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In the industrialized nations, the last century has [#permalink]
17 Jul 2010, 04:09
This post was BOOKMARKED
59% (02:59) correct
41% (02:10) wrong based on 213 sessions
In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival. We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.
Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the argument made in the passage above?
(A) In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization. (B) The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans. (C) The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities. (D) The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours. (E) The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.
Premises - P1 Old theory - prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival P2 New theory - Mbuti did not labored hard. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies.
Conclusion - conclusion is drawn from studying Mbuti - workdays are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.
A The stimulus talks about workdays being the product of industralization. How the economy of Mbuti is affected by encroachment of modern civilization has no bearing ! B To draw any conclusion from studying Mbuti about the prehistoric human we must assume that their lifestyles must be similar. Answer C The distinction b/n work activities and leisure activities has no bearing. D workday of a European peasant. No bearing E workday of Shaklik tribe in central Asia. No bearing _________________