In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

It is currently 08 Dec 2016, 22:05
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 591
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 653 [0], given: 20

In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Nov 2012, 07:16
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (02:09) correct 38% (01:25) wrong based on 584 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter in Kentucky used wooden sleds with runners and
steering bars. Fifteen years ago, smooth plastic sleds became popular; they go faster than wooden sleds but are
harder to steer. The fear that plastic sleds are more dangerous is clearly borne out by the fact that the number
of children injured while sledding was much higher last winter than it was fifteen years ago.

Which of the following, if true in Kentucky, most seriously undermines the force of the evidence cited?

A. A few children still use traditional wooden sleds.
B. Most sledding injuries occur when a sled collides with a tree, a rock, or another sled.
C. Very few children wear any kind of protective gear, such as helmets, while sledding.
D. Because plastic sleds are less expensive than wooden sleds, many more children own a sled now than did fifteen years ago.
E. An accident involving a wooden sled can result in several children being injured because the traditional wooden
sleds can carry more than one rider.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.


Last edited by gmatbull on 06 Nov 2012, 05:35, edited 1 time in total.
Request Expert Reply
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 359
Location: European union
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 56 [1] , given: 41

Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Nov 2012, 08:38
1
This post received
KUDOS
D is the correct answer. As sleds are more affordable today, more children have them, and thus the accidents are more. This undermines the theory that accidents are more because plastic sleds are more dangerous.

E is tempting. It states that a wooden sled accident might involve several injuries. However, we are interested in the number of injuries, not the number of accidents. The problem specifies at that today the number of injuries is higher than the number of injuries 15 years ago, so the number of accidents and the fact that one accident means several injuries are simply irrelevant.
VP
VP
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 1096
Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Followers: 37

Kudos [?]: 518 [0], given: 70

Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Nov 2012, 09:33
We have to weaken the evidence
What is the evidence?
Large Number of accidents involving the plastic sleds...

E doesnt play any role in weaken

Only contender here is C and D

D wins over C since it weakens the problem specifically by suggesting that there are large number of accidents but comparatively the population of plastic sled user is even larger

Consider 100,000 People using plastic sled out of which 100 are involved in ana accident.
Is the number large.
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 591
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Followers: 18

Kudos [?]: 653 [1] , given: 20

Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2012, 05:41
1
This post received
KUDOS
The argument is attributing increase in number of accidents to steel.

Consider:
15yrs ago: 10 steel users with 2 accidents per user - 20 accidents
Now: 100 steel users with 2 accidents per user - 200 accidents

Although 200 accidents now from steel, we still cannot conclude steel are more dangerous
than wood.
_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jul 2012
Posts: 29
GMAT 1: Q V
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 7

Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Nov 2012, 05:09
Just using "The Most Comprehensive Guide of Everything Official - CR" which has the correct answer as "C. Plastic sleds can be used in a much wider variety of snow conditions than wooden sleds can", which isn't an answer choice above.

Actually, looking more closely it's not the same exact question as in the Most Comprehensive study guide as the one above compares accidents of 15 years ago as opposed to 10 years ago and takes place in Kentucky. Probably, explains why the answer choices don't match and why "C" is the correct choice in the Most Comprehensive study guide.
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 638
Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 97

Kudos [?]: 521 [1] , given: 80

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2013, 10:24
1
This post received
KUDOS
What if we say that since Plastic sleds are hard to steer more collisions with immovable objects/otehr sleds are occuring? As said in B?

D is the better choice albeit
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10442
Followers: 886

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2014, 12:18
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10442
Followers: 886

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2016, 12:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2014
Posts: 924
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.98
Followers: 88

Kudos [?]: 219 [1] , given: 69

GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jan 2016, 06:31
1
This post received
KUDOS
I chose 'C' over 'D'.

The reason for this was that 'owning' a sled does not mean that children are actually 'sledding'. It is possible that they are just owning it but not using it.

However, option 'C' says that safety precautions are not used and that might have resulted in more injuries.

Any thoughts, folks??
_________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 804
Followers: 345

Kudos [?]: 682 [1] , given: 5

Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2016, 07:26
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Choice D is the correct answer because you want to find some information that weakens the argument. It's a classic GMAT-like argument that attempts to compare raw numbers when rates really should be compared. This issue is highlighted by choice D which states that the number of sleds (and by extension sledders) has grown significantly with the introduction of the cheaper plastic sled. This increase in sleds could lead to a higher NUMBER of accidents with a lower RATE of accidents overall, thus weakening the conclusion.

You have a valid point about the sleds not necessarily equating directly with sledders, but remember that with CR you are choosing the best answer available. Choice C doesn't provide any differentiation between now and 15 years ago. If it had (by mentioning that protective gear was used heavily 15 years ago but not anymore) then C would be a strong answer choice.

KW
_________________


Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile



Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2014
Posts: 924
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.98
Followers: 88

Kudos [?]: 219 [0], given: 69

GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2016, 11:49
KyleWiddison wrote:
Choice D is the correct answer because you want to find some information that weakens the argument. It's a classic GMAT-like argument that attempts to compare raw numbers when rates really should be compared. This issue is highlighted by choice D which states that the number of sleds (and by extension sledders) has grown significantly with the introduction of the cheaper plastic sled. This increase in sleds could lead to a higher NUMBER of accidents with a lower RATE of accidents overall, thus weakening the conclusion.

You have a valid point about the sleds not necessarily equating directly with sledders, but remember that with CR you are choosing the best answer available. Choice C doesn't provide any differentiation between now and 15 years ago. If it had (by mentioning that protective gear was used heavily 15 years ago but not anymore) then C would be a strong answer choice.

KW


Thanks for the explanation. Hope I would not face such choices on the real day :)
_________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Nov 2011
Posts: 118
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 367

Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Mar 2016, 23:50
KyleWiddison wrote:
Choice D is the correct answer because you want to find some information that weakens the argument. It's a classic GMAT-like argument that attempts to compare raw numbers when rates really should be compared. This issue is highlighted by choice D which states that the number of sleds (and by extension sledders) has grown significantly with the introduction of the cheaper plastic sled. This increase in sleds could lead to a higher NUMBER of accidents with a lower RATE of accidents overall, thus weakening the conclusion.

You have a valid point about the sleds not necessarily equating directly with sledders, but remember that with CR you are choosing the best answer available. Choice C doesn't provide any differentiation between now and 15 years ago. If it had (by mentioning that protective gear was used heavily 15 years ago but not anymore) then C would be a strong answer choice.

KW



KyleWiddison I know E cannnot be the answer because it gives no information about Plastics sleds, but what if E had (by mentioning that today Plastics sleds carry 4 riders and traditional wooden carry 2 riders), would this be the possible contender.
My reasoning to this is "number of injuries more not because number of acc but because carry more slders". PLease share your thoughts on this.
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 804
Followers: 345

Kudos [?]: 682 [1] , given: 5

Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Mar 2016, 06:37
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
The real issue with E isn't so much that is doesn't compare wooden vs. plastic sleds but rather the issue is the unnecessary information on injuries per crash. Look at the wording of the argument. We are comparing the gross number of injuries attributed to plastic or wooden sleds, not injuries per sled. Whether a sled carries 1 or 100 riders is irrelevant because the data sums all the injuries related to sledding. If the argument had discussed injuries per crash and E discussed the comparison between wood and plastic then E would be in contention.

KW
_________________


Kyle Widdison | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Utah


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile



Re: In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2016, 06:37
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter ExecMBA2010 0 07 Feb 2010, 11:56
19 In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter arorag 10 21 Sep 2008, 13:26
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter stevegt 0 05 Jul 2007, 17:51
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter goalsnr 0 30 Jun 2007, 09:48
In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter AK 1 10 Feb 2007, 00:38
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the past, most children who went sledding in the winter

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.