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In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial

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In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 02 Sep 2010, 21:14
In the 1930’s and 1940’s,
African American industrial
workers in the southern United
Line States, who constituted 80 per-
(5) cent of the unskilled factory labor
force there, strongly supported
unionization. While the American
Federation of Labor (AFL) either
excluded African Americans or
(10 ) maintained racially segregated
unions, the Congress of Industrial
Organizations (CIO) organized
integrated unions nationwide on the
basis of a stated policy of equal
(15) rights for all, and African American
unionists provided the CIO’s backbone.
Yet it can be argued that
through contracts negotiated and
enforced by White union mem-
(20) bers, unions—CIO unions not
excluded—were often instrumental
in maintaining the occupational
segregation and other forms of
racial discrimination that kept
(25) African Americans socially and
economically oppressed during
this period. However, recognizing
employers’ power over workers
as a central factor in African
(30) Americans’ economic marginal17
ization, African American workers
saw the need to join with White
workers in seeking change despite
White unionists’ toleration of or
(35) support for racial discrimination.
The persistent efforts of African
American unionists eventually paid
off: many became highly effective
organizers, gaining the respect of
(40) even racist White unionists by winning
victories for White as well as
African American workers. African
American unionists thus succeeded
in strengthening the unions while
(45) using them as instruments of
African Americans’ economic
empowerment.



The passage is primarily concerned with


A. demonstrating that unions failed to address the concerns of African American workers during a particular period

B. arguing that African American workers’ participation in unions during a particular period was ultimately beneficial to them

C. contrasting the treatment of African American workers by two different labor organizations during a particular period

D. giving reasons for the success of African American unionists in winning victories for both African American and White workers during a particular period

E. questioning one explanation for the attitudes of African American workers toward unionization during a particular period
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Re: African American industrial workers [#permalink] New post 03 Sep 2010, 00:28
ACE are all out.
Stuck between B & D.
D- talks about reasons for the success of the unionists. However there are no ' reasons' as such mentioned in the entire passage except for the fact that line 38 states that "many became highly effective organizers.
B- states that the passages talks about African americans participation in unions during a particular period was beneficial to them.

Hence, IMO B is the right answer.
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Re: African American industrial workers [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2010, 14:35
The passage is primarily concerned with


A. demonstrating that unions failed to address the concerns of African American workers during a particular period

B. arguing that African American workers’ participation in unions during a particular period was ultimately beneficial to them

C. contrasting the treatment of African American workers by two different labor organizations during a particular period

D. giving reasons for the success of African American unionists in winning victories for both African American and White workers during a particular period

E. questioning one explanation for the attitudes of African American workers toward unionization during a particular period


I personalize and try to find the reasons why will I write such para if I need to write one.. and then strike out the options..

A: it is true but does not capture the main idea..
Clearly B is the answer..
C. contrasting treatment by 2 diff organization is not the idea author wants to convey.
D. Author does not intend to convey the reasons of success..
E. author is not questioning explanation.

Please confirm the OA..
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Re: African American industrial workers [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 07:06
I got B for this one.
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Re: African American industrial workers [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 22:54
me in for B...
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Re-taking GMAT. Hope the charm works this time.. :)

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Re: African American industrial workers [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2010, 19:46
either B or D... what is the OA??? Plsss..
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Re: African American industrial workers [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2010, 05:42
B for me too
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Re: African American industrial workers [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2010, 08:46
I think it should be B.
Please cnofirm the OA.
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2013, 07:04
But B mentions 'argue' ... i don't think there was any arguement over here as such ...
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Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2013, 03:02
B IS THE ANSWER......OA PLEASE!!!!!
Re: In the 1930's and 1940's, African American industrial   [#permalink] 19 Feb 2013, 03:02
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