though (A) is wordier than (E)


"substantial supplies of coal were exported" or "the coal was exported" ? Obviously the coal was exported not the supplies ...

What is the OA?

Just coal can mean anything i.e. in small quantity as well as in large quantity. The logic of the sentence asks for the coal in large quantity. Also, in A "that" modifies "substantial supplies of coal" and not "coal".
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2013, 21:03
Practicegmat wrote:
I believe (A) is the answer, even though (A) is wordier than (E)


"substantial supplies of coal were exported" or "the coal was exported" ? Obviously the coal was exported not the supplies ...

What is the OA?


The mistake you are making is just looking at a small portion of the sentence. "substantial supplies of coal were exported" and "substantial supplies of coal was exported". By comparing the two you can just use your ear and hear that the second one is wrong.
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2013, 08:52
In the 1820’s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern Pennsylvania, and when canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, there were substantial supplies of coal that was exported to the nation’s growing mills, forges, factories, and railways.

A. when canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, there were
substantial supplies of coal that was
B. once canals and eventually railroads reaching into the region, there were
substantial supplies of coal having been
C. with canals and eventually railroads reaching into the region, there had been
substantial supplies of coal
D. canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, with substantial supplies
of coal being
E. as canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, substantial supplies of
coal were

the focus of meaning in A is changed. A is considered the distorted meaning.

when the canale reached, there were something

is the focus of meaning in A.

in E,

comma+with phrase is absolute structure which provide the context for main clause, in this case, "coalfield open and canal reached" . E means
in the context that the export rises, coalfield opened. This is not logic.

E is typical wrong answer which is grammatical but contains meaning problem. absolute phrase modifying wrongly the main clause is the favorite of gmat. this situation happen often in og and gmatprep.

gmat distort the logic meaning relation into the distorted meaning relation to test out ability to convey the intended meaning or the right focus of meaning.
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2013, 08:53
sorry, my analysis of absolute phrase above in in choice D not E. sorry
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Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2013, 20:33
I couldn't find any error in D also. the sentence after 'and' is an independent one. Please check options D & E below.

D) canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, with substantial supplies of coal being exported to the nation’s growing mills, forges, factories, and railways.

E) as canals and eventually railroads reached into the region, substantial supplies of coal were exported to the nation’s growing mills, forges, factories, and railways

Clause that starts with 'as' is a conditional clause. Is it correct to use second clause with 'as' ?
Re: In the 1820s, anthracite coalfields opened in eastern   [#permalink] 11 Feb 2013, 20:33
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