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In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many

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In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2010, 19:04
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In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 11 Mar 2010, 19:52
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vscid wrote:
In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries. - more money, relatively speaking, not discussed in the stimulus.
2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts. - goes hand-in-hand with the statement - "waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front."
3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase. - we don't know about this, we only know that it is industrial and commercial space.
4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives. - tax incentives are not discussed, careful not to assume.
5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront. - weakens actually, if interior spaces are more expensive, real estate developers won't be looking at waterfront properties.

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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2010, 07:09
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my pick is (B)

In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

a)People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
>>> This does not effect property developers profit

b)Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
>>> Since homeowners are willing to spend large sums on residential properties in industrial district, it is likely that developers will make profits by making buildings on those properties because as per the premise waterfront properties were taken by industry and commerce

c)Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
>>> This does not effect property developers profit

d)Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
>>> Tax incentives are no where mentioned in premise

e)Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.
>>> out of scope
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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 29 May 2010, 10:38
My take is C. What is the OA?
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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 29 May 2010, 20:31
OA is B, it is from OG, if i am not mistaken...
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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 04 May 2013, 23:02
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vscid wrote:
In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.


KEY is: the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce ==> New residential buildings should be built on the waterfront that used to be industry and commerce districts.

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
Wrong. Out of scope.

2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
Correct. A developer can make profit ONLY IF customers are willing to pay for properties used to be industrial or commercial districts. If Customers are not willing to pay, a developer's plan will fail.

3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
Wrong. Shell game. What if there are many available lots but nobody wants to buy?

4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
Wrong. Out of scope.

5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.
Wrong. Out of scope

Hope it helps.
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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 05 May 2013, 00:25
pqhai wrote:
vscid wrote:
In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.


KEY is: the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce ==> New residential buildings should be built on the waterfront that used to be industry and commerce districts.

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
Wrong. Out of scope.

2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
Correct. A developer can make profit ONLY IF customers are willing to pay for properties used to be industrial or commercial districts. If Customers are not willing to pay, a developer's plan will fail.

3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
Wrong. Shell game. What if there are many available lots but nobody wants to buy?

4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
Wrong. Out of scope.

5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.
Wrong. Out of scope

Hope it helps.



The conclusion is :A developer who wishes to make a large profit invests in waterfront.

So our strengthening argument must be supporting this statement. My pick is D.

It is telling that the agents will make more money out of the deal'
as far the B is concerned : it is just restating the premise :Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front.


Please discuss :)
and please post the OA and OE.



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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2013, 11:46
pqhai wrote:
vscid wrote:
In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.


KEY is: the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce ==> New residential buildings should be built on the waterfront that used to be industry and commerce districts.

1]People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries.
Wrong. Out of scope.

2]Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts.
Correct. A developer can make profit ONLY IF customers are willing to pay for properties used to be industrial or commercial districts. If Customers are not willing to pay, a developer's plan will fail.

3]Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase.
Wrong. Shell game. What if there are many available lots but nobody wants to buy?

4]Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives.
Wrong. Out of scope.

5]Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront.
Wrong. Out of scope

Hope it helps.


You know... I picked B first but then I thought how they talked about making a large profit as a conclusion based on the evidence that large sums were being paid, so I thought that we needed to find an option that would not make costs increase or at least be stable so that we could conclude that, so the only option that seemed to fit was D....

I've seen the Revenues-Profit trick a couple of times, I its pretty common on CR passages especially 700-800

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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 30 Sep 2013, 00:28
Hi, This tread is awesome for me....Thanks...
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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 05 Apr 2014, 16:36
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I'm still not convinced between B and D and from the above posts, I'm not alone in this respect. I learned CR based off PowerScore, so this is a 'Strengthen' question, right? Thus, the answer choices are assumed so it doesn't matter that tax incentives aren't mentioned in the passage. We simply need to identify an answer that strengthens the conclusion, which is: A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

I can see how B is correct, but I already see this mentioned in the passage. IE, "as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front." So, since large sums have been paid, they were clearly willing to pay the large sums (unless they were forced).

In terms of D, tax incentives lead to a higher profit, which strengthens the argument in my opinion.
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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2014, 02:32
I agree with B not being the best answer. Since this question is not from OG, I am just gonna categorize it as a badly design question...
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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2014, 05:08
In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

Conc.: To make large profits, a developer should buy WF (earlier for industrial and commerce use) and erect RB on them.
Few assumptions can be:
1. If no such WFs are available for purchase or
2. WFs are available but no purchaser or
3. Purchaser/developer is available but no buyer of build residential properties or
4. Buyers are available but they are not willing to buy RB on earlier used-to-be-industrial/commercial places.


A] People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries - OFS
B] Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts - Correct. Buyers are available and they are willing to spend on erstwhile ind./comm. properties
C] Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase - Go with one of assumptions but Option B is more strong as what if lots are available for purchase but no buyer is available ? Hence wrong.
D] Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives - Question talks about profits. What if developer erect property because of great tax-incentive but could not find any buyer for this property ? He will suffer losses.
E] Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront - OFS


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Re: In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2015, 23:36
dinesh86 wrote:
In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many coastal American cities that the waterfront was an undesirable location for residential buildings. As a result, much of the waterfront in these cities was never developed aesthetically and instead was left to industry and commerce. Today, however, waterfront properties are generally seen as prestigious, as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front. A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the claim made about urban waterfront properties?

Conc.: To make large profits, a developer should buy WF (earlier for industrial and commerce use) and erect RB on them.
Few assumptions can be:
1. If no such WFs are available for purchase or
2. WFs are available but no purchaser or
3. Purchaser/developer is available but no buyer of build residential properties or
4. Buyers are available but they are not willing to buy RB on earlier used-to-be-industrial/commercial places.


A] People today have more money, relatively speaking, to spend on real estate than they did in previous centuries - OFS
B] Homeowners will be willing to spend large sums on residential properties in traditionally industrial or commercial districts - Correct. Buyers are available and they are willing to spend on erstwhile ind./comm. properties
C] Many urban waterfront lots are available for purchase - Go with one of assumptions but Option B is more strong as what if lots are available for purchase but no buyer is available ? Hence wrong.
D] Many coastal American cities are encouraging developers to rehabilitate the waterfront through tax incentives - Question talks about profits. What if developer erect property because of great tax-incentive but could not find any buyer for this property ? He will suffer losses.
E] Properties in interior residential districts in coastal American cities are significantly more expensive than those along the waterfront - OFS


Give Kudo if you find my explanation useful......


Hi Dinesh

As you explained in the option D, if buyers are not available for beach properties but as the argument clearly stated that these days people are paying large sums for beach properties. So this is evident from the passage and this option can also have fair chance of winning.
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In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many [#permalink] New post 28 Apr 2015, 21:03
bekerman wrote:
I'm still not convinced between B and D and from the above posts, I'm not alone in this respect. I learned CR based off PowerScore, so this is a 'Strengthen' question, right? Thus, the answer choices are assumed so it doesn't matter that tax incentives aren't mentioned in the passage. We simply need to identify an answer that strengthens the conclusion, which is: A developer who wishes to make a large profit would be wise to buy urban waterfront lots and erect residential buildings on them.

I can see how B is correct, but I already see this mentioned in the passage. IE, "as evidenced by the large sums paid for homes along the beach front." So, since large sums have been paid, they were clearly willing to pay the large sums (unless they were forced).

In terms of D, tax incentives lead to a higher profit, which strengthens the argument in my opinion.



Exactly! B) looked obvious from the question stem : since people were ready to pay large sums, they were clearly willing to buy it!

Experts , explanation needed ! mikemcgarry, can you help us here?

Also can anyone explain why is E) wrong?
If the developer wants large profit and people are ready to pay huge sums then its important that the plots cost him less as well right? Isn't that the gap in the argument?
In the 18th and 19th centuries, it was believed in many   [#permalink] 28 Apr 2015, 21:03
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