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Each week we'll be posting several questions from The Official Guide For GMAT® Quantitative Review, 2ND Edition and then after couple of days we'll provide Official Answer (OA) to them along with a slution.

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Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2014, 02:15

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SOLUTION

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?[b][/b]

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2 + bx + 12 = 0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2014, 02:51

From S1:x-3 is a factor of the given equation=>x=3 is a root of the equation.Putting x=3 in the eq x^2+bx+12 we can get the value of b.Hence sufficient. From S2:4 is a root of the equation=>Putting x=4 in the equation we can find out b.Sufficient. Ans.D

Re: In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 09:45

Expert's post

SOLUTION

In the equation x^2 + bx + 12 = 0, x is a variable and b is a constant. What is the value of b ?[b][/b]

(1) x-3 is a factor of x^2 + bx + 12 --> simply means that x=3 is a root of x^2+bx+12=0 (if x-3 is a factor of x^2+bx+12 then x^2+bx+12=(x-3)(x-k)=0, for some k, so x=3 is on of the roots of the equation) --> substitute x=3: 3^2+3b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

(2) 4 is a root of x^2 + bx + 12 = 0 --> the same here, substitute x=4: 4^2+4b+12=0 --> b=-7. Sufficient.

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