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# In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many

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In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many [#permalink]  30 May 2010, 09:06
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In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?
A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 22 Aug 2013, 22:22, edited 1 time in total.
OA not provided
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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  30 May 2010, 09:14
I would go with D. This is strongly related to the conclusion.
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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  30 May 2010, 10:10
For me it's A or E.

One monk made a mistake and the result is ALL subsequent copies will be corrected. was this monk the only one to make the subsequent copies? mabe a copy existed before the Middle Ages....

If this monk made all the copies, can we traced them back for correction?..hum

I think I will go for A

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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  30 May 2010, 21:04
IMO C
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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  31 May 2010, 20:54
mirzohidjon wrote:
IMO C

the OA is E
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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  31 May 2010, 22:13
Please dont post the OA so early.

IMO E.
This is an Defender Assumption based question.

When you read the stimulus you will find that the author has presented his views fairly without missing some key assumptions. But, in the end, he makes a broad generalization based conclusion. We are asked to support the conclusion with an additional premise which is stated in E.

E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

If you negate this, it will become:
All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic cannot be traced back to the flawed copy.

If the copies cannot be traced back then how can all copies be corrected. The conclusion fals apart.

dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  01 Aug 2013, 07:01
ykaiim wrote:
Please dont post the OA so early.

IMO E.
This is an Defender Assumption based question.

When you read the stimulus you will find that the author has presented his views fairly without missing some key assumptions. But, in the end, he makes a broad generalization based conclusion. We are asked to support the conclusion with an additional premise which is stated in E.

E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

If you negate this, it will become:
All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic cannot be traced back to the flawed copy.

If the copies cannot be traced back then how can all copies be corrected. The conclusion fals apart.

dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

Lets look at A

Lets say some copies of Plato's republic predates Middle ages , that means "NOT ALL" copies needs to be replaced and again the conclusion is destroyed. What do you have to say about it ?
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Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many [#permalink]  01 Aug 2013, 07:30
dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages. At least one copy, prior to the mistake copy, has to exist or it's unlikely that the mistake would have been found.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected. The question stem only covers Plato's Republic.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text. Again already covered in the question stem.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week. Stated in the question stem.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy. Not previous included in the question stem. The fact all copies can be traced to the flawed copy is important information supporting the conclusion.
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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  22 Aug 2013, 01:56
smartmanav wrote:
ykaiim wrote:
Please dont post the OA so early.

IMO E.
This is an Defender Assumption based question.

When you read the stimulus you will find that the author has presented his views fairly without missing some key assumptions. But, in the end, he makes a broad generalization based conclusion. We are asked to support the conclusion with an additional premise which is stated in E.

E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

If you negate this, it will become:
All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic cannot be traced back to the flawed copy.

If the copies cannot be traced back then how can all copies be corrected. The conclusion fals apart.

dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?

A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

Lets look at A

Lets say some copies of Plato's republic predates Middle ages , that means "NOT ALL" copies needs to be replaced and again the conclusion is destroyed. What do you have to say about it ?

The author clearly mentioned 'All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.' The copies which are prior to medival age need not be corrected.

But i dont think that E is correct one too... the author simply stated that books need to be corrected, how these books can be corrected, is it possible or not is out of scope here
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Re: kaplan test [#permalink]  22 Aug 2013, 18:12
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The author clearly mentioned 'All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.' The copies which are prior to medival age need not be corrected.

But i dont think that E is correct one too... the author simply stated that books need to be corrected, how these books can be corrected, is it possible or not is out of scope here

The author thinks the books must be corrected because of an error in a single medieval copy. If some books didn't stem from that copy, then those books won't have the monk's error, and won't need correcting! Thus, the information in choice (E) is necessary for the author's conclusion to hold--without it, we have no reason to fix any copies that trace their lineage to a different monastery.

Hope this helps!
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Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many [#permalink]  27 May 2014, 00:55
dixitraghav wrote:
In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many of the great works of Antiquity. They maintained these works in their libraries and spent many hours transcribing them for distribution to other monasteries. However, last week a Classics scholar discovered that a monk had consistently miscopied a word while transcribing Plato's Republic, thereby altering the meaning of the entire text. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected.

The conclusion above would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were inserted into the argument as an additional premise?
A. No copy of Plato's Republic predates the Middle Ages.
B. Only Plato's Republic needs to be corrected.
C. A single word can alter the meaning of an entire text.
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy.

"All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic will now have to be corrected" - author's reasoning of the correction. Author is not concluding on how to implement the correction.
However, option E -"All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy" this option tells how to implement the fix. and Implementing the correction is out of scope.

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Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many [#permalink]  02 Jun 2015, 11:48
Let's look at d & e as others can be eliminated easily..
D. No one had ever noticed the mistake before last week.
If no one has ever noticed this before then obviously all subsequent books of this lineage need to be corrected(whether there are only a few or many or none or whether they can be traced or not is a whole different matter)

E. All subsequent copies of Plato's Republic can be traced back to the flawed copy
What if some one has observed this mistake before and has already corrected it before any subsequent copies were even made?
Re: In the Middle Ages, monks possessed the only copies of many   [#permalink] 02 Jun 2015, 11:48
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