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In the industrialized nations, the last century has

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In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 12:32
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In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.


10. Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 12:51
for me is A

B is weakening the argument
C is out of the scope
D is totally out of scope
E makes a prallelel comparison that does not bring force to the argument
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Re: CR-10 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 14:33
crazy123 wrote:
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.
We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.


10. Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?

(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
(B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
(C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
(D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
(E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.


I thought it was A too but the OA is B. I haven't understood why though.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 15:33
Definitely B.

A here actually weakens the argument.

The argument is based on the assumption that the Mbuti are comparable to prehistoric people. It starts off by saying that people assume that the trend of shorter workdays is applicable to prehistoric humans. Obviously, prehistoric people cannot be studied now, so the author uses the example of the Mbuti to frame his conclusion.

If A is true, then the conclusion is weakened, because it means that the Mbuti have been influenced by modern civilization. Therefore, it is not comparable to prehistoric people.

B states exactly what we're looking for. That the two -- prehistoric people and the Mbuti -- are comparable.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2007, 16:56
B.

'However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion'

The conclusion is: prehistoric people are not working all the time.
  [#permalink] 28 Jun 2007, 16:56
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