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In the figure above, point O is the center of the circle [#permalink]
05 Mar 2013, 10:38

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Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

66% (03:38) correct
34% (04:52) wrong based on 77 sessions

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In the figure above, point O is the center of the circle and line segment BD is tangent to the to the circle at point C. If BC = 4, OB = 8, and OC = CD, then what is the area of the region whose perimeter is radius OA, arc ACE, and radius OE?

Re: In the figure above, point O is the center of the circle [#permalink]
05 Mar 2013, 13:13

1

This post received KUDOS

My question is how did you know where to put point A and point E? Was the image included in the problem or did you draw it?

Angle OCD is 90, and given OC=CD, we know angle COD and CDO =45 degrees. OB=8, CB=4, and properities of the special 30, 60, 90 triangle. x, 2x, \(x\sqrt{3}\), we find out the radius is \(4\sqrt{3}\). We also know angle COB, which is opposite of x in the triangle = 30 degrees Radius= \(4\sqrt{3}\) Area=48pie Angle AOE =45+30=75 degree

Re: In the figure above, point O is the center of the circle [#permalink]
05 Mar 2013, 13:14

DoItRight wrote:

My question is how did you know where to put point A and point E? Was the image included in the problem or did you draw it?

Angle OCD is 90, and given OC=CD, we know angle COD and CDO =45 degrees. OB=8, CB=4, and properities of the special 30, 60, 90 triangle. x, 2x, \(x\sqrt{3}\), we find out the radius is \(4\sqrt{3}\). We also know angle COB, which is opposite of x in the triangle = 30 degrees Radius= \(4\sqrt{3}\) Area=48pie Angle AOE =45+30=75 degree

Re: In the figure above, point O is the center of the circle [#permalink]
09 Mar 2015, 09:12

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Re: In the figure above, point O is the center of the circle [#permalink]
09 Mar 2015, 11:25

Expert's post

Hi All,

The GMAT is based heavily on patterns, so building up your 'pattern-matching' skills is a valuable part of your training. When complex-looking questions appear, they are almost certainly going to be based on a series of overlapping patterns (since it's difficult to make a question complex by accident), so you should be on the lookout for "little" patterns, then think about how they 'connect' to one another.

Here, the first rule that you need to know is that lines that are TANGENT to a circle always form 90 degree angles. This means that triangles OBC and ODC are both RIGHT triangles.

With triangle OBC, we're given two of the sides: one of the legs is 4 and the hypotenuse is 8. You should be thinking....."what type of right triangle has a hypotenuse that is exactly DOUBLE one of its legs.....?" The pattern is that it's a 30/60/90 right triangle.

Next, with triangle ODC, we're told that the two legs of that right triangle are equal. What type of right triangle has two legs that are EQUAL....? The pattern is that it's an ISOSCELES right triangle, so we're dealing with a 45/45/90 right triangle.

From here, it's just a few more steps to figure out the central angle of the circle and the sector area of that piece of circle.

As you continue to study, remember that you're not expected to do every step of a question 'all at once.' Break prompts into small pieces, look for patterns and do the work on the pad.

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