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In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D

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In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 06:56
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A
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Question Stats:

22% (03:36) correct 78% (02:36) wrong based on 469 sessions
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In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are distinct digits. What is the sum of E, F, and G ?

(1) A, B, and C are consecutive odd integers

(2) E = 2
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 12:22
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In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are distinct digits. What is the sum of E, F, and G ?

AD
BD
CD
---
EFG

Notice that E can be only 1 or 2 (no sum of 3 two-digit numbers can give number more than 297).

(1) A, B, and C are consecutive odd integers. 3 cases are possible:

(i) A, B, and C are 1, 3, and 5 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 1+3+5=9 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1, which is not possible since we are told that the digits are distinct and we already have 1 (A, B, or C);

(ii) A, B, and C are 3, 5, and 7 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 3+5+7=15 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1. So, D can be 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 9. After trial and error we can get that only D=4 will give all distinct digits:
34
54
74
---
162

E+F+G=9.

(iii) A, B, and C are 5, 7, and 9 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 5+7+9=21 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 2. So, D can be 1, 3, 4, 6, or 8. After trial and error we can get that only D=8 will give all distinct digits:
58
78
98
---
234

E+F+G=9.

So, as you can see in both valid cases (ii and iii) the sum of E, F, and G is 9. Sufficient.

(2) E = 2. After some trial and error you can find that several numbers can be found which will give different values for the sum of E, F, and G, for example: 58+78+98=234 and 38+78+98=214. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

P.S. Though not very hard this question is not likely to appear on the GMAT because of long and boring math.
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 13:12
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 23:12
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In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are distinct digits. What is the sum of E, F, and G ?

(1) A, B, and C are consecutive odd integers

(2) E = 2


I concur with Bunuel here. You are not likely to see this, at least not in DS format. You could possibly see something similar in PS format and it will be based on logic, not hit and trial. Hit and trial makes it long, repetitive and cumbersome, things GMAT doesn't mess with. You will have a starting point and there will be a reason why an alphabet will stand for a particular digit.
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2012, 23:21
Ya hopefully shall never see this on the GMAT.

Was dumbfounded :-(
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 17 Oct 2013, 22:09
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 18 Oct 2013, 08:34
Bunuel wrote:
In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are distinct digits. What is the sum of E, F, and G ?

AD
BD
CD
---
EFG

Notice that E can be only 1 or 2 (no sum of 3 two-digit numbers can give number more than 297).

(1) A, B, and C are consecutive odd integers. 3 cases are possible:

(i) A, B, and C are 1, 3, and 5 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 1+3+5=9 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1, which is not possible since we are told that the digits are distinct and we already have 1 (A, B, or C);

(ii) A, B, and C are 3, 5, and 7 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 3+5+7=15 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1. So, D can be 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 9. After trial and error we can get that only D=4 will give all distinct digits:
34
54
74
---
162

E+F+G=9.

(iii) A, B, and C are 5, 7, and 9 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 5+7+9=21 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 2. So, D can be 1, 3, 4, 6, or 8. After trial and error we can get that only D=8 will give all distinct digits:
58
78
98
---
234

E+F+G=9.

So, as you can see in both valid cases (ii and iii) the sum of E, F, and G is 9. Sufficient.

(2) E = 2. After some trial and error you can find that several numbers can be found which will give different values for the sum of E, F, and G, for example: 58+78+98=234 and 38+78+98=214. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

P.S. Though not very hard this question is not likely to appear on the GMAT because of long and boring math.


Hi Bunuel ,

Just curious to know why A=1,B=3,C=5 and sum = 9 and the resulting number 96 cannot be the case. It says any digits so why EFG =096 cant be a possibility??
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2013, 12:20
Expert's post
adg142000 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are distinct digits. What is the sum of E, F, and G ?

AD
BD
CD
---
EFG

Notice that E can be only 1 or 2 (no sum of 3 two-digit numbers can give number more than 297).

(1) A, B, and C are consecutive odd integers. 3 cases are possible:

(i) A, B, and C are 1, 3, and 5 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 1+3+5=9 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1, which is not possible since we are told that the digits are distinct and we already have 1 (A, B, or C);

(ii) A, B, and C are 3, 5, and 7 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 3+5+7=15 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1. So, D can be 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 9. After trial and error we can get that only D=4 will give all distinct digits:
34
54
74
---
162

E+F+G=9.

(iii) A, B, and C are 5, 7, and 9 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 5+7+9=21 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 2. So, D can be 1, 3, 4, 6, or 8. After trial and error we can get that only D=8 will give all distinct digits:
58
78
98
---
234

E+F+G=9.

So, as you can see in both valid cases (ii and iii) the sum of E, F, and G is 9. Sufficient.

(2) E = 2. After some trial and error you can find that several numbers can be found which will give different values for the sum of E, F, and G, for example: 58+78+98=234 and 38+78+98=214. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

P.S. Though not very hard this question is not likely to appear on the GMAT because of long and boring math.


Hi Bunuel ,

Just curious to know why A=1,B=3,C=5 and sum = 9 and the resulting number 96 cannot be the case. It says any digits so why EFG =096 cant be a possibility??


From the stem we can assume that E is not 0.
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2013, 19:27
Expert's post
adg142000 wrote:

Hi Bunuel ,

Just curious to know why A=1,B=3,C=5 and sum = 9 and the resulting number 96 cannot be the case. It says any digits so why EFG =096 cant be a possibility??


To add to what Bunuel said, the question stem tells us that when we add three 2 digit numbers, we get a 3 digit number. Had you obtained a 2 digit number as the sum, you would have wirtten the addition as

AD
BD
CD
---
FG

and not EFG.
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2014, 15:34
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
carcass wrote:
In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are distinct digits. What is the sum of E, F, and G ?

(1) A, B, and C are consecutive odd integers

(2) E = 2


I concur with Bunuel here. You are not likely to see this, at least not in DS format. You could possibly see something similar in PS format and it will be based on logic, not hit and trial. Hit and trial makes it long, repetitive and cumbersome, things GMAT doesn't mess with. You will have a starting point and there will be a reason why an alphabet will stand for a particular digit.


That's a relief. Cause I was able to solve the problem but it took over 5 mins.
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2014, 15:35
Bunuel wrote:
In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are distinct digits. What is the sum of E, F, and G ?

AD
BD
CD
---
EFG

Notice that E can be only 1 or 2 (no sum of 3 two-digit numbers can give number more than 297).

(1) A, B, and C are consecutive odd integers. 3 cases are possible:

(i) A, B, and C are 1, 3, and 5 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 1+3+5=9 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1, which is not possible since we are told that the digits are distinct and we already have 1 (A, B, or C);

(ii) A, B, and C are 3, 5, and 7 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 3+5+7=15 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 1. So, D can be 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 9. After trial and error we can get that only D=4 will give all distinct digits:
34
54
74
---
162

E+F+G=9.

(iii) A, B, and C are 5, 7, and 9 (it doesn't matter which is which) --> 5+7+9=21 then E (hundreds digit) can only be 2. So, D can be 1, 3, 4, 6, or 8. After trial and error we can get that only D=8 will give all distinct digits:
58
78
98
---
234

E+F+G=9.

So, as you can see in both valid cases (ii and iii) the sum of E, F, and G is 9. Sufficient.

(2) E = 2. After some trial and error you can find that several numbers can be found which will give different values for the sum of E, F, and G, for example: 58+78+98=234 and 38+78+98=214. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

P.S. Though not very hard this question is not likely to appear on the GMAT because of long and boring math.


how long does it take when you did your error and trial? It took me almost 7 minutes :(
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Re: In the correctly worked addition problem above, A, B, C, D   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2014, 15:35
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