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In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an

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In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2014, 00:17
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The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition

In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin and has slope 2. If points (3,y) and (x,4) are on line k, then x+y =

(A) 3.5
(B) 7
(C) 8
(D) 10
(E) 14

Problem Solving
Question: 102
Category: Algebra Simple coordinate geometry
Page: 74
Difficulty: 650


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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2014, 00:17
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SOLUTION

In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin and has slope 2. If points (3,y) and (x,4) are on line k, then x+y =

(A) 3.5
(B) 7
(C) 8
(D) 10
(E) 14

Any line which passes through the origin has a form of \(y=mx\), since \(m=2\) (the slope of a line), then we have that the equation of our line is \(y=2x\). Now, if we substitute the coordinates of two points we'll get:

For point (3,y) --> \(y=2*3=6\);

For point (x,4) --> \(4=2x\) --> \(x=2\);

\(x+y=8\).

Answer: C.
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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2014, 02:09
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Option C.
Origin=(0,0)
Let P1=(3,y)
Equation for line=>y-0=2(3-0)
y=6
Similarly,4-0=2(x-0)
x=2
x+y=8
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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 19 Feb 2014, 20:37
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Slope of a line which passes through two point (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) is given by-
m=(y2-y1)/(x2-x1)

here m = 2
Here one point is Origin (0,0)
substituting the given values -
2 =(y-0)/(3-0)
y= 6

Similarly, for other point
2 =(4-0)/(x-0)
x =2


So x+y = 8

So correct answer is option C
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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2014, 05:00
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SOLUTION

In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin and has slope 2. If points (3,y) and (x,4) are on line k, then x+y =

(A) 3.5
(B) 7
(C) 8
(D) 10
(E) 14

Any line which passes through the origin has a form of \(y=mx\), since \(m=2\) (the slope of a line), then we have that the equation of our line is \(y=2x\). Now, if we substitute the coordinates of two points we'll get:

For point (3,y) --> \(y=2*3=6\);

For point (x,4) --> \(4=2x\) --> \(x=2\);

\(x+y=8\).

Answer: C.
_________________

NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis ; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) ; 12. Tricky questions from previous years.

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2015, 02:54
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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2015, 06:50
Bunuel wrote:
The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition

In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin and has slope 2. If points (3,y) and (x,4) are on line k, then x+y =

(A) 3.5
(B) 7
(C) 8
(D) 10
(E) 14

Problem Solving
Question: 102
Category: Algebra Simple coordinate geometry
Page: 74
Difficulty: 650


GMAT Club is introducing a new project: The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition - Quantitative Questions Project

Each week we'll be posting several questions from The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition and then after couple of days we'll provide Official Answer (OA) to them along with a slution.

We'll be glad if you participate in development of this project:
1. Please provide your solutions to the questions;
2. Please vote for the best solutions by pressing Kudos button;
3. Please vote for the questions themselves by pressing Kudos button;
4. Please share your views on difficulty level of the questions, so that we have most precise evaluation.

Thank you!



Similar question : in-the-coordinate-plane-points-x-1-and-10-y-163337.html
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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2015, 18:29
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Hi All,

This question can be solved with a "brute force" approach, as long as you understand the Graphing vocabulary involved.

We're told that a line passes through the ORIGIN (meaning point 0,0) and has a SLOPE of 2 (meaning the Y-coordinate increases by 2 every time the X-coordiinate increases by 1).

Thus, we can list the first several points (starting at the Origin) without too much trouble:
(0, 0)
(1, 2)
(2, 4)
(3, 6)
(4, 8)
(5, 10)
Etc.

We're told that (3, Y) and (X, 4) are on this line. We're asked for the value of X+Y....

From the list (above), we can see that Y = 6 and that X = 2, so X+Y = 2+6 = 8

Final Answer:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


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Re: In the coordinate plane, line k passes through the origin an   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2015, 18:29
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