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In the fourteenth and fifteenth century, many western...

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Intern
Intern
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Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 14
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
GMAT 1: 660 Q46 V35
GPA: 3.6
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 36

In the fourteenth and fifteenth century, many western... [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2013, 08:54
In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries,
many Western Pueblo settlements
in what is now the southwestern United
Line States may have possessed distinctly
(5) hierarchical organizational structures.
These communities' agricultural
systems-which were "intensive" in
the use of labor rather than "extensive"
in area-may have given rise to polit-
(10) ical leadership that managed both
labor and food resources. That formal
management of food resources
was needed is suggested by the
large size of storage spaces located
(15) around some communal Great Kivas
(underground ceremonial chambers).
Though no direct evidence exists that
such spaces were used to store food,
Western Pueblo communities lacking
(20) sufficient arable land to support their
populations could have preserved
the necessary extra food, including
imported foodstuffs, in such apparently
communal spaces.
(25) Moreover, evidence of specialization
in producing raw materials and
in manufacturing ceramics and textiles
indicates differentiation of labor within
and between communities. The orga-
(30) nizational and managerial demands
of such specialization strengthen
the possibility that a decision-making
elite existed, an elite whose control
over labor, the use of community sur-
(35) pluses, and the acquisition of imported
goods would have led to a concentration
of economic resources in their
own hands. Evidence for differential
distribution of wealth is found in buri-
(40) als of the period: some include large
quantities of pottery, jewelry, and other
artifacts, whereas others from the
same sites lack any such materials.

Which of the following, if true, would most clearly undermine the author's statement in the last sentence of the passage regarding the distribution of wealth in Western Pubelo settlement.

a. Only community members of exceptional wealth are likely to have been buried with their personal possessions.
b. Members of the communities with extensive agricultural systems are usually buried without personal possessions.
c. Most artifacts in the burial site were manufactured locally rather than imported from other communities.
d. Burial artifacts are often ritual objects associated with religious practices than being the deceased's personal possessions.
e. The quality of the burial artifacts varies depending on the site with which they were associated.
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Re: In the fourteenth and fifteenth century, many western... [#permalink] New post 04 Nov 2013, 12:25
I would go with 'D'.
Can you please provide the OA??
Re: In the fourteenth and fifteenth century, many western...   [#permalink] 04 Nov 2013, 12:25
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