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# In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to

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In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 21:33
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In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to prepare for the possibility of battle. When battles occurred, nobles led their knights either in invading surrounding lands, or in defending against the invasion of their lands from surrounding nobles. In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position. Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

a) In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land.
b)In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers.
c)Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles.
d) Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands.
e)Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment.
Source:veri Prep

Can someone plz explain this , totally confused by the stimulus itself
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2013, 04:42
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The conclusion of the stimulus says that "Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success.:
The option A says that only the nobles had the information regarding whether they are going to attack or defend. As the Knights had no idea, they can't decide which techniques need to be practiced. There is no way we can know that the knights regarded the location as insignificant if A is true. Hence, A seriously weakens the conclusion.
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Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2015, 23:18
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TGC wrote:
In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to prepare for the possibility of battle. When battles occurred, nobles led their knights either in invading surrounding lands, or in defending against the invasion of their lands from surrounding nobles. In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position. Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land.
In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers.
Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles.
Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands.
Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment.
Source:veri Prep

Can someone plz explain this , totally confused by the stimulus itself

Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success. , BECAUSE In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position.

Answer Choice A weakens this conclusion because it states that knights did not even know if they would be fighting offensive or defensive!
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Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 11:30
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The conclusion basically is, knights were hired by nobles to prepare for an impending battle. If the conclusion is to be attacked or weakened, all that needs to be done is, prove that the knights will be unable to prepare for the battle or take relevant decisions likewise.

In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land.
If the knights have no clue/knowledge of the land or other such details, then they actually fail to take battle related decisions. Hence, its not point having knights around. Therefore, A.
In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers.
Doesn't address the conclusion at all. Wrong
Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles.
The decision taking capabilities of the knights are at question, not their warrior/fighting skills. Although it does weaken a premise, but the conclusion needs to be attacked, not the premise.
Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands.
The knights's decisions matter, not the nobles'.
Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment.
This actually supports the argument in a way because, no matter what, the knights are still successful in taking decisions. We need to weaken by confirming that knights are unable in taking decisions.

PLease do correct me if my understanding is incorrect.
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Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2015, 22:46
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TGC wrote:
In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to prepare for the possibility of battle. When battles occurred, nobles led their knights either in invading surrounding lands, or in defending against the invasion of their lands from surrounding nobles. In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position. Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land.
In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers.
Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles.
Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands.
Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment.
Source:veri Prep

Can someone plz explain this , totally confused by the stimulus itself

Argument:
Nobles hired knights for battle.
Nobles led knights either in invading or defending.
Knights planned strategies which did not depend on offensive or defensive position.

Conclusion: Knights did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success.

The argument tells us that knights strategies did not depend on position so we are concluding that the knights did not consider location important. The point is that we cannot conclude that. Perhaps they did not know the location and hence did not consider it. Perhaps they did think that location was important to strategy but since they did not know the location, they couldn't plan their strategy based on that.

(A) In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land.
This tells you that knights had no idea about the position and hence it makes sense that they did not consider it in their strategy. So it is not necessary that they did not consider position important. So it weakens our conclusion.

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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Intern Joined: 06 Feb 2014 Posts: 44 Location: United States GPA: 4 WE: Operations (Aerospace and Defense) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 47 [1] , given: 54 Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 Feb 2015, 07:46 1 This post received KUDOS Thank you, Karishma. Much appreciated. Please can you validate my interpretation below. It is a cause-effect relationship, right? "The argument tells us that knights strategies did not depend on position (invading/defending) => so we are concluding that => the knights did not consider location important." Since X So Y (Cause and effect relation?) But in A we are showing that there's an alternate reason to the Effect, and hence we cast doubt/break the cause-effect relationship. Now we are implying that: Since Z so Y. Here Z is "knights had no knowledge if they will be invading or defending. VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: TGC wrote: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to prepare for the possibility of battle. When battles occurred, nobles led their knights either in invading surrounding lands, or in defending against the invasion of their lands from surrounding nobles. In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position. Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above? In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land. In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers. Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles. Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands. Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment. Source:veri Prep Can someone plz explain this , totally confused by the stimulus itself Argument: Nobles hired knights for battle. Nobles led knights either in invading or defending. Knights planned strategies which did not depend on offensive or defensive position. Conclusion: Knights did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success. The argument tells us that knights strategies did not depend on position so we are concluding that the knights did not consider location important. The point is that we cannot conclude that. Perhaps they did not know the location and hence did not consider it. Perhaps they did think that location was important to strategy but since they did not know the location, they couldn't plan their strategy based on that. (A) In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land. This tells you that knights had no idea about the position and hence it makes sense that they did not consider it in their strategy. So it is not necessary that they did not consider position important. So it weakens our conclusion. Answer (A) Moderator Joined: 01 Sep 2010 Posts: 3089 Followers: 783 Kudos [?]: 6516 [0], given: 1008 Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink] ### Show Tags 21 Jan 2013, 07:31 The argument states Nobles hired knights to invade new lands. Now: knights trained regardless the land to invade or defend, no matter what. they trained and then..........who cares. did something imparted to them (no regards of the location where they fought) . basically the argument says this. But in my opinion E weaken the argument. A is an assumption. If you find it, post the OE and will see regards _________________ Intern Joined: 06 Feb 2014 Posts: 44 Location: United States GPA: 4 WE: Operations (Aerospace and Defense) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 54 Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink] ### Show Tags 12 Feb 2015, 17:02 This one's from Veritas and here's the official explanation. Can someone please explain why A is correct. I still don't see how A is weakening the conclusion. Choice A, the correct answer, provides evidence that knights could not determine in advance whether a battle would involve an invasion of land or a defense of land. Thus, even if knights did regard the location of land as relevant to success, they might have been unable to apply this criterion. Therefore, choice A weakens the conclusion. Choice B fails to establish that the location of the battle was important, that knights had any reason to see the location as relevant, or that they lacked information to properly determine the relevance of the location. Neither choice C nor choice D affects the conclusion-choice C does not give enough information to undermine the conclusion, and choice D is irrelevant to the knights' view. That another factor was seen by knights as relevant to success is irrelevant to the conclusion, thus choice E is incorrect. My take: Logical structure: Premise 1: Nobles led Knights to either defend or invade.. Premise 2: Knights trained for success using strategies that were not dependent on offensive or defensive position. Conclusion: Knights didn't regard location as relevant to success Now if A is correct, it is probably trying to weaken/break the assumption that links Premise 1 to Conclusion. However, premise 1 - doesn't state that knights had to know the type of battle - whether they would be invading or defending - in order for conclusion to hold true - knights didn't regard location as relevant to success. Even if knights have no knowledge of type of battle (invasion/defense) they can still regard location (offensive/defensive position) as irrelevant. ?? Please can some experts help clarify. Thanks. TGC wrote: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to prepare for the possibility of battle. When battles occurred, nobles led their knights either in invading surrounding lands, or in defending against the invasion of their lands from surrounding nobles. In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position. Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above? In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land. In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers. Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles. Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands. Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment. Source:veri Prep Can someone plz explain this , totally confused by the stimulus itself Intern Joined: 06 Feb 2014 Posts: 44 Location: United States GPA: 4 WE: Operations (Aerospace and Defense) Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 54 Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink] ### Show Tags 12 Feb 2015, 17:03 This one's from Veritas and here's the official explanation. Can someone please explain why A is correct. I still don't see how A is weakening the conclusion. Choice A, the correct answer, provides evidence that knights could not determine in advance whether a battle would involve an invasion of land or a defense of land. Thus, even if knights did regard the location of land as relevant to success, they might have been unable to apply this criterion. Therefore, choice A weakens the conclusion. Choice B fails to establish that the location of the battle was important, that knights had any reason to see the location as relevant, or that they lacked information to properly determine the relevance of the location. Neither choice C nor choice D affects the conclusion-choice C does not give enough information to undermine the conclusion, and choice D is irrelevant to the knights' view. That another factor was seen by knights as relevant to success is irrelevant to the conclusion, thus choice E is incorrect. My take: Logical structure: Premise 1: Nobles led Knights to either defend or invade.. Premise 2: Knights trained for success using strategies that were not dependent on offensive or defensive position. Conclusion: Knights didn't regard location as relevant to success Now if A is correct, it is probably trying to weaken/break the assumption that links Premise 1 to Conclusion. However, premise 1 - doesn't state that knights had to know the type of battle - whether they would be invading or defending - in order for conclusion to hold true - knights didn't regard location as relevant to success. Even if knights have no knowledge of type of battle (invasion/defense) they can still regard location (offensive/defensive position) as irrelevant. ?? Please can some experts help clarify. Thanks. TGC wrote: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to prepare for the possibility of battle. When battles occurred, nobles led their knights either in invading surrounding lands, or in defending against the invasion of their lands from surrounding nobles. In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position. Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above? In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land. In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers. Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles. Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands. Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment. Source:veri Prep Can someone plz explain this , totally confused by the stimulus itself Intern Joined: 27 Dec 2011 Posts: 47 Location: Brazil Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V27 GMAT 2: 680 Q46 V38 GMAT 3: 750 Q50 V41 GPA: 3.5 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 71 Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Jan 2016, 07:48 I got this incredibly hard question in my last Veritas CAT. What I don't understand in the OA is the link between "invading or defending land" and the "location of battle" in the conclusion. By choosing letter A I have to assume that invading or defending a land has something to do with the location of the battle. Can someone provide an official gmat question that uses this kind of construction? Manager Joined: 03 Dec 2014 Posts: 134 Location: India Concentration: General Management, Leadership GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V27 GPA: 1.9 WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities) Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 390 Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Jan 2016, 08:20 carcass wrote: The argument states Nobles hired knights to invade new lands. Now: knights trained regardless the land to invade or defend, no matter what. they trained and then..........who cares. did something imparted to them (no regards of the location where they fought) . basically the argument says this. But in my opinion E weaken the argument. A is an assumption. If you find it, post the OE and will see regards I think E strengthen the concl. Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 7119 Location: Pune, India Followers: 2131 Kudos [?]: 13631 [0], given: 222 Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Jan 2016, 19:37 Hugoba wrote: I got this incredibly hard question in my last Veritas CAT. What I don't understand in the OA is the link between "invading or defending land" and the "location of battle" in the conclusion. By choosing letter A I have to assume that invading or defending a land has something to do with the location of the battle. Can someone provide an official gmat question that uses this kind of construction? But there is a connection between invading/defending and location by definition. When you invade, you go to other regions to invade. When you defend, you defend home. Say, your homeland is surrounded by mountains, your strategy might depend on that. If you are going to invade a city along a river, your strategy might be different. So location has everything to do with whether one is defending or invading. Once you understand the question, it doesn't seem hard at all. Check out my post above for an explanation: in-the-feudal-system-nobles-typically-hired-knights-to-146114.html#p1484098 _________________ Karishma Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor My Blog Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for$199

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Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2016, 15:14
TGC wrote:
In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to prepare for the possibility of battle. When battles occurred, nobles led their knights either in invading surrounding lands, or in defending against the invasion of their lands from surrounding nobles. In training for success in battle, knights, unlike nobles, planned strategies that did not depend on an offensive or defensive position. Knights, then, did not regard the location of battle as relevant to success.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

a) In making battle plans, knights, unlike nobles, had no knowledge of whether they would be invading or defending land.
b)In the feudal system, it was clear when a battle was successful because the winners received land from the losers.
c)Knights were as likely to be successful in an offensive battle as were nobles.
d) Nobles made decisions about the location of battle based on prior movements of nobles from surrounding lands.
e)Knights planned strategies for success in battle that depended on the ability of their nobles to provide equipment.
Source:veri Prep

Can someone plz explain this , totally confused by the stimulus itself

it is a clear that A is the answer. Knights need not know what nobles are planning to do. They are paid to fight. Where they fight - doesn't matter.
Re: In the feudal system, nobles typically hired knights to   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2016, 15:14
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