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In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial

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In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2010, 21:14
In the 1930’s and 1940’s, African American industrial workers in the southern United States, who constituted 80 percent of the unskilled factory labor force there, strongly supported unionization. While the American Federation of Labor (AFL) either excluded African Americans or maintained racially segregated unions, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) organized integrated unions nationwide on the basis of a stated policy of equal rights for all, and African American unionists provided the CIO’s backbone. Yet it can be argued that through contracts negotiated and enforced by White union members, unions—CIO unions not excluded—were often instrumental in maintaining the occupational segregation and other forms of racial discrimination that kept African Americans socially and economically oppressed during this period. However, recognizing employers’ power over workers as a central factor in African Americans’ economic marginal ization, African American workers saw the need to join with White workers in seeking change despite White unionists’ toleration of or support for racial discrimination. The persistent efforts of African American unionists eventually paid off: many became highly effective organizers, gaining the respect of even racist White unionists by winning victories for White as well as African American workers. African American unionists thus succeeded in strengthening the unions while using them as instruments of African Americans’ economic empowerment.


The passage is primarily concerned with

A. demonstrating that unions failed to address the concerns of African American workers during a particular period
B. arguing that African American workers’ participation in unions during a particular period was ultimately beneficial to them
C. contrasting the treatment of African American workers by two different labor organizations during a particular period
D. giving reasons for the success of African American unionists in winning victories for both African American and White workers during a particular period
E. questioning one explanation for the attitudes of African American workers toward unionization during a particular period
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


According to the passage, which of the following was true of many racist White unionists during the period discussed in the passage?

A. Their attitudes toward African American union organizers changed once they recognized that the activities of these organizers were serving workers’ interests.
B. They were a powerful element in the southern labor movement because they constituted the majority of the unskilled factory labor force in the southern United States.
C. They persisted in opposing the CIO’s adoption of a stated policy of equal rights for all.
D. Their primary goal was to strengthen the negotiating power of the unions through increasing White union membership.
E. Their advocacy of racial discrimination hampered unions in their efforts to gain more power for workers.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A


The author of the passage suggests which of the following about African American workers who participated in union activities in the 1930’s and 1940’s?

A. They believed that the elimination of discrimination within unions was a necessary first step toward the achievement of economic advancement for African Americans.
B. They belonged exclusively to CIO unions because they were excluded from AFL unions.
C. They believed that the economic advancement of African American workers depended on organized efforts to empower all workers.
D. Some of them advocated the organization of separate African American unions because of discriminatory practices in the AFL and the CIO.
E. Many of them did not believe that White unionists in CIO unions would tolerate or support racial discrimination against African American workers.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


Last edited by JarvisR on 29 Jun 2015, 08:06, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted the Para and added a missing Qs
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2010, 00:28
ACE are all out.
Stuck between B & D.
D- talks about reasons for the success of the unionists. However there are no ' reasons' as such mentioned in the entire passage except for the fact that line 38 states that "many became highly effective organizers.
B- states that the passages talks about African americans participation in unions during a particular period was beneficial to them.

Hence, IMO B is the right answer.
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2010, 14:35
The passage is primarily concerned with


A. demonstrating that unions failed to address the concerns of African American workers during a particular period

B. arguing that African American workers’ participation in unions during a particular period was ultimately beneficial to them

C. contrasting the treatment of African American workers by two different labor organizations during a particular period

D. giving reasons for the success of African American unionists in winning victories for both African American and White workers during a particular period

E. questioning one explanation for the attitudes of African American workers toward unionization during a particular period


I personalize and try to find the reasons why will I write such para if I need to write one.. and then strike out the options..

A: it is true but does not capture the main idea..
Clearly B is the answer..
C. contrasting treatment by 2 diff organization is not the idea author wants to convey.
D. Author does not intend to convey the reasons of success..
E. author is not questioning explanation.

Please confirm the OA..
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 07:06
I got B for this one.
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 22:54
me in for B...
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2010, 19:46
either B or D... what is the OA??? Plsss..
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2010, 05:42
B for me too
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2010, 08:46
I think it should be B.
Please cnofirm the OA.
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2013, 07:04
But B mentions 'argue' ... i don't think there was any arguement over here as such ...
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2013, 03:02
B IS THE ANSWER......OA PLEASE!!!!!
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 16 May 2015, 23:37
Line 17--> "Yet it can be argued…"
Line 36--> "The persistent efforts of African American unionists eventually paid off"

Option (B) states the purpose of the passage as the author is arguing to prove the point that the participation of African American workers eventually proved beneficial to the workers.
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial   [#permalink] 16 May 2015, 23:37
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