Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 22 Aug 2014, 07:55

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

What is the difficulty level of this question

You may select 1 option
Author Message
TAGS:
Expert Post
Current Student
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 249

Kudos [?]: 862 [0], given: 82

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member
In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2013, 12:06
Expert's post
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

55% (01:47) correct 45% (00:43) wrong based on 95 sessions
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.

A) publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B) publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C) publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D) publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E) publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Press Kudos if you want to say thanks

Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia | Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- VERBAL | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- IR

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Dec 2011
Posts: 10
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink] New post 21 Feb 2013, 10:17
IMO E.

which- modifying profit.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2013
Posts: 18
GMAT 1: 720 Q48 V41
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 1

Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink] New post 21 Feb 2013, 11:04
My answer would be A.

A) publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%. - Correct Choice.
B) publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%. - Changes the meaning
C) publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%. - Pronoun Error
D) publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s. - use of ; requires an independent clause - the clause here does not have a subject
E) publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s. - Which incorrectly modifies the publishing company
_________________

Consider Kudos if my post helps.

Expert Post
Current Student
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 249

Kudos [?]: 862 [0], given: 82

GMAT ToolKit User GMAT Tests User Premium Member
Re: In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2013, 05:43
Expert's post
Vercules wrote:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.


A) publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.

Correct. The use of semicolon the first sentence is correct as it connects two closely related clauses. The comparison made is also contextually and grammatically correct. “In the 1980s” is correctly compared with “in the 2000s” and both are grammatically parallel. The use of “this proportion” unambiguously refers to the proportion of “computer books sales” in the first part of the sentence.

B) publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.

This answer choice contains two errors. First, the phrase “increased by 40%” incorrectly changes the meaning of the original sentence, implying that “40%” indicates the relative magnitude of the increase rather than the new proportion of “advertising revenues” in the structure of “operating profits.” Second, the pronoun “they” is ambiguous and does not have a clear antecedent and could refer to either “operating profits” or “computer books’ sales.”

C) publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.

The comma is incorrectly used to join two independent clauses, thus making the sentence run-on. rather than with a semicolon or with a connecting conjunction. Further, the pronoun “they” lacks a clear antecedent and could be interpreted to refer either “operating profits” or “computer books’ sales.”

D) publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.

This answer choice incorrectly uses a semicolon to connect two clauses, only one of which can stand alone. The phrase “increasing to 40% in the 1980s” is not an independent clause and cannot follow the semicolon. Furthermore, by moving the time reference “in the 2000s” from the beginning of the second clause to the end, this answer choice violates parallelism with the non-underlined portion of the sentence that begins with another time reference “In the 1980s.”

E) publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s

“Which” is used incorrectly; clauses introduced by the relative pronoun “which” can refer only to the immediately preceding noun. In this case, the relative pronoun “which” refers to “a typical book publishing company,” thus illogically suggesting that “a typical book publishing company” was the subject of the increase. Finally, by moving the time reference “in the 2000s” from the beginning of the second clause to the end, this answer choice does not maintain parallel structure with the non-underlined portion of the sentence that begins with the time reference “In the 1980s.”

Vercules
_________________

Press Kudos if you want to say thanks

Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia | Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- VERBAL | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- IR

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Nov 2012
Posts: 69
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 650 Q51 V26
GMAT 2: 690 Q50 V32
GMAT 3: 710 Q51 V34
GPA: 2.7
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 82

Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 02:26
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.
_________________

C'est la vie

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 13
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 02:45
mshrek wrote:
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.


Hi,
"which" in option E is modifying "company" not "proportion". Noun modifiers modify the closest noun.
So, the correct option is A.

Hope this helps.
Thank you.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 12 Nov 2012
Posts: 69
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 650 Q51 V26
GMAT 2: 690 Q50 V32
GMAT 3: 710 Q51 V34
GPA: 2.7
WE: Analyst (Computer Software)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 82

Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 03:04
aniteshgmat1101 wrote:
mshrek wrote:
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.


Hi,
"which" in option E is modifying "company" not "proportion". Noun modifiers modify the closest noun.
So, the correct option is A.

Hope this helps.
Thank you.


Hi ,
Here is the link i was referring to : our-understanding-was-that-she-would-continue-to-cover-the-104891.html
Can you please have a look at it and still say that "E" is incorrect only for the reason mentioned by you.
I had the same thought process as you are having untill i came across that link :shock: :?
_________________

C'est la vie

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 13
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Re: Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 03:25
Thanx for providing the link.
The question mentioned in the link:
"Our understanding was that she would continue to cover the costs of school enrollment and room and board for the children, which she verbally agreed to pay with the rest of the family."

In this sentence "which" is modifying a group of costs, which it follows. So, the use of which is correct here since Noun is the all of the costs. Confusion could have happened if any of the options had "all of which".
Hence here also "which" is referring to the closest set of noun. You can evaluate both the questions and see the difference in use of "which" and the meaning change.

Hope this helped.
Expert Post
Moderator
Moderator
User avatar
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done!!
Joined: 29 Aug 2012
Posts: 348
Location: India
Followers: 16

Kudos [?]: 254 [0], given: 117

Re: Placement of a prepositional modifier [#permalink] New post 14 Jul 2014, 03:29
Expert's post
mshrek wrote:
I somewhere read in this forum that prepositional phrases can exist between a noun and a noun modifier such as "which". In this context i would like to know why is answer "E" wrong. Since,which is preceded by a prepositional phrase.

Here is the question:
In the 1980s computer books’ sales accounted for approximately 4% of operating profits of a typical publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
A.publishing company; in the 2000s this proportion increased to 40%.
B.publishing company; in the 2000s they increased by 40%.
C.publishing company, in the 2000s they increased to 40%.
D.publishing company; increasing to 40% in the 2000s.
E.publishing company, which increased to 40% in the 2000s.


Merging Similar topics, Please read the detailed explanation given above.

Also please read the forum rules before posting any questions. Thanks.
_________________

Believe you can and you're halfway there- Theodore Roosevelt

My Blog

Rules for posting in Quants Forum || Rules for posting in verbal forum

Improving from V30 to V40 | Improving from Q35-40 to Q47 | Bunuel Special Problem Collections New!!


Get the best GMAT Prep Resources with GMAT Club Premium Membership

Re: Placement of a prepositional modifier   [#permalink] 14 Jul 2014, 03:29
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Experts publish their posts in the topic Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to souvik101990 0 05 Jan 2013, 15:47
Experts publish their posts in the topic In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for aditi1903 5 08 Oct 2012, 07:14
1 Experts publish their posts in the topic In the 1980s advertising revenues accounted for GetThisDone 4 26 Apr 2012, 06:31
11 Experts publish their posts in the topic Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to LM 40 06 May 2010, 11:37
3 Sales of wines declines in the late 1980s, but they began to I3igDmsu 26 07 Jun 2009, 18:13
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the 1980s computer books sales accounted for

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.