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# In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric

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In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  03 Dec 2009, 02:12
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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by WoundedTiger on 23 Jul 2014, 00:13, edited 1 time in total.
OA updated. GMAT Prep Q
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  03 Dec 2009, 03:07
its
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

more to do with meaning

its a GPrep Q (too).
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  03 Dec 2009, 03:10
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Read Ron's(MGMAT tutor) explanations

the participle "investigating" follows "experiments" immediately. no filler words are necessary; this is good concision.
the wording is clear; there are no awkward double possessives, etc., as in some of the other choices.
"would" is used properly here, as a past-tense form of "will". (i.e., if this sentence were translated into the present tense, it would read "...that changes ... will have")
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  03 Dec 2009, 03:47
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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  27 Mar 2010, 23:27
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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps

Actually 'that' belongs to a category called 'essential' modifiers. Essential modifiers can surprisingly modify either the word or the phrase before them, whatever makes sense; this is as opposed to non-essential modifiers such as 'which', which (almost always) modify the word preceding those modifiers.

B expresses the meaning in a most lucid manner and is hence the correct answer. Usage such as "working conditions’ effects " or "what the effects changes in working conditions" are clearly awkward.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  04 Apr 2010, 04:56
EducationAisle wrote:
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps

Actually 'that' belongs to a category called 'essential' modifiers. Essential modifiers can surprisingly modify either the word or the phrase before them, whatever makes sense; this is as opposed to non-essential modifiers such as 'which', which (almost always) modify the word preceding those modifiers.

B expresses the meaning in a most lucid manner and is hence the correct answer. Usage such as "working conditions’ effects " or "what the effects changes in working conditions" are clearly awkward.

That was a really tricky question. Luckily, we have you guys here to explain the best answer.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  08 Apr 2010, 21:35
I selected D and you guys proved me wrong
B is the best. I thought a participle modifier would be preceded by comma. It is no necessary I think.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  27 Aug 2010, 11:53
According to this source* the construction "preposition"+"noun"+"participle" is always wrong, and that is why I didnt choose. Please clarify.

*source: http://www.amazon.com/GMAT-Ultimate-Sen ... 780&sr=8-1
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  12 Oct 2010, 18:02
went with B after 2 mins. Little too long for my liking but I found my self re-reading A and B
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  18 Oct 2010, 12:03
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps

But in B investigating is modifying experiments, in the same way as in A and D.
Could you clarify this?
Thanks
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  19 Oct 2010, 02:41
2
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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

B it is.
an -Ing form is best used to express the result of the main clause.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  22 Dec 2010, 07:38
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B.

To add to the explanations:

effects on - correct idiom. just to strike out C.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  26 Dec 2010, 13:33
noboru wrote:
According to this source* the construction "preposition"+"noun"+"participle" is always wrong, and that is why I didnt choose. Please clarify.

*source: http://www.amazon.com/GMAT-Ultimate-Sen ... 780&sr=8-1

nobody is going to clarify this?
thanks.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  04 Aug 2012, 09:27
noboru wrote:
noboru wrote:
According to this source* the construction "preposition"+"noun"+"participle" is always wrong, and that is why I didnt choose. Please clarify.

*source: http://www.amazon.com/GMAT-Ultimate-Sen ... 780&sr=8-1

nobody is going to clarify this?
thanks.

Not so sure of this link there.. Perhaps, experts may share something...

I feel E is not awkward and sounds indeed unambiguous.
Why do we have "would have" by the way in B?
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  04 Aug 2012, 09:46
noboru wrote:
According to this source* the construction "preposition"+"noun"+"participle" is always wrong, and that is why I didnt choose. Please clarify.

*source: http://www.amazon.com/GMAT-Ultimate-Sen ... 780&sr=8-1

you are right but ; prep+noun+verb-ing can be correct if noun is intended object of preposition.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  26 Oct 2013, 05:22
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  06 Jul 2014, 04:33
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

In Option B

In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

"Investigating" is modifying "experiments", but experiments are not doing the investigation/study. Verb-ing modifier should make sense with the entity it modifies.

So how is the modifier placement correct here?
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  06 Jul 2014, 07:36
1
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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

its B

Reasoning as follows :

Meaning of Sentence is the Hawthorne Works is a series of experiments & these experiments investigate how change in working condition effects worker's performance.

A : It implies as series of experiments would investigate changes in .....
nonsensical to say that series itself investigate hence wrong.

B : Investigating ....
Verb-ing modifier without a comma, modifies preceding noun, which in this case is series of experiments , thus structure wise sentence is correct, In terms of meaning also perfectly fine, as It provides information about these series of experiments .

C : Awkward construction & meaning not clear

D : Sames as A --> Implies that series itself investigate which is wrong

E : In this structure subject is What the effects ...(Phrase) verb is would have wrong as whenever phrase is subject, It must be taken as singular entity, hence singular verb must be use

Hope this help, & experts correct me if i am wrong some where !!

Regards
ST
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  06 Jul 2014, 14:32
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?

I'm A little confused. in the none underline part shouldn't be Works were.

In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne WORKS of the Western Electric Company WAS the scene of an intensive series of experiments
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric [#permalink]  07 Jul 2014, 06:14
Hawthorn Works is a proper noun. -- hence it is singular. Note that the initial letters are capitalized.
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Re: In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2014, 06:14

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# In the mid-1920s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric

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