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In the minds of many people living in England, before

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In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2010, 05:40
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A
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E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

51% (01:25) correct 49% (00:53) wrong based on 65 sessions
In the minds of many people living in England, before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes, the
opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was considered the end of the world.
(A) before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes
(B) before there was Australia, it was the antipodes
(C) it was the antipodes that was Australia
(D) Australia was what was the antipodes
(E) Australia was what had been known as the antipodes
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In the minds of many people living in England [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2010, 06:22
IMO 'A'

It means: before the country that is now know as Australia got that name.
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2013, 11:53
achiever01 wrote:
IMO 'A'

It means: before the country that is now know as Australia got that name.


Not sure what it is referring to? It would be great if some one can throw some more light on this. This question deserves some discussion.
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2013, 12:30
In the minds of many people living in England, before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes, the
opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was considered the end of the world.

(A) before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes
CORRECT
(B) before there was Australia, it was the antipodes
what does "it" refer to? Logically is not correct also: "before there was Australia" gives us the idea that the island appeared one day.
(C) it was the antipodes that was Australia
This is totally wrong (logically, grammatically,...)
(D) Australia was what was the antipodes
"was what was" can't be right.
(E) Australia was what had been known as the antipodes
wordy, the tense is wrong ("had been + verb" is used to indicate an action that took place over a period of time in the past, before another action happened)
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2013, 20:17
Hi folks,

Can anyone run the POE with proper explanations

Rgds,
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2014, 08:33
Honestly, I am not a big buyer that the pronoum "IT" doesn't have a clear reference in answers A, B and C. Sometimes, the placeholder IT can be used to remove the awkward effect in a phrase:

E.g.1: It was him the culprit of _____. ----> It refers to "the culprit"
E.g.2: It was possible that he did ____. ----> It refers to "that____"
E.g.3: It is hard to think of _____. ---> It refers to "to think of___"

Can someone explain me why this is not the case?



RenukaD wrote:
In the minds of many people living in England, before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes, the
opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was considered the end of the world.
(A) before Australia was Australia, it was the antipodes
(B) before there was Australia, it was the antipodes
(C) it was the antipodes that was Australia
(D) Australia was what was the antipodes
(E) Australia was what had been known as the antipodes
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2014, 22:32
nechets wrote:
Honestly, I am not a big buyer that the pronoum "IT" doesn't have a clear reference in answers A, B and C. Sometimes, the placeholder IT can be used to remove the awkward effect in a phrase:

E.g.1: It was him the culprit of _____. ----> It refers to "the culprit"
E.g.2: It was possible that he did ____. ----> It refers to "that____"
E.g.3: It is hard to think of _____. ---> It refers to "to think of___"

Can someone explain me why this is not the case?


1. It was him, the culprit of Stevens murders, who was hanged yesterday
2. It was possible that he did the right work
3. It is hard to think of an alibi.

In none of the above examples 'it' is acting as a pronoun, for the simple reason that 'it' cannot be replaced by a noun/noun phrase.
That's why 'it' is called a placeholder or a dummy pronoun or a syntactic expletive (it just performs a syntactic role and doesn't add to the meaning)

Simple words - If you can replace 'it' with a noun/noun phrase (mostly 'it' refers to neutral gender or things or animals), then 'it' is acting as a pronoun.
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Re: In the minds of many people living in England, before   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2014, 22:32
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